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Build Your Own PC. Arianto Gunawan CS 147 Fall 2004. Main Components. CPU (Intel and AMD) Hard Drive (IDE and SCSI) Motherboard Memory Power Supply Video Card. Other components. Computer case Monitor CD or DVD drive Floppy drive Speakers. Auxiliary Components. Sound card Printer

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build your own pc

Build Your Own PC

Arianto Gunawan

CS 147

Fall 2004

main components
Main Components
  • CPU (Intel and AMD)
  • Hard Drive (IDE and SCSI)
  • Motherboard
  • Memory
  • Power Supply
  • Video Card
other components
Other components
  • Computer case
  • Monitor
  • CD or DVD drive
  • Floppy drive
  • Speakers
auxiliary components
Auxiliary Components
  • Sound card
  • Printer
  • Web cam
  • Surround speakers
  • USB Flash drive
first step choosing the cpu
First Step: Choosing the CPU
  • Intel or AMD?
    • AMD is more cost effective
    • AMD takes less power consumption
    • Older AMD models are more sensitive to heat
    • Intel processors are generally better for multitasking
2 nd step choosing motherboard
2nd Step: Choosing Motherboard
  • Each CPU has its own socket
    • AMD Athlon XP = Socket A
    • AMD Athlon 64 = Socket 754, 940, or 939
    • AMD Sempron = Socket 754
    • Intel Pentium 4 = Socket 775 or 478
    • Intel Celeron = Socket 775 or 478
  • Be sure to get a motherboard that supports your CPU’s socket
choosing a motherboard cont d
Choosing a Motherboard (cont’d)
  • Determine how much memory you are going to buy, motherboards can support memory ranging from 2GB to 4GB
  • Determine the type of your Video card, some video cards requires PCI/PCI express slot. But generally, most video cards requires an AGP slot.
3 rd step adding memory
3rd Step: Adding Memory
  • After choosing a motherboard, consult your motherboard’s manual to find out which memory type is supported
  • Good memory brands: Mushkin, Corsair, Samsung
  • Value memory brand: Kingston
4 th step choosing a video card
4th Step: Choosing a Video Card
  • Depends on what type of computer you want to build
  • For general purpose computer, a GeForce MX card should be sufficient.
  • For multimedia and gaming, a GeForce 6600 or ATi X700 should be enough
  • For extreme 3D gaming, a GeForce 6800 or ATi X800 is recommended
hard drive
Hard Drive
  • IDE or SCSI?
    • IDE is a lot cheaper
    • SCSI is faster
    • IDE drives generally has more storage
    • Unless you need speed, go with IDE
monitor
Monitor
  • CRT or LCD?
    • CRT is less expensive
    • CRT generally has higher refresh rate
    • LCD takes up less space
    • LCD produces less heat
    • LCD requires less power
    • In the long run, LCD is more cost effective
power supply
Power Supply
  • In general buying a 350W power supply is enough for most computers
  • But if you plan to build a multimedia computer, get a power supply with higher power rating, preferably 400+W
where to buy
Where to Buy?
  • Research first
    • Figure out the system you want to buy
    • www.tomshardware.com
    • www.xbitlabs.com
    • www.anandtech.com
  • Shop smart
    • www.techbargains.com
    • www.pricewatch.com
references
References
  • www.tomshardware.com
  • www.anandtech.com
  • www.xbitlabs.com
  • www.amd.com
  • www.intel.com