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EQUINE FACILITIES PowerPoint Presentation
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EQUINE FACILITIES

EQUINE FACILITIES

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EQUINE FACILITIES

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  1. EQUINE FACILITIES Functions of Equine Housing

  2. Important Points • Provide for safety, health, & comfort of horses • Efficient use of labor • Cost effective • Moderate temperature and humidity • Air movement to keep air clean • Moderate temps above freezing OK if humidity is low

  3. Building Basics • Metal siding – last 15-20 years, subject to damage • Wood siding – stand abuse, but can be eaten • Wood siding offers better insulating value than metal • Masonry walls – little maintenance, initial cost high, difficult to insulate • Metal roofing cheaper, low insulation value

  4. Ventilation • Natural ventilation provided by eaves and ridge vent system – most common and cost effective – Need 4/12 roof slope • Artificial ventilation must provide three levels • Lowest – continuously to meet respiration needs • Intermediate – control temp. & moisture in winter • Maximum – control temp. in summer • Summer ventilation rate – 200 cubic feet per minute air flow at 55 degrees F. Winter rate is 100 cubic feet

  5. Stall Design • Stall Size • Height – 8 feet Alleyways 9 feet • Minimum 10 x 10 feet 12 by 12 preferred • Square stalls prevent lying down near walls where casting may be required • Stallions & foals – 12 by 14 minimum

  6. Stall Design • Walls/ Partitions – Solid at height of 5 to 7 feet • Prevent injury to feet and legs, prevent cribbing (chewing on edges of boards) • Rough cut oak best and strongest material • Pine – cheaper, must be protected • Concrete block east to paint, keep clean

  7. Stall Design • Floors – absorbent, easy to clean, resistant to pawing, non-slippery • Clay/Sand mix cheaper, easily obtained 2/3 clay & 1/3 sand allows drainage • 4 to 5 inches limestone dust make level hard surface • Wooden floors slippery when wet, attract rodents

  8. Stall Design • Concrete floors easy to clean, more bedding needed to soak urine • Concrete often associated with leg problems • Flexible, fiber grade polypropylene designed for strength, support, chemical resistance. Allows drainage with non-skid surface • Other materials – clay, asphalt, rubber floor mats, fiber-reinforced polyethylene interlocking blocks

  9. Equine Facilities Fencing Needs

  10. Fencing Considerations • Safety • Proper design results in less handling stress • Cost • Aesthetics important for community support & property value

  11. Fence Construction • Perimeter fence – Minimum 5 feet height • Paddocks – small pastures / turn out areas Less than 2 acres / horse • Stallion paddocks – double-fenced with lane between two paddocks • Secure boards inside/equine side of post Safety & stronger application

  12. Fencing Materials • Wood Fences – sturdy / can see them • High maintenance cost • Useful life 15-20 years

  13. Fencing Materials • Post & Rail Fence – attractive, expensive to install/maintain • Low/Medium Maintenance, No paint, Consistently secure rails • Useful life 15-20 years

  14. Fencing Materials • Five-diamond V-mesh Wire – Best & Safest Wire • Close weave prevents injury, Safer than boards • Low maintenance, 20-30 years • 10-gauge or heavier

  15. Fencing Materials • Rigid PVC – strong flexible • High initial cost, low maintenance • Life – 20-30 years • Heavy duty 5" x 5" posts • Durable 1.5" x 5.5" or 2" x 6" rails • Locking tabs at the end of each rail • Maintenance Free • Great for arenas • Highly Visible • Lifetime Warranty

  16. Fencing Materials • High Tensile vinyl with 2 or 3 high-tensile wires embedded in 4 to 5” vinyl rail • Flexible, safe, low maintenance • Life – 20-30 years

  17. Fencing Materials • Others – High-Tensile Wire, Rubber Fencing, Galvanized Metal Fencing • NO TWISTED BARBED WIRE