Cavendish 1. “ Experimental Philosophy” (empiricism) : observing, studying, experimenting upon and knowing nature. Cartesian. Epicurean. Atomistic Mind-body integrated (coming back into vogue!) Nature as animate Mindfulness. Atomistic Mind/body Nature as a machine
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Mind-body integrated (coming back into vogue!)
Nature as animate
Nature as a machine
Nature as inanimate/”mindless”
Cavendish’s “corporeal figurative motions”
Organic – immanent
“Things themselves” carry within them their own ideal forms
A move toward matter/nature as inorganic, malleable, controllable
But this as much a result of the charges against science as a kind of mysticism and witchcraft (alchemy etc)….
Poem: “A Dialogue Between an Oake, And A Man Cutting Him Down”
Handout and pp. 258-263
Tree would only be spared if it could attain divine perfection…
A human project for which the tree is not equipped
Both Blazing World (1666) and New Atlantis (1627)
Are “science fiction” utopias (dystopias)
Bacon = first model society based on empirical science
Cavendish = a counter-utopia; and a satire of Bacon
ideally perfect state; especially in its social and political and institutional aspects
They can be alternative or resistant to technoscience or embrace the idea of perfection through technoscience…
“The Prolongation of Life.
The Restitution of Youth in some Degree.
The Retardation of Age.
The Curing of Diseases counted Incurable.
The Mitigation of Paine.
More Easing and Less Loathsome Purgings.
The Increasing of Strength and Activitie.
The increasing of Ability to suffer Toruture or Paine.” The New Atlantis
“Not any particular state, kingdom or common wealth was contented with their own shares but endeavored to encroach upon their neighbors and that their greatest glory was in plunder and slaughter and yet their victories less than their expenses and their losses more than their gains, but their being over come in manner their utter ruine.” Blazing World