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United States and Spanish/Mexican frontier experiences:. The respective societies and their distinct approaches to settlement of frontier zones. Frontier Contrasts. David Weber discusses the contrasting frontier conditions and experiences of the United States and Spanish/Mexican societies.

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united states and spanish mexican frontier experiences

United States and Spanish/Mexican frontier experiences:

The respective societies and their distinct approaches to settlement of frontier zones

frontier contrasts
Frontier Contrasts
  • David Weber discusses the contrasting frontier conditions and experiences of the United States and Spanish/Mexican societies.
  • This summary includes this experience from the seventeenth through early nineteenth centuries,
  • And includes five important distinctions that indicate the ways in which the respective societies conducted and perceived of frontier settlements.
attitude and treatment of the indigenous people
Attitude and Treatment of the Indigenous People:
  • United States: indigenous as obstacles, to be segregated, isolated from white society. Utilized segregationist policies: reservations, genocide, 19th century Indian Removal Acts.
  • Spanish/Mexican policies: viewed the indigenous as valuable assets as labor and for conversion,
  • Integrative approach, inclusion through Spanish policies such as: Ordinances of 1573, Luis de Velasco, mestizaje
  • Creates the “heterogeneous society” through vast racial miscegenation.
the role of established religion
The Role of Established Religion
  • United States: church plays minor or insignificant role in the initial phases of settlement, operated unofficially
  • Spanish/Mexican society: prominent involvement as a co-partner in expansion and settlement due to its responsibilities to integrate and convert indigenous people.
  • Examples: Luis de Velasco, Portola expedition, Kino, Serra, Reglamento Provisional.
method of settlement
Method of Settlement
  • United States: generally chaotic, individual, and without institutional order or support.
  • Spanish/Mexican: organized, planned, regulated, institutional patterns.
  • Examples: Pino, Velasco, Ordinances of 1573, Echeveste Regulations, Arizpe/Ortiz.
motive for settlement
Motive for Settlement
  • United States: lure of free land, cheap lands, population pressures.
  • Spanish/Mexican: strategic, buffer zone, religious and defensive motives,
  • Examples: Pedro Bautista Pino, Texas, California
environmental conditions
Environmental Conditions
  • United States: Lands of abundance,
  • Spanish/Mexican: lands of scarcity, deserts, encomienda, communal lands, Baeza, Marquis/Ortiz.