VIETNAM WAR - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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VIETNAM WAR

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  1. VIETNAM WAR

  2. 1950 • President Truman gives $10 million in aid to the French fighting the communist Vietnamese forces led by Ho Chi Minh

  3. 1954 • France lose war • Vietnam split in half • North controlled by commie leader H.C. Minh • U.S. becomes main supporter of S. Vietnam

  4. 1961 • Kennedy send thousands of military “advisors” to South Vietnam

  5. 1963 • Sixty U.S. “advisors” are killed in action

  6. 1964 • North Vietnamese gunboats attack a U.S. naval ship • President Johnson asks Congress to pass the Tonkin Gulf Resolution Gives the President authority to use unlimited military force in Vietnam

  7. 1965 • U.S. begins bombing of North Vietnam

  8. 1967 • President Johnson increases ground troops to 500,000 • Young drafted soldiers did one year “tour of duty” • Weapons no match for guerilla tactics of Vietcong

  9. Vietcong • South Vietnamese who were loyal to & fought for Communist North Vietnam

  10. Agent Orange • A leaf-killing pesticide

  11. 1968 • Vietcong launch the Tet Offensive • Communist forces launched an all-out attack against targeted cities in S. Vietnam • TV showed huge gains for Commie’s • My Lai Massacre • Increase of anti-war protest back in U.S. • Low morale among U.S. troops • MLK Jr. & Robert Kennedy assassinated

  12. Doves vs. Hawks DOVES Wanted Peace HAWKS Wanted War

  13. Hippies & the Counterculture • People against the war • Preached love & nonviolence • Adopted a style of life & dress that offended older people • Hair long • Taking drugs • Valued personal honesty & creativity • Opposed marriage, patriotism & business Only a minority

  14. Credibility Gap • Two different sides were being presented to the public • Government’s view vs. Public’s view Kent St. Protest – 4 killed; National guard opened fire on peaceful demonstration

  15. Anti-war Groups • SDS • Weathermen

  16. 1969 • Richard Nixon starts to withdraw troops • It’s call Vietnamization • Gradual withdrawal of troops from Vietnam 1970 – Nixon orders invasion & bombings of Cambodia

  17. 1971 – NY Times v. U.S. • NY Times wanted to publish the Pentagon Papers, which was U.S. foreign policy on Vietnam. • Fed. Gov’t sues to stop publication for security reasons • Supreme Court rules in favor of NY Times • Victory for freedom of the press

  18. 1973 – War Powers Act • W/in 48 hrs. of sending troops into combat, Pres. must inform Congress of the reasons for the action • If U.S. troops are involved in fighting abroad more than 90 days, the Pres. must obtain Congress’s approval for continuing the use of troops

  19. 1975 • South Vietnam invaded by North Vietnam • Communists takeover and unite the two

  20. Overall Costs • 58,000 died • 365,000 wounded • $150 billion • Strain on U.S. economy • National debt increases

  21. President Richard Nixon 1969-1974

  22. Domestic • Decreased the size & influence of the Federal Gov’t • Believed LBJ’s Great Society gave the Fed. Gov’t too much power

  23. New Federalism • Distribute a portion of federal power to state and local gov’ts

  24. Staflