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Day 134: America in World War II. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 26, 2012 A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. Announcements. Extra Credit is on the website. . America in World War II. Objectives:

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Day 134 america in world war ii

Day 134: America in World War II

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

March 26, 2012

A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Green


Extra Credit is on the website.

America in world war ii
America in World War II


Indicate how America reacted to Pearl Harbor and prepared to wage war against both Germany and Japan.

Describe the mobilization of the American economy for war and the mobilization of manpower and womanpower for both the military and wartime production.

Describe the war’s effects on American society, including regional migration, race relations, and women’s roles.

Explain the early Japanese successes in East Asia and the Pacific, and the American strategy for countering them.

AP Focus

Early in the war, Germany, Japan, and Italy have considerable military success. The Allies, except for France, which had surrendered in 1940, are fortunate not to be overwhelmed completely.

Fearing that they will be disloyal, President Roosevelt orders the detention of Japanese Americans, a serious violation of basic American civil rights.

Chapter focus
Chapter Focus

Chapter Themes

Unified by Pearl Harbor, America effectively carried out a war mobilization effort that produced vast social and economic changes within American society.

Following its “get Hitler first” strategy, the United States and its Allies invaded and liberated conquered Europe from Fascist rule. The slower strategy of island-hopping against Japan also proceeded successfully until the atomic bomb brought a sudden end to World War II.

American entry
American Entry

December 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor/Philippines

Battleship fleet virtually wiped out

3 carriers out that day

Italy/Germany declared war on U.S. on Dec. 11, 1941

ABC-1 agreement (Jan, 29, 1941 to March 27, 1941)

get Germany 1st

Assimilation of Immigrants occurred quickly

One exception-Executive order 9066

The war machine
The War Machine

War Production Board

assigned priorities for transportation and access to raw materials

National speed limits/gasoline rationing

Office of Price Administration

control inflation

National War Labor Board

ceilings on wage increases

Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act

strikes against government operated industry are illegal

Manpower and womanpower
Manpower and Womanpower

15 million men

216,000 women-noncombat roles

WAACs (army)

WAVES (navy)

SPARs (coast guard)

New workers needed to be found

Mexico-Bracero program

6 million women worked outside the home

government day cares

Great majority of women stayed home


War industries

Los Angeles



Baton Rouge

Seeds of the postwar blossoming of the sunbelt

Executive Order forbidding discrimination in defense industries

FEPC (Fair Employment Practices Commission)

NAACP membership rose

CORE started in 1942 Congress of Racial Equality

Holding the home front
Holding the Home Front

Disposable personal income doubled

Income tax expanded to catch 4 times more

max rates as high as 90%

49 billion to 259 billion-U.S. debt between 31 and 45

Japan s advances
Japan’s Advances

Japan successfully attacked:

Guam, Wake, and the Philippines

Hong Kong, British Malaya (rubber and tin)

Cut the Burma Road

used by U.S. to supply Chiang Kai-shek

Dutch East Indies-oil rich


MacArthur withdrew to Bataan with Filipino troops, a defensive position until April 9, 1942

MacArthur ordered to withdraw to Australia

Bataan death march-80 mile march (atrocities on both sides)

New Guinea, north of Australia

Solomon Islands

Battle of Coral Sea checked the Japanese in May 1942

Midway and beyond
Midway and Beyond

June 3-6, 1942

1,000 miles northwest of Honolulu

Why is this a strategic position?

Admiral Chester W. Nimitz

carrier force

Japan secured Kiska and Attu-Aleutian archipelago

August 1942-Guadalcanal Island-Solomon Islands

Japan gave up in February 1943 with 20,000 losses compared to 1700 for the U.S. (10:1)


Read Chapter 34

Prepare for 5 question reading check on Tuesday