Formation of plurals
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Formation of plurals. 1. When the noun ends in a vowel add –s. Ex: cas a cas as cuadern o cuadern os escritori o escritori os 2. When the noun ends in a consonant other than –s, add –es. Ex: colo r color es se ño r señor es árbo l árbol es.

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Formation of plurals

1. When the noun ends in a vowel add –s. Ex: casa casas

cuadernocuadernos

escritorio escritorios

2. When the noun ends in a consonant other than –s, add –es.

Ex: color colores

señor señores

árbol árboles


Formation of plurals

3. When the noun ends with a z, get rid of the z and add –ces.

Ex: lápiz lápices

pez peces

voz voces

4. If a noun ends in –ión or ón, drop the written accent and add –es.

Ex: sillón sillones (si llo nes)

canción canciones (can cio nes)

televisión televisiones (te le vi sio nes)

(They don’t need the written accent because the nouns now follow the accent rule. )


Formation of plurals

5. Some English nouns can be either singular or plural without changing their spelling.

Ex: elk can be either singular or plural. The only way to know is through context. A few Spanish words work the same way.

Ex: paraguas (umbrella)

sacapuntas (pencil sharpener)

crisis (crisis)


Formation of plurals

6. There are some nouns that only exist in the singular form, even though they refer to more than one person or object.

Ex: gente (people)

agua (water)

These nouns have to remain in the singular form.


Ejercicios
Ejercicios form, even though they refer to more than one person or object.

Change the following to the plural form.

  • Silla ____________________

  • Cuaderno ____________________

  • Diccionario ____________________

  • Mochila ____________________

  • Reloj ____________________

  • Camión ____________________


Formation of plurals

7. L form, even though they refer to more than one person or object.ápiz ____________________

8. Baño ____________________

9. Canción ____________________

10. Luz ____________________

11. Mesabanco ____________________

12. Cama ____________________

13. Colegio ____________________

14. Dólar ____________________

15. Ejercicio ____________________

16. Cartel ____________________