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LessCarbonMoreJobs.org Environmental Defense Fund
There are 8,000 parts in a wind turbine-- Liz Salerno, AWEA • bolts, lubricants, copper wiring, fiberglass housing, ball bearings, turbine blades, concrete & steel foundations and seals, power transmission equipment, printed circuits, motors and generators, measuring devices • For a 44 MW project, with 29 individual wind towers: • 6,452 tons of steel • 609 tons of composite fiberglass • 12,470 tons of concrete
“We just make screws and bolts – tower bolts, nacelle bolts, blade bolts – not nuts or anything else. But we think of ourselves as the Cadillac of bolts.” -- Dan Alvarez, product manager, Cardinal Fasteners
Environmental Defense Fund Building and Construction Trades Department (AFL-CIO) International Brotherhood of Boilermakers Industrial Union Council (AFL-CIO) United Association of Plumbers and Pipefitters Project Sponsors:
Project author: Duke University Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness Value chains for 7 climate solutions … LED Lighting Concentrated (Thermal) Solar Auxiliary Power Units Management of hog waste High Performance Windows Waste heat recovery (new) Electric hot water heat pumps (new)
Retailers & Wholesalers Finished Products Components Raw Materials
Silica Nickel Chromium Polystyrene Foam Argon Aluminum Fiberglass Vinyl Lumber Krypton Titanium Dioxide Silver Raw Materials
7 Major Components: Low-e Coatings Flat Glass Spacers Gas Fills Backer Rods Flanges Frames Components
Anderson Jeld-Wen Masonite Int. Pella Atrium Fortune Brands Marvin MI Windows Milgard Ply Gem Weather Shield Finished Products
Retailers & Wholesalers Lowe’s Home Depot 84 Lumber Stock Building Supply Renewal by Anderson Detroit Door Jefferson Door Bee Window Matthew’s Pacific Mutual
Map 1: Top U.S. Component and Window Manufacturers Source: Swanson, John G. (2008, February 1). Top Manufacturers of 2008: It's Been a Tough Year. Windows & Doors.
311 U.S. LED Supplier Firms, 2008 SOURCE: CGGC, based on LEDs Magazine, LED Suppliers Directory 2008
“We chose Cree Xlamp LEDs because they provide industry-leading performance and the provide the reliability and design flexibility needed for this highly visual project.” --XiGuang Fu, executive director Grandar Landscape Lighting and Technology Group
Cree, Inc. Employees, 2002-2008 Source: CGGC, based on Cree, Inc. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, & 2007, 2008 Annual Reports