Let’s Play Final Challenge Politics Farmers Immigration Grab Bag 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500
Politics for 100 • Who was William Tweed? 100 He was a corrupt political boss who led Tammany Hall.
Politics for 200 • What services did political machines provide for poor immigrant workers? 200 Just about anything... Help finding work. Help finding housing. Help with the law. Charity… Food, medicine, clothing, etc.
Politics for 300 • Who was Thomas Nast? 300 Thomas Nast was a Republican political cartoonist who was famous for exposing the corruption of the “Tweed Ring.”
Politics for 400 • Name one position that William Jennings Bryan took in the 1896 presidential election. 400 Free Silver... He wanted the government to print money backed, not only by gold, but also by silver. This would cause inflation. Lower tariffs… High tariffs (taxes on imports) made prices higher for consumers (including farmers).
Politics for 500 • Was the Populist Party successful? Why? 500 No. Their presidential candidates never won election, and few Populists won national office. Yes. Much of their party’s platform was adopted and implemented by the Democrats and Republicans.
Farmers for 100 • What law gave free land to farmers as long as they settled on it for 5 years and improved it? 100 The Homestead Act
Farmers for 200 • Why was the Gold Standard bad for farmers? 200 The Gold Standard limited the amount of paper money that could be printed. That made money for valuable (deflation). Deflation made it hard for farmers to pay off their debts.
Farmers for 300 • How did the National Granger (Grangers) attempt to raise crop prices and cut farmers’ costs? 300 The Grange created buying and selling cooperatives in order to exert greater control over prices. It did not fully succeed because it did not address the root causes of the problem (tariffs and overproduction).
Farmers for 400 • What two social groups did the Populists try to unite? 400 The Populist Party Farmers and Workers
Farmers for 500 • Why didn’t workers vote for William Jennings Bryan (the Populist & Democratic? 500 Bryan’s policies would have hurt workers economically. Bryan supported “free silver.” That would have raised workers’ food prices. Bryan opposed tariffs, which helped protect workers’ jobs.
Immigration for 100 • Why did the federal government adopt a policy of “open immigration” prior to 1921? 100 Open Immigration allowed large numbers of immigrants to come to the U.S. This was good for economic development because it created a large pool of cheap, unskilled workers.
Immigration for 200 • How did the Quota Acts (National Origins Act) affect immigration to the U.S.? 200 By setting strict limits on immigration from southern and eastern Europe, and allowing no immigration from Asia or Africa, the laws sharply reduced immigration and effectively ended the “second wave” of immigration.
Immigration for 300 • What two immigrant groups came during the first wave of immigration during the 1840s & 1850s? 300 First Wave (Old Immigrants) Irish Germans
Immigration for 400 • Give two examples of nativism in U.S. history. 400 • Nativism = Anti-Immigrant Feelings • The Know Nothings • Chinese Exclusion Act • The Gentleman’s Agreement • The Quota Acts • The Ku Klux Klan
Immigration for 500 • Which theory of immigrant adaptation would be exemplified by the fact that a “China town” exists in New York City? 500 Cultural Pluralism
Grab Bag for 100 • Why is the late nineteenth century (1800s) often referred to as a “Gilded Age?” 100 Gilded: Fancy on the outside, not as nice on the inside. The U.S. looked good from far away (high economic growth, millionaires, new technology, social mobility), BUT there were many problems (political corruption, poverty, child labor, homelessness, crime, dirty/unsanitary conditions in cities, low crop prices, low wages, violent labor strikes, etc.)
Grab Bag for 200 • What is the difference between a “push” factor and a “pull factor?” 200 Push Factor: Why you leave your original homeland. Pull Factor: Why you move to your new country.
Grab Bag for 300 • What law resulted in the Third Wave of Immigration? 300 The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
Grab Bag for 400 • What was the main purpose of Jacob Riis’ book How the Other Half Lives? 400 To help the urban poor by exposing problems of child labor, homelessness, poverty, crime, etc.
Grab Bag for 500 • Name three parts of the Populist Party’s platform in the 1896 election. 500 • Graduated (Progressive) Income Tax • Gov. ownership of Railroads • 12 Hour Day • Initiative & Referendum • Secret Ballots • Free Silver • Limits on Immigration • Direct Election of U.S. Senators • Civil Service Exams • End Corporate Subsidies
Final Challenge End Game • What is the difference between assimilation and acculturation (the melting pot model)? Write Your Final Challenge Wager In both cases, immigrants adopt the culture of their new country, but with assimilation, they completely give up their native culture without influencing their new culture. With acculturation, the immigrants’ culture changes the dominant culture. TIME’S UP!