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The Role of Governors in Teachers’ Performance Related Pay (PRP) . Who is the workshop aimed at?.

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Presentation Transcript
who is the workshop aimed at
Who is the workshop aimed at?
  • This presentation is aimed primarily at local authority (LA) maintained school governors. Academy governors attending will also find it useful, particularly if they are using the School Teachers’ Pay and Conditions Document (STPCD) as the framework for their school’s pay policy.

Academy is used to cover free schools, studio schools and university technical colleges.

objectives of the session
Objectives of the session

At the end of the session, delegates should:

  • understand the governing body's (GB’s) responsibilities on Performance Related Pay (PRP) for teaching staff - i.e. what has changed and what they need to do about it
  • have had the opportunity to consider the opportunities and the challenges posed by the changes;
  • have had the opportunity to share policies and good practice;
  • be equipped to monitor the implementation of the PRP policy in order to ensure it is fair and objective; and
  • understand what else needs to be done in preparation for any appeal from September 2014 (although this is not training for appeal panel members).

Introduction to GBs’ responsibilities on teachers’ pay

Table discussion

Report back from tables and group discussion

Ensuring consistent and effective implementation of PRP

Table discussion:

Report back & comment by trainer

Appeal process and the governors’ role

Plenary/Any questions

core responsibilities of the gb
Core responsibilities of the GB
  • The governing body (GB) is responsible for ensuring high standards of performance in the school.
  • The GB has statutory responsibilities for pay and appraisal – including making final decisions about the pay of all teaching staff. (School Teachers’ Pay and Conditions Document (STPCD) 2013 paragraph 2.1 and the The Education (School Teachers’ Appraisal) (England) Regulations 2012 (as amended).
  • The performance of staff employed at the school will have a significant effect on the learning of pupils, and therefore their achievements.
  • The headteacher is responsible for managing the performance of the staff, and the GB is responsible for performance managing the headteacher.
    • The headteacher should provide information to the governing body about the quality of teaching and appraisal outcomes. If the GB is unaware of staff performance it will be unable to evaluate the school’s progress.
  • If teaching is not good, the GB needs to know and to assure itself that actions are being taken to improve this in order to fulfil its duty.
what is the stpcd
What is the STPCD?
  • STPCD is The School Teachers’ Pay and Conditions Document
  • It sets out the arrangements (including the minima and maxima of pay ranges) for teachers’ pay and other conditions of employment.
  • The STPCD is updated annually on 1 September
  • Mandatory requirement for LA maintained schools
  • Academies may choose to follow the STPCD – some teachers’ in academies may have a continuing right to be paid according to the STPCD.
the stpcd

School Teachers’ Pay and Conditions Document 2013 and guidance on School Teachers’ Pay and Conditions September 2013

‘LAs and governing bodies are required to have regard to the statutory guidance, and in respect of guidance on procedural matters a court or tribunal may take any failure to do so into account in any proceedings. Broadly speaking, this means that any party not following this guidance would need to have good reason not to do so and would need to be able to justify any departure from it.’

