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United States History. Unit Review The Great Depression and the New Deal. Question 1. Which was an effect of the Great Depression on the American economy? high unemployment and overproduction l arge business investments and low taxes t oo much money in circulation and high stock prices

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united states history

United States History

Unit Review

The Great Depression and the New Deal

question 1
Question 1

Which was an effect of the Great Depression on the American economy?

high unemployment and overproduction

large business investments and low taxes

too much money in circulation and high stock prices

high unemployment and falling real estate values

question 2
Question 2

What was a major cause of the Great Depression?

prior overproduction of manufactured goods

a decrease in the supply of consumer goods

an increase in demand for imported products

an increase in the price of wheat on the world market

question 3
Question 3

The New Deal changed American political thinking because it was based on the principle that the

economy will fix itself if left alone.

federal government should attempt to solve social and economic problems.

political parties must work together to deal with national problems.

states should take a leadership position in solving social issues.

question 4
Question 4

What was Roosevelt’s goal in creating the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)?

stimulate economic growth

increase the government’s tax revenue

provide jobs for the unemployed

restore the public’s faith in financial institutions

question 5
Question 5

Which region of the United States suffered most directly from the Dust Bowl?

Southwest

Pacific Northwest

Rocky Mountains

Great Plains

question 6
Question 6

“The tools of government which we have in 1933 are outmoded. We have to forge new tools for a new role of government in a democracy—a role of new responsibility for new needs and increased responsibility for old needs, long neglected.”

Why did President Roosevelt make this statement?

to support a renewal of laissez-faire economics

to secure aid for democratic countries in Europe

to justify an increase in the number of Supreme Court Justices

to explain his New Deal programs

question 7
Question 7

Most conservatives who opposed Roosevelt’s policies believed that the New Deal was

endangering the free enterprise system.

threatening national security.

ignoring problems faced by rural Americans.

failing to enact needed social welfare reforms.

question 8
Question 8

During the New Deal period, Congress blocked Roosevelt’s attempt to

pay farmers not to produce crops.

decrease federal spending.

regulate the banking industry.

appoint additional justices to the Supreme Court.

question 9
Question 9

What is the primary function of the Federal Reserve System?

to prevent abuses in stock market trading

to preserve competition in business

to provide a stable supply of money and credit

to insure savings account deposits in member banks

question 10
Question 10

One difference between the administrations of President Roosevelt and President Hoover was that Roosevelt was

unwilling to allow government agencies to establish jobs programs.

unable to win congressional support for his economic program.

able to ignore economic issues for most of his first term in office.

more willing to use government intervention to solve economic problems.

question 11
Question 11

Which was an example of appeasement?

the U.S. Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937

the conquest of Poland in 1939

the entry of the United States into World War II in 1941

the agreement of Britain and France to give Germany the Sudetenland in 1938

question 12
Question 12

“I also ask this Congress for authority and for funds sufficient to manufacture additional munitions and war supplies to be turned over to those nations which are now at war with aggressor nations.”

Which program was President Roosevelt proposing in this speech?

The New Deal

Neutrality Act

Cash-and-carry

Lend-Lease

question 13
Question 13

Which factor best explains the decline in the number of bank failures by 1937?

New banking laws restored public confidence in banks.

Most people were too poor to have any bank savings.

The government was now operating all of the nation’s banks.

Most Americans transferred their savings to foreign banks.

question 14
Question 14

What problem were both the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) developed to address?

excessive stock market speculation

high unemployment

increased use of credit

limited income of senior citizens

question 15
Question 15

Which economic factor contributed directly to the start of the Great Depression?

low worker productivity

decreasing tariff rates

high income taxes

buying stocks on margin

question 16
Question 16

During the New Deal, how did the federal government attempt to improve conditions for farmers?

by ending the practice of sharecropping

by supporting the formation of farm worker unions

by raising tariffs on farm imports

by paying farmers for their crops

question 17
Question 17

Which aspect of the New Deal was a continuation of Progressive Era policies?

free health care for all Americans

government regulation of business activities

restoration of the cultural traditions of Native Americans

government purchase of surplus farm products

question 18
Question 18

After the election of 1932, a friend told Franklin D. Roosevelt that if he succeeded, he would go down in history as the greatest American President. Roosevelt replied, “Yet if I fail, I may be the last one.” This response reflected the fear that the

Constitution limited him to two terms in the Presidency.

Great Depression threatened the people’s faith in democracy.

military was considering a takeover of the government.

American people were opposed to major changes in the role of government.

question 19
QUESTION 19

What was the main intent of the Mexican Repatriation Act?

to send Mexican immigrants back to Mexico

to encourage Mexican immigrants to work in the United States

to eliminate discrimination against Mexican-Americans

to grant citizenship to Mexicans living in the U.S. for 5 years

question 20
Question 20

Which most accurately characterizes the policy followed by the United States in the years between World War I and World War II?

isolation from European military conflicts

containment of Communism

active membership in the League of Nations

military alliances with France and Great Britain