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Cavendish 1. “ Experimental Philosophy” (empiricism) : observing, studying, experimenting upon and knowing nature. Cartesian. Epicurean. Atomistic Mind-body integrated (coming back into vogue!) Nature as animate Mindfulness. Atomistic Mind/body Nature as a machine

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experimental philosophy empiricism observing studying experimenting upon and knowing nature
“Experimental Philosophy” (empiricism): observing, studying, experimenting upon and knowingnature

Cartesian

Epicurean

Atomistic

Mind-body integrated (coming back into vogue!)

Nature as animate

Mindfulness

Atomistic

Mind/body

Nature as a machine

Nature as inanimate/”mindless”

Cavendish’s “corporeal figurative motions”

aristotle and plato
Aristotle and Plato

Platonic

Metaphysical

Ideals/copies

Transcendence

Aristotlean

Organic – immanent

“Things themselves” carry within them their own ideal forms

experimental philosophy
Experimental Philosophy

A move toward matter/nature as inorganic, malleable, controllable

Non-animate….

But this as much a result of the charges against science as a kind of mysticism and witchcraft (alchemy etc)….

cavendish and animate organic nature
Cavendish and animate/organic nature

Poem: “A Dialogue Between an Oake, And A Man Cutting Him Down”

Handout and pp. 258-263

slide11

Tree’s argument to “simple be” is lost on the logger…

Tree would only be spared if it could attain divine perfection…

A human project for which the tree is not equipped

bacon and cavendish
Bacon and Cavendish

Both Blazing World (1666) and New Atlantis (1627)

Are “science fiction” utopias (dystopias)

Bacon = first model society based on empirical science

Cavendish = a counter-utopia; and a satire of Bacon

utopia
Utopia

ideally perfect state; especially in its social and political and institutional aspects

Nostalgia

Perfection

They can be alternative or resistant to technoscience or embrace the idea of perfection through technoscience…

bacon
Bacon

“The Prolongation of Life.

The Restitution of Youth in some Degree.

The Retardation of Age.

The Curing of Diseases counted Incurable.

The Mitigation of Paine.

More Easing and Less Loathsome Purgings.

The Increasing of Strength and Activitie.

The increasing of Ability to suffer Toruture or Paine.” The New Atlantis

cavendish
Cavendish

“Not any particular state, kingdom or common wealth was contented with their own shares but endeavored to encroach upon their neighbors and that their greatest glory was in plunder and slaughter and yet their victories less than their expenses and their losses more than their gains, but their being over come in manner their utter ruine.” Blazing World