African Nationalism and Independence. African protests. WWI ended, but Colonial rule did not generally end as many African leaders had hoped. Pan-Africanism. is a movement that seeks to unify African people or people living in Africa, into a "one African community"
WWI ended, but Colonial rule did not generally end as many African leaders had hoped.
is a movement that seeks to unify African people or people living in Africa, into a "one African community"
Promotes the view that all Black Africans share a common identity
Leopold Senghor of Senegal
Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana
Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya
Founded by the leaders of 32 African states in 1963
Gave support to African groups fighting against colonialism.
Contributed to unity among African nations by settling border disputes.
2007 1/3 of all Sub-Saharan Africans are infected with HIV
Almost all of these newly independent states included widely different ethnic, linguistic and territorial groups.
Rwanda and Burundi became two new countries after Independence.
Ethnic violence plagued Sudan (Africa's largest nation)
Most leaders of the newly independent states came from urban Middle class.
Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya and General Mobutu Sese Seko believed in Western-style capitalism
"The basis of socialism is a belief in the oneness of man and the common historical destiny of mankind. Its basis...is human equality." 1967 Nyerere
1st British colony to gain independence (1957)
There is constant tension between traditional ways and Western Culture.
Old and new, native and foreign living side by side.