United States History. Unit Review The Great Depression and the New Deal. Question 1. Which was an effect of the Great Depression on the American economy? high unemployment and overproduction l arge business investments and low taxes t oo much money in circulation and high stock prices
The Great Depression and the New Deal
Which was an effect of the Great Depression on the American economy?
high unemployment and overproduction
large business investments and low taxes
too much money in circulation and high stock prices
high unemployment and falling real estate values
What was a major cause of the Great Depression?
prior overproduction of manufactured goods
a decrease in the supply of consumer goods
an increase in demand for imported products
an increase in the price of wheat on the world market
The New Deal changed American political thinking because it was based on the principle that the
economy will fix itself if left alone.
federal government should attempt to solve social and economic problems.
political parties must work together to deal with national problems.
states should take a leadership position in solving social issues.
What was Roosevelt’s goal in creating the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)?
stimulate economic growth
increase the government’s tax revenue
provide jobs for the unemployed
restore the public’s faith in financial institutions
Which region of the United States suffered most directly from the Dust Bowl?
“The tools of government which we have in 1933 are outmoded. We have to forge new tools for a new role of government in a democracy—a role of new responsibility for new needs and increased responsibility for old needs, long neglected.”
Why did President Roosevelt make this statement?
to support a renewal of laissez-faire economics
to secure aid for democratic countries in Europe
to justify an increase in the number of Supreme Court Justices
to explain his New Deal programs
Most conservatives who opposed Roosevelt’s policies believed that the New Deal was
endangering the free enterprise system.
threatening national security.
ignoring problems faced by rural Americans.
failing to enact needed social welfare reforms.
During the New Deal period, Congress blocked Roosevelt’s attempt to
pay farmers not to produce crops.
decrease federal spending.
regulate the banking industry.
appoint additional justices to the Supreme Court.
What is the primary function of the Federal Reserve System?
to prevent abuses in stock market trading
to preserve competition in business
to provide a stable supply of money and credit
to insure savings account deposits in member banks
One difference between the administrations of President Roosevelt and President Hoover was that Roosevelt was
unwilling to allow government agencies to establish jobs programs.
unable to win congressional support for his economic program.
able to ignore economic issues for most of his first term in office.
more willing to use government intervention to solve economic problems.
Which was an example of appeasement?
the U.S. Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937
the conquest of Poland in 1939
the entry of the United States into World War II in 1941
the agreement of Britain and France to give Germany the Sudetenland in 1938
“I also ask this Congress for authority and for funds sufficient to manufacture additional munitions and war supplies to be turned over to those nations which are now at war with aggressor nations.”
Which program was President Roosevelt proposing in this speech?
The New Deal
Which factor best explains the decline in the number of bank failures by 1937?
New banking laws restored public confidence in banks.
Most people were too poor to have any bank savings.
The government was now operating all of the nation’s banks.
Most Americans transferred their savings to foreign banks.
What problem were both the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) developed to address?
excessive stock market speculation
increased use of credit
limited income of senior citizens
Which economic factor contributed directly to the start of the Great Depression?
low worker productivity
decreasing tariff rates
high income taxes
buying stocks on margin
During the New Deal, how did the federal government attempt to improve conditions for farmers?
by ending the practice of sharecropping
by supporting the formation of farm worker unions
by raising tariffs on farm imports
by paying farmers for their crops
Which aspect of the New Deal was a continuation of Progressive Era policies?
free health care for all Americans
government regulation of business activities
restoration of the cultural traditions of Native Americans
government purchase of surplus farm products
After the election of 1932, a friend told Franklin D. Roosevelt that if he succeeded, he would go down in history as the greatest American President. Roosevelt replied, “Yet if I fail, I may be the last one.” This response reflected the fear that the
Constitution limited him to two terms in the Presidency.
Great Depression threatened the people’s faith in democracy.
military was considering a takeover of the government.
American people were opposed to major changes in the role of government.
What was the main intent of the Mexican Repatriation Act?
to send Mexican immigrants back to Mexico
to encourage Mexican immigrants to work in the United States
to eliminate discrimination against Mexican-Americans
to grant citizenship to Mexicans living in the U.S. for 5 years
Which most accurately characterizes the policy followed by the United States in the years between World War I and World War II?
isolation from European military conflicts
containment of Communism
active membership in the League of Nations
military alliances with France and Great Britain