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PETER THE GREAT

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  1. PETER THE GREAT

  2. PETER THE GREAT • THE TROUBLED RISE TO POWER • Tsar Alexei died in 1676 • Son Feodor succeeds him • But dies in 1682 with no heir • Rival families, NARYSHKINS & MILOSLAVSKIIS contend for power • 10-year old Peter made Tsar • Mother Natalia Naryshkina = regent

  3. PETER THE GREAT • THE TROUBLED RISE TO POWER • Miloslavskiis, led by Alexei’s daughter SOPHIA, start Streltsy rebellion • Make Ivan “senior tsar,” Peter “junior tsar” • Sophia made regent

  4. PETER THE GREAT • THE TROUBLED RISE TO POWER • Reign of Sophia (r. 1682-1689) • Very strong, politically astute • Closest advisor = Vasilii Golitsyn • Could not maintain popular support • Defeated by Peter in 1689

  5. PETER THE GREAT • PETER I (r. 1682-1725) • Peter’s background • Hated Streltsy, Moscow • Loved all things military • Big partier • Fascinated by West


  6. PETER THE GREAT • PETER I (r. 1682-1725) • Determined to transform “backward” Russia • Westernization • Secularization • Modernization

  7. ST. PETERSBURG

  8. PETERHOF

  9. PETER THE GREAT • PETRINE REFORM • Economic Change • Early industrialization • State ran show = Mercantilism • Military needs determined economic policies • Coercion was large part of reform • All production for benefit of state

  10. PETER THE GREAT • PETRINE REFORM • Political Reform • State = most important part of society • Everyone’s role = serve state • Changed entire structure of administration • created large bureaucracy • organized govt. into COLLEGES

  11. PETER THE GREAT • PETRINE REFORM • Church Reform • Created Most Holy Governing Synod to administer Church • Church = state institution & champion of autocracy • Intensified struggle against schismatics (Old Believers)

  12. PETER THE GREAT • PETRINE REFORM • Social Changes • Table of Ranks (1722) • Sweeping social change • boyars & gentry merged • new order = state peasants • eliminated church peasants • abolished slavery • Levied SOUL TAX

  13. PETER THE GREAT • PETRINE REFORM • Methods of control • Extensive police system • Internal PASSPORT system • Used confessional to spy

  14. PETER THE GREAT • PETRINE REFORM • Educational Reform • Required all noble boys to be educated • Reorganized education system • Established universities, Academy of Science, national libraries & museums