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Everglades Restoration A Program for Integrated Regional Management. Garth W. Redfield, Ph.D. Chief Environmental Scientist, South Florida Water Management District. Greater Everglades Ecosystem. Orlando. Kissimmee River. St. Lucie River and Estuary. Lake Okeechobee.

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everglades restoration a program for integrated regional management

Everglades RestorationA Program for Integrated Regional Management

Garth W. Redfield, Ph.D.

Chief Environmental Scientist,

South Florida Water Management District

greater everglades ecosystem
Greater Everglades Ecosystem

Orlando

Kissimmee River

St. Lucie River and Estuary

Lake Okeechobee

Caloosahatchee River and Estuary

Water Conservation Areas

Big Cypress National Preserve

Miami

Biscayne Bay National Park

Everglades National Park

Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary

historical problems leading to construction of c sf project

Areas Flooded

in 1926 & 1928

Areas Flooded

in 1947

Historical ProblemsLeading to Construction of C&SF Project
  • Hurricanes in 1926 and 1928 resulted in failure of the levee around Lake Okeechobee
  • Hurricane in 1947 resulted in wide-spread flooding throughout South Florida
  • State of Florida requested Federal assistance in 1947
  • Congress authorized the C&SF Project in 1948
slide5

Central & Southern Florida Project

  • River Channelization
  • Herbert Hoover Dike
  • Water Conservation Areas
  • Protective Levees
    • Everglades Agricultural Area
    • Lower East Coast
  • Drainage Network
    • Salinity Structures
central and southern florida project
Central and Southern Florida Project
  • 2,800 kilometers of canals and levees
  • 160 major drainage basins
  • Over 2,000 water control structures
  • 200 major structures
  • 36 pump stations
c sf project infrastructure
C&SF Project Infrastructure

One of the world’s largest and most complex water resource management systems

system modifications
System Modifications

Historic

Flow

Current

Flow

everglades restoration water management challenges
Everglades Restoration & Water Management Challenges
  • Climate is subtropical with “extremes”
  • Regional system stressed by population & land use
  • Must balance:
    • Multiple water resource objectives
    • Objectives often conflict
an ecosystem in trouble
An Ecosystem in Trouble….
  • Too much or too little water for the South Florida ecosystem
  • 6.4 million cubic meters of water per day is lost to the ocean
  • Declining estuary health
  • Massive reductions in wading bird populations
  • Degradation of water quality
  • Loss of native habitat to invasive exotic vegetation
  • 70 Federally-listed threatened and endangered species
c sf project comprehensive review study
C&SF Project Comprehensive Review Study
  • Study authorized by Congress in the Water Resources Development Act of 1992
  • Study was initiated in June 1993
  • Purpose of Study is to reexamine the C&SF Project to:
    • Restore South Florida ecosystem
    • Enhance water supplies
    • Maintain flood control
interagency team
Interagency Team
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  • South Florida Water Management District
  • Federal agencies
  • State agencies
  • Miccosukee and Seminole Tribes
  • Local governments
on july 1 1999 the secretary of the army and the state of florida presented the plan to congress

Rescuing an Endangered Ecosystem:The Plan to Restore America’s Everglades

The Central and Southern Florida Project Comprehensive Review Study (The Restudy)

July 1999

On July 1, 1999, the Secretary of the Army and the State of Florida presented the Plan to Congress

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

comprehensive everglades restoration plan
Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

Plan includes 68 components to be implemented over 35 years.

getting the water right

Quantity

Quality

Timing

Distribution

Getting the Water Right:

A Rational Premise

or

Risky Assumption

primary goal increase the amount of available water
Primary Goal - Increase the Amount of Available Water

Environment

30%

70%

Environment

50%

50%

Urban & Agricultural

Current Deliveries1.5 Billion Cubic Meters per year

Urban & Agricultural

Deliveries with CERP3 Billion Cubic Meters per year

comprehensive everglades restoration program
Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Program

Orlando

Kissimmee River

Lake

Okeechobee

Wetland

Restoration

West

Palm

Beach

Ft. Myers

Water

Conservation

Areas

Fort

Lauderdale

Big Cypress

National

Preserve

185,000 acres (75,000 hectares)

