english colonization n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
English Colonization PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
English Colonization

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

English Colonization - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 68 Views
  • Uploaded on

English Colonization. 5 REASONS FOR ENGLISH EXPLORATION. 1. Economics: TO MAKE MONEY. A. Mercantilism: an economic system of trade – OR – Colonies existing for the benefit of the mother country. B. New merchant class of people wanted to get rich through overseas trade.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'English Colonization' - cailin-woodward


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
english colonization

English Colonization

5 REASONS FOR ENGLISH

EXPLORATION

1 economics to make money
1. Economics: TO MAKE MONEY
  • A. Mercantilism: an economic system of trade
  • – OR –
  • Colonies existing for the benefit of the mother country
slide3

B. New merchant class of people wanted to get rich through overseas trade.

C. Middle/lower class: wanted a better life because they could not afford to live in England.

D. Unemployed farmers: wanted to own land

2 social
2. SOCIAL

A. Workers/Farmers: wanted to move up the social ladder.

B. English leaders: colonies were a safety valve – a place to send criminals or people causing religious problems.

3 political
3. POLITICAL

A. English subjects: wanted political freedom

WHY??????

Kings ruled by divine right; this took away political freedoms from the citizens.

4 religious dominant religion roman catholic
4. RELIGIOUSdominant religion - Roman Catholic

PROTESTANT REFORMATION:

People spoke up to protest or reform (change)

the Catholic Church

3 MAJOR FIGURES

martin luther 1517
MARTIN LUTHER (1517)
  • Catholic monk who wanted to reform

the Catholic church- posted 95 thesis that

criticized practices in the church.

  • EFFECT: split church:

CATHOLIC AND PROTESTANT

john calvin 1530s
JOHN CALVIN (1530s)
  • He believed in Predestination (CALVINISM)

- belief that God has chosen to send certain

people to heaven and the remainder to hell.

- Decision is said to take place before the universe was created and is purely random.

king henry viii 1534 england
KING HENRY VIII (1534)ENGLAND
  • Split with the Catholic church and developed his own church:

ANGLICAN CHURCH

5 rivalry with spain
5. RIVALRY WITH SPAIN

VS.

  • WHY?????
  • a. Spanish colonies were very successful in bringing wealth and pride to Spain
  • b. Religious issues (Catholic vs. Protestant)
british plan
BRITISH PLAN!!
  • English “Sea Dogs” attacked Spanish ships and ports stealing their gold and silver and returning to England
  • Sir Francis Drake (most successful

Sea Dog)

England attacked Spain for 3 years

spanish revenge 1588
SPANISH REVENGE1588
  • Spanish King Phillip II sent the Spanish Armada (most powerful navy in the world) to conquer England.
  • Fought battle in the English channel; smaller faster English ships defeated the Armada
  • Armada was really hurt by a strong storm
  • Only 67 out of 130 ships made it back to Spain
  • DEFEAT OF THE SPANISH ARMADA
effect
EFFECT
  • a. England would remain independent and Protestant
  • b. Spain’s image was tarnished- they could be defeated
  • c. Opened up seas for England- leading to colonization