UNIVERSITY OF NAMIBIA. Contemporary SOCIAL ISSUES. UNIVERSITY OF NAMIBIA COURSE: CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL ISSUES DEPARTMENT OF NURSING (USCI3429) . LECTURER: Mr. Shirungu Michael TEL: 206 3005 Office no. G132 E-MAIL: mshirungu @unam.na. A nnouncements. The course consist of 3 components.
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Contemporary SOCIAL ISSUES
HIV Stands for;
H – Human
AIDS stands for;
A – Acquired
The HI Virus
3. Mother to baby
7. In the process of budding they kill the host cell and move out into the blood stream and infect new cells repeating the whole process all over again.
(1)ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay
(3) WESTERN BLOT
NB: May still contract the HIV infection
*Low self esteem
*Need for emotional gratification
*Fighting false accusations
*Alcohol and drugs
*Inadequate health and birth control
*Rape and sexual violence
*Lack of financial assistance for needy people
*Pornography and the mass media
*Lack of friendly entertainment
*The sex pool and polygamy
*Influence his/her behavior
*Way of feeling about a topic or a person
*Attitudes/ condom and gender
*Ideas about condoms/myths
*Aids can be cured
*Nobody dies of Aids
*Women who carry condoms are loose women
*Condoms has come to destroy relationships
*Men should have multiple sexual relationships
*A person is bewitched if he/she has Aids
with three or more antiretroviral medication
The NRT’s block the( reverse transcriptase), an enzyme required by the virus to make DNA copies of the viral RNA (stage four)
This medication has a role currently in the salvage therapy regime. Fusion inhibitors block the virus from being able to merge with the host cell.( Stage one)
- lifelong treatment with HAART
- strict adherence to treatment
- practicing safe sex
- allowing home visits if indicated
Adherence means taking the right medication, at the right time, in the right way.
Compliance different from adherence, this actually refers to the command given by the doctor or nurse.
Adherence is a very important factor in ART because evidence suggest that 95% adherence or greater is required for successful viral suppression of HIV via combination therapy
- 2 NRTI’s +1 Boosted PI
- 3 NRTI’s(only recommended for special situations)
- AZT/3TC/NVP and alternation based on the LAB results
- D4T/3TC/NVP, alternation thereafter depending on the LAB results
During those visits the following are done :
- Anemia, headaches, hypersensitivity, rashes, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea,
lactic acidosis, pancreatitis.
-caused by mitochondrial dysfunction, disruption of normal cellular metabolism.
-symptoms: - Abnormal pain
- Weight loss
- Nausea, Vomiting
A national assessment of male circumcision in Namibia has recently been conducted.
WHAT ARE STD’s
Show transparency on RH System (Male &
THERE IS NO CURE FOR AIDS