Miami

Biscayne Bay

Everglades

National

Park

Florida Bay

Florida Keys

comprehensive everglades restoration plan1

Orlando

Kissimmee River

Lake

Okeechobee

West

Palm

Beach

Ft. Myers

Water

Conservation

Areas

Fort

Lauderdale

Big Cypress

National

Preserve

Miami

Biscayne Bay

Everglades

National

Park

Florida Bay

Florida Keys

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

15 Surface Water Storage Reservoirs

Total Storage Capacity:

1.8 billion cubic meters

comprehensive everglades restoration plan2

Orlando

Kissimmee River

Lake

Okeechobee

West

Palm

Beach

Ft. Myers

Water

Conservation

Areas

Fort

Lauderdale

Big Cypress

National

Preserve

Miami

Biscayne Bay

Everglades

National

Park

Florida Bay

Florida Keys

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

Aquifer Storage

and Recovery

330 ASR Wells Possible

3 Pilot Projects in progress

10 wells being installed in the L.O. watershed

Total ASR Capacity:

6 million cubic meters per day

comprehensive everglades restoration plan3

Orlando

Kissimmee River

Lake

Okeechobee

West

Palm

Beach

Ft. Myers

Water

Conservation

Areas

Fort

Lauderdale

Big Cypress

National

Preserve

Miami

Biscayne Bay

Everglades

National

Park

Florida Bay

Florida Keys

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

Seepage Management

comprehensive everglades restoration plan4
Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

Orlando

Kissimmee River

Stormwater Treatment Areas

Lake

Okeechobee

West

Palm

Beach

Ft. Myers

Water

Conservation

Areas

Fort

Lauderdale

Big Cypress

National

Preserve

Miami

22 Treatment Areas

18,000 hectares of wetlands

Biscayne Bay

Everglades

National

Park

Florida Bay

Florida Keys

slide29

Orlando

Kissimmee River

Lake

Okeechobee

West

Palm

Beach

Ft. Myers

Water

Conservation

Areas

Big Cypress

National

Preserve

Fort

Lauderdale

Miami

Biscayne Bay

Everglades

National

Park

Florida Bay

Florida Keys

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

Removing Barriers to Sheet Flow

estimated cost

$

$

$

$

Estimated Cost
  • $10.9 billion over 35 years to implement (2004 dollars)
  • More than $170 million per year to operate and maintain
  • $10 million per year for monitoring and adaptive assessment
  • Cost sharing depends on federal authorization process

Project

Cost Sharing

50%Federal

50%State

wrda 2000 provisions assurance of project benefits
WRDA-2000 ProvisionsAssurance of Project Benefits
  • Reservation of water for the natural system
  • Savings Clause
    • No elimination of existing legal sources
    • No reduction in the level of service for flood protection

January 9, 2002

acceler8 program an interagency commitment
Acceler8 ProgramAn Interagency Commitment

The Federal government agrees to expedite their planning and permitting decisions

Oct 14, 2004

State of Florida commits to fund a $1.6 Billion accelerated restoration effort

acceler8 program early restoration benefits
Acceler8 ProgramEarly Restoration Benefits

To be Constructed by 2010:

  • Over 500 million cubic meters of reservoir storage capacity
  • Over 11,000 hectares of Stormwater Treatment Areas
  • Over 35,000 hectares of natural areas restoration
everglades restoration peer review cisrerp
Everglades Restoration:Peer Review (CISRERP)

National Academy of Sciences, first biennial review, 2006 concludes:

There are successes -

Kissimmee Restoration has worked

Water quality programs are effective

Science is progressing –

MAP is ready for implementation

Good adaptive management strategy

everglades restoration peer review cisrerp1
Everglades Restoration:Peer Review (CISRERP)

National Academy of Sciences, first biennial review, 2006 concludes:

CERP Project Status –

Key projects have been delayed

More federal funding is needed

Improve project planning and funding

Use an Incremental Adaptive Restoration approach to initiating and evaluating projects with large uncertainties

everglades restoration obstacles opportunities
Everglades Restoration:Obstacles & Opportunities

Obstacles:

Massive Scale of Effort; Land Acquisition

Funding; Interagency Cooperation

Technical Limitations

Opportunities:

Restore Valued Regional Resources

Provide Sustainable Balance of Management Objectives

Contribute Information for Large-Scale Restoration Projects Worldwide

www evergladesplan org
www.evergladesplan.org

For more information, visit our Websites

www.evergladesnow.org

slide39

Thank you

Questions ?