In other words …

  • The STPCD is statutory for LA maintained schools
  • It is contractual for many academies.
teacher pay ranges allowances
Teacher Pay Ranges & Allowances
  • Main pay range– for teachers not on the upper pay range
  • Upper pay range – usually more experienced teachers, who must meet the statutory criteria and those set out by the school
  • Leading practitioners range - for teachers whose primary purpose is to model and lead the improvement of teaching skills (similar BUT NOT THE SAME AS previous designations of Advanced Skills Teachers and Excellent Teachers)
  • Leadership scale – assistant heads, deputy heads and headteachers
  • Unqualified teachers range – for non-qualified teachers as defined in the STPCD
  • Allowances
    • Teaching and Learning Responsibilities (additional responsibility award may be applied to main pay range or upper pay range teachers)
    • SEN Allowance (additional allowance with specific criteria relating to working with children with Special Educational Needs)
what were the main changes to the stpcd 2013
What were the main changes to the STPCD 2013?
  • All pay progression to be based on performance
  • Main Pay Range (MPR) – removed six point scale and replaced it with a minima and maxima
  • Upper Pay Range (UPR) – introduced a single range with minima and maxima
  • Leading Practitioner Range – new designation – teachers to be placed on an individual range within the specified minima and maxima
  • Unqualified Teacher Range – removed six point scale and replaced it with a minima and maxima
  • For governing bodies to determine any progression points between the minima and maxima
    • Impacts on pay progression from September 2014
other changes to the stpcd 2013
Other changes to the STPCD 2013
  • Upper pay range – now for GBs:
    • to determine when/how often applications can be made
    • for GB to clarify criteria within the broad statutory framework
  • Leading Practitioners introduced as a new designation - teachers employed in posts that are for the primary purpose of modelling and leading improvement of teaching skills
    • Advanced Skills Teacher and Excellent Teacher designations abolished
  • Teaching and Learning Responsibilities (TLRs) – new fixed-term TLR 3 introduced
    • for time-limited school improvement projects or one-off externally driven responsibilities
  • Pay portability – GBs are no longer obliged to pay teachers the same salary they received for a previous job in another school and have freedom to reflect this in pay polices.
  • The new STPCD came into effect from 1 September 2013
    • GBs should have made decisions about Advanced Skills Teacher and Excellent Teacher posts, i.e. to convert or abolish, by 1 September 2013
    • A new pay policy should have been in place before teachers’ objectives were set for the 2013/14 academic year
    • Pay progression decisions in September 2014 must to be linked to assessments of performance.
teacher appraisal
Teacher appraisal
  • Revised arrangements for managing teacher appraisal in England came into force on 1 September 2012.
  • From 1 September 2013 – appraisal policies should have been amended to include the explicit link to pay
  • In LA maintained schools, appraisal of teaching staff (including the headteacher)
    • must take into account the Teachers’ Standards
    • must include objectives that, if achieved, will contribute to improving the education of the pupils at the school
    • must include objectives that, if achieved, will contribute to the implementation of the any school plan relating to improving educational provision and performance.
    • the GB must involve an external adviser in carrying out the appraisal of the headteacher
good staff development matters
Good staff development matters

Staff performance and development

Are two of the most, if not the most, important levers for school improvement so it needs to be done well in order for children and young people to achieve their potential.

Effective self-evaluation

Governing bodies have a statutory responsibility to conduct their schools so as to promote high standards of education; if there is no formal appraisal then the picture of the school is incomplete and it will not be possible to set an effective improvement strategy.

Continuing professional development (CPD) for staff

If there is no formal appraisal process then it is difficult to determine and arrange appropriate CPD, which again will impact on the standard of education offered.

Good employment practice

The governing body has a duty of care to its staff, and appraisal is part of any effective organisation’s staffing procedures. All staff deserve to be managed well and, as part of this, to have an effective appraisal which is carried out properly and informs their CPD.

pay appraisal policies issues you need to consider
Pay/appraisal policies:issues you need to consider
  • Pay and appraisal policies are linked and need to complement each other
  • Affordability – the budget must be sufficient to meet the stated rewards
  • Performance measures – absolute or relative or a combination of both?
  • What level of performance will be required for progression up the relevant pay range? This should be defined (in the pay policy)
  • How is progression differentiated so that the very highest performers can progress faster?
  • What sources of evidence will be used to assess performance e.g. self-assessment, peer review, tracking pupil progress, lesson observations, the views of pupils and parents?
  • Have all teaching staff been made aware of what they will need to do to progress up the relevant pay range?
table discussion
Table discussion
  • Why attendees took the approach they did in their pay policies
  • What challenges they think they may face in September 2014
  • Report back from tables
how do you know if your policy is being applied fairly
How do you know if your policy is being applied fairly?
  • All teaching staff must be given an equal chance to progress up the relevant pay range
  • The level of expected performance may be different for a relatively inexperienced teacher compared to one near the top of the main pay range.
    • How does the GB know that objectives are consistent and offer all staff equal opportunities?
    • What briefing sessions were arranged for staff to ensure they understand the pay policy and its interaction with performance appraisal?
    • Have you asked the HT to confirm that s/he has carried out a moderation process to ensure consistency?
    • Have you seen anonymised appraisal objectives?
    • Have any staff raised any formal grievances about their objectives?
possible challenges
Possible challenges
  • When did you approve your policy?
  • Was it communicated to all teaching staff?
  • If objectives were set before the policy was approved, were teachers given the opportunity to review their objectives?
  • Does the governing body seek information about how the appraisal process is carried out mid-year as well as at the end of year?
possible challenges1
Possible challenges
  • No surprises!
    • Are you confident that teachers are being managed well throughout the year?
    • Performance management should be a living process throughout the year – no individual should get to the end of the year and be surprised by the outcome, whether that is better or worse than anticipated
    • There should be informal dialogue throughout the year
    • Good practice to hold at least one formal mid-year review
    • Teachers must have the opportunity to address any concerns about their performance in-year
  • Issues on which you may need to seek advice from your HR provider
    • How will teachers on maternity leave be treated?
    • How will teachers on long-term sick be treated?

