Promoting Resilience Through Employment. Why Do Youth Need Jobs?. Dr. Gia Elise Barboza Department of African American Studies and Health Science Northeastern University firstname.lastname@example.org. Who Benefits From Youth Employment?. Present national data on youth employment
Why Do Youth Need Jobs?
Dr. Gia Elise Barboza
Department of African American Studies and Health Science
Present national data on youth employment
Discuss my research from a local evaluation of a youth employment initiative
Draw conclusions about the benefits of youth employment
Labor Force Attachment, Education and Crime in Areas of Concentrated Disadvantage
Concentration of Homicides
1) Boredomand not having anything to do;
2) Lack of money, a job and/or poverty;
3) Lack of empathy, lack of community and/or the failure to see the value of life (“Authority conflict” “Lack of empathetic understanding”” Youth not seeing the value of life” “Don’t understand how to respect”)
4) Guns/drugs (“Drugs and guns”)
5) Male/female relationship issues (“… that’s what my father thinks, be careful of a girl, that’s how a lot of people get killed, a lot of girls play games. It’s all girls, its not a certain race…”)
6) Lack of a proper education (“Our education system doesn’t have classes to teach youth how to be a citizen in a capitalistic society”); and
7) Negativesocialization coupled with a lack of positive socialization experiences and/or no positive role models (“the wrong path not being show the right path, looking with your eyes and seeing it and being like oh I wanna do that. You need someone there to tell you what you should be doing”).
But where’s the leverage point??
Summer 1, APTE and Summer 2 Research
63% Dorchester, 10% Mattapan, 25% Roxbury
23% Live in A Two Parent Family
80% High School Students
17% Absent More Than 10 days or more
8.5% given 2 or more in-school suspensions
14% given 2 or more out of school suspensions
90% plan to graduate HS and go to college
17% attending summer school
92% taken MCAS; 45% passed all three subject areas
68% said they could not stop thinking about something bad that’s happened to them
“We want people to listen to us and hear our struggles.”
“It feels real good to get stuff off our chests and just vent.”
What attitude and behaviors changed through employment?
What aspects of the program were most effective in changing behavior?
1. Teaching Problem Solving Skills (“I didn't think of solutions, my attitude controlled my mind...”)
2. Mentoring and Peer Influences (“I think that it has to do with what I’ve seen through my peers … the people they put in front of us…”)
3. Innovative Teaching and Classroom Structure (“In summer [math class] we built a family...”)
4. Establishing Trust (“The kids see that when we say something we come through, and it's in their best interest. This takes time...”)
5. Vocational Training and Employment (“I wanna say that once you started the job I learned that we are not kids anymore and we are professionals…”)
Employment provides a context for addressing trauma