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Grammar overview. ESL 0190 Dr. Tara Narcross Autumn 2012. Types of clauses. Independent clause (IC) Dependent clause (DC). Types of sentences. Simple sentence (IC) Compound sentence (IC + IC) Complex sentence (IC + at least one DC) Compound-complex sentence. Simple sentences.

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Grammar overview

Grammar overview

ESL 0190

Dr. Tara Narcross

Autumn 2012


Types of clauses
Types of clauses

Independent clause (IC)

Dependent clause (DC)


Types of sentences
Types of sentences

Simple sentence (IC)

Compound sentence (IC + IC)

Complex sentence

(IC + at least one DC)

Compound-complex sentence


Simple sentences
Simple sentences

Derek mowed the lawn.

I’m going to the grocery for Mom tomorrow.


Compound sentences
Compound sentences

Derek mowed the lawn and Frank trimmed the shrubs.

I’m going to the grocery for Mom tomorrow and then I’m going to do the laundry.


Coordination
Coordination

Derek mowed the lawn and Frank trimmed the shrubs.

Derek mowed the lawn; Frank trimmed the shrubs.

Derek mowed the lawn; however, he didn’t trim the shrubs.


Comma splice
Comma splice

Derek mowed the lawn, Frank trimmed the shrubs.


Comma splice1
Comma splice

Derek mowed the lawn, Frank trimmed the shrubs.



Types of dependent clauses
Types of dependent clauses

Adjective clause

Adverb clause

Noun clause


Adjective clause
Adjective clause

The woman who is standing in front of the class is the teacher.


Adverb clause
Adverb clause

I will pick up supper before I go home today.

We changed rooms because it was too hot upstairs.


Noun clause
Noun clause

Donna said that she wanted us to come over for a picnic tomorrow.


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