The OfstedFramework (updated September 2013) revised and increased expectations in relation to appraisal and governors’ involvement in pay progression. Inspectors:

  • will evaluate the robustness of performance management arrangements, and consider whether there is an appropriate correlation between the quality of teaching in a school and the salary progression of the school’s teachers.
  • should consider whether governors:
    • understand how the school makes decisions about teachers’ salary progression
    • performance manage the headteacher rigorously
ensuring fair appraisal
Ensuring fair appraisal
  • GBs must assure themselves that appraisals are as fair and objective as possible
    • What information has the GB received about what briefing those undertaking appraisals have received
    • Have the governors undertaking the headteacher’s appraisal been trained?
    • Have anonymised objectives been shared with the relevant GB committee?
  • Challenges are different in different phases and size of school
  • What processes does the headteacher have in place to ensure consistency?
    • The more people carrying out appraisals the bigger the challenge to ensure consistency of approach
    • Is the maths department being harsher than the geography department?
    • Are certain groups being treated more/less favourably?
key issues to consider in monitoring objectives and appraisal outcomes
Key issues to consider in monitoring objectives and appraisal outcomes
  • Inconsistency– has the policy been applied consistency? Were all objectives SMART? Did staff have equal access to CPD and support? Were mid-year reviews carried out?
  • Discrimination– do outcomes show that any particular group men/women, BME staff have better/worse outcomes compared to the generality of staff?
  • Staff morale - appraisal needs to ensure good teachers know their work will be recognised and rewarded, not a mechanism to depress salaries
  • Recruitment and retention – well-valued staff more likely to stay and the school be seen as good place to work
  • Appeals– well-defined system which is properly conducted is less likely to lead to appeals, but you need to be well prepared to hold appeals if necessary.
pay decisions
Pay decisions
  • Has the relevant committee agreed appraisal/pay decisions?
    • What information should the committee see?
    • Can it demonstrate that these were considered carefully and not rubber stamped?
  • How many formal appeals have been lodged?
what would success look like for prp for teachers
What would success look like for PRP for teachers ?

Table discussion:

  • What would the successful implementation of PRP look like for
    • teachers?
    • the governing body?
  • What do we need to do to ensure this is happening during this school year and in autumn 2014?
appeal process and the governors role
Appeal process and the governors’ role
  • The pay policy must include an appeals procedure
    • All teaching staff must bemade aware of the procedure
  • Pay progression purely on the basis of performance means that appeals are more likely
  • Governors must be appropriately prepared to hear appeals before any appeals are lodged (good practice would be for the governing body to arrange a training session for these governors).
grounds for appeal
Grounds for appeal

Pay policy needs to be clear about the grounds for an appeal and the process to be followed, e.g.

  • Incorrect application of the STPCD
  • Failure to take proper account of statutory guidance in the STPCD
  • Failure to follow the school’s own policies (appraisal or pay) properly
  • Failure to take account of relevant evidence
  • Or taking into account irrelevant or inaccurate evidence
  • Unlawful discrimination against an employee

Objection to PRP is not a grounds for appeal.

appeal panel
Appeal panel
  • Panel to be made up of (usually) three governors not involved in initial pay decisions
  • Panel members must be familiar with:
    • the pay policy
    • the appraisal policy
  • Panel members should have received appropriate training in relation to the conduct of pay appeal hearings.
    • There is no mandatory requirement to train but it would be good practice
    • Seek early advice from your HR provider on appropriate training
  • Clerking – any appeal hearing must be properly clerked.
review of pay policy post september 2014
Review of pay policy post September 2014

1. How effectively are the staff appraised?

2. How effectively do we appraise the headteacher?

3. What should our pay policy say about performance and progression?

4. What is the correlation between appraisal outcomes, pay and the quality of teaching and learning?

5. How effective is performance management in improving teaching and learning?

(Source: ‘NGA Knowing Your School: Governors and Staff Performance’)

information sources
Information sources
  • DfE website – Teachers’ Pay 2013
    • STPCD 2013
    • DfE Advice - Reviewing and revising your school’s approach to teachers’ pay, August 2013
    • DfE Myths and facts teachers’ pay
  • The school’s HR provider
  • ACAS –
review of session
Review of session
  • What worked well?
  • What could have been better?
for more information
For more information

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