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African Nationalism and Independence. African protests. WWI ended, but Colonial rule did not generally end as many African leaders had hoped. Pan-Africanism. is a movement that seeks to unify African people or people living in Africa, into a "one African community"

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Presentation Transcript
african protests
African protests

WWI ended, but Colonial rule did not generally end as many African leaders had hoped.

pan africanism
Pan-Africanism

is a movement that seeks to unify African people or people living in Africa, into a "one African community"

Promotes the view that all Black Africans share a common identity

Leopold Senghor of Senegal

Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana

Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya

organization of african unity oau
Organization of African Unity (OAU)

Founded by the leaders of 32 African states in 1963

Gave support to African groups fighting against colonialism.

Contributed to unity among African nations by settling border disputes.

economic and health problems
Economic and Health problems
  • Poverty widespread – no infrastructure; cash crops for export; dependent on Western tech.
  • High population growth and drought slow economic growth
  • Massive slums
  • Pollution and perpetual traffic jams
economic and health problems cont
Economic and Health problems (cont)

2007 1/3 of all Sub-Saharan Africans are infected with HIV

political challenges
Political Challenges

Almost all of these newly independent states included widely different ethnic, linguistic and territorial groups.

Rwanda and Burundi became two new countries after Independence.

Ethnic violence plagued Sudan (Africa's largest nation)

new nations and new leaders
New Nations and New Leaders

Most leaders of the newly independent states came from urban Middle class.

Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya and General Mobutu Sese Seko believed in Western-style capitalism

african form of socialism
African form of Socialism

"The basis of socialism is a belief in the oneness of man and the common historical destiny of mankind.  Its basis...is human equality."  1967 Nyerere

  • Julius Nyerer of Tanzania
  • Kwame Nkrumaah of Ghana  (believed in Pan-Africanism)
  • Sekou Toure of Guinea
  • Patrice Lumbaba Repbublic of Congo
ghana
Ghana

 Kwame Nkrumah

1st British colony to gain independence (1957)

south africa
South Africa
  • South Africa became independent part of British Commonwealth
  • Afrikaner National Party institutes policy of apartheid in 1948
  • African National Congress was formed in 1912 – Nelson Mandela
    • ANC calls for armed resistance against white South African govt.
    • Mandela is freed by de Klerk under worldwide pressure  apartheid ends; South Africa is independent
society and culture
Society and Culture

There is constant tension between traditional ways and Western Culture.

Old and new, native and foreign living side by side.