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Thomas Jefferson

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  1. Thomas Jefferson Years in Office: 1801-1809

  2. Resume After attending College of William & Mary, Jefferson became a lawyer. He was then elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. He was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence. He served as governor of Virginia during the Revolution. He served as minister to France. He worked as George Washington’s secretary of state, as John Adams’s vice president America’s third president. He was responsible for the Louisiana Purchase.

  3. One of the things he’s most proud of…Founder of The University of Virginia The only university to be founded by a President

  4. Home in VirginiaMonticelloDesigned by TJ Monticello

  5. He was a violinist, architect, farmer, scholar, a horseman, and an inventor Moldboard Plow of Least Resistance Polygraph machine for copying documents Wheel cipher to encode and decode messages

  6. Another Invention • Macaroni making machine • Myth that he brought “macaroni and cheese” to America. • Swivel chair

  7. The Beginning • March 4, 1801 • Thomas Jefferson is the first President inaugurated in the new capital city of Washington D.C. • He delivers his first inaugural address. This address outlines what he feels are the essential principles of government.

  8. First Inaugural Address • Essential Principles of Government • “equal and exact justice to all men” • “peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations” • “the support of state governments” • “the preservation of general government” • punishment for those who choose to revolt • compliance with the decisions of the majority

  9. First Inaugural Address • Essential Principles of Government Cont… • “a well disciplined militia” • honest payment of debts • maintaining a sound economy • proper distribution of information • freedom of religion • freedom of the press

  10. Election of 1800 Adams & Pinckney vs. Jefferson & Burr Flaws in the electoral college exposed Jefferson and Burr end up in tie House of Representatives decides on Jefferson 12th Amendment ratified 1804 stipulates that electors make a choice between selections of President and Vice President video

  11. Louisiana PurchaseGreatest real estate deal in history $15 million (4 cents an acre)

  12. Late in Life Retired from office in 1809 Went back to Monticello. He never again left the state of Virginia Sold his extensive library to government of the US to restart the Library of Congress, which had been burned during the War of 1812 by British

  13. RIP Jefferson died at Monticello on July 4, 1826 the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. John Adams died later that same day They were the only 2 signers of the Declaration of Independence who were elected President

  14. Epitaph Jefferson designed his own tombstone and epitaph Here was buried Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, of the Statute of Virginia for religious freedom, and the Father of the University of Virginia. Comment on what is included and what is omitted

  15. Where do we see Thomas Jefferson today? • $2 bill • Nickel • Jefferson Memorial • Mount Rushmore • University of Virginia

  16. Activity You have been selected to design a new postage stamp honoring a Thomas Jefferson. What will you draw? OR Write an epitaph for one of the Following figures: President Obama An athlete of your choice A famous musician of your choice Other public figure of your choice

  17. SECTION 1 continuedJefferson’s Presidency John Marshall and the Supreme Court • Marbury v. Madison: Jefferson says judges appointed by Adams invalid • Chief Justice John Marshall declares part of Judiciary Act unconstitutional • Judicial review—Supreme Court decides if laws are constitutional NEXT