Responder Safety Awareness Training Aid. For All-Hazards Response. Table of Contents. Introduction 1 Physical & Chemical Hazards Falls 4 Driving & traffic 7 Electrical 12 Chainsaw operation 14 Eye injuries 16 Confined spaces 17 Structural integrity/collapse 19
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For All-Hazards Response
Employers and workers have responsibilities under the
Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act.
If there is an emergency field:
Every year in the U.S. there are 15,000 fire apparatus accidents. Accidents range from open doors being knocked off to incidents that have resulted in 5,500 lost-time firefighter injuries. Cost: > $7 billion.
Advance Warning Area
What is a Confined Space (CS)?
What is a Permit-Required CS?
Any other recognizable hazardous environment
Your Safety Officer Must Approve Confined Space Entry!!!!
Questions to ask:
Collapse may be the result of earthquakes, wind, or flooding.
In 1935, while at the Seismological Laboratory, Charles Richter worked with Beno Gutenberg
to develop a rating scale for earthquakes. The scale has become known as the
Richter Scale. The scale had the following classifications for earthquakes and their severity:
For decades, the Richter Scale proved to be the accepted measurement for earthquakes. In
recent years, scientists have begun to use the Moment Magnitude Scale, which is much more
precise than the Richter Scale. http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=2666
The greatest likelihood of a major earthquake is in:
Massachusetts, North Carolina, and South Carolina.
Fifteen percent of the U.S. population lives in zones of
potential major disaster.
Source: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 017-03
The following increase risk of structural collapse:
and/or overhead risks.
have been on the property.
Take extra precaution when working in these areas. Follow safe work practices and wear appropriate PPE, such as hard hat, work clothes, safety shoes, gloves, safety glasses, and respirator.
on unstable ground.
forks or blades of heavy equipment.
What to do:
Know the area you are working in.
Find higher ground.
Wear personal floatation device.
Do not cross rapid moving water.
Do not wear turnout gear.
Alert the supervisor and request medical assistance.
Move the victim into a warm area.
Remove wet clothing.
Warm the core area first.
After body temp increases, keep the patient warm and dry.
If no pulse, begin CPR and request ALS treatment.
Frost Bite Symptoms
Get into a warm room as soon as possible.
Unless absolutely necessary, do not walk on frostbitten feet or toes.
Immerse the affected area in warm - not hot – water.
Warm the affected area using body heat.
Do not rub or massage the frostbitten area.
Do not use a heating pad, heat lamp, or the heat of a stove, fireplace, or radiator for warming.
you can hear victims.
hazardous chemicals were everywhere!
Hazard specific as identified by supervisor or safety officer.Potential Chemical Exposures
at the beach
it's a bush
where it grows
Poison Ivy & Oak
- Train workers on hazardous plant recognition
- Use gloves and wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts when possibility of contacting poisonous plants.
TEN STANDARD FIRE ORDERS
4. Identify escape routes and safety zones and make them
5. Post lookouts when there is possible danger.
IF YOU CONSIDERED 1 THROUGH 9, THEN
10. Fight fire aggressively, having provided for safety first.
WATCH OUT SITUATIONS
1. All personnel need to be informed
2. Update throughout the shift
5. Safety Zone (No Shelters Needed)
The content of this booklet was adapted from training tools entitled:
Safety Awareness for Responders to Hurricanes: Protecting Yourself While Helping Others
NIEHS Earthquake Response Training Tool: Protecting Yourself While Responding to Earthquakes
These tools were developed by by the National Clearinghouse for Worker Safety and Health Training. The National Clearinghouse is funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences’ Worker Education and Training Program. The National Clearinghouse is operated under NIEHS contract 273-05-C-0017 by MDB, Inc.
These and other helpful resources are available at http://tools.niehs.nih.gov/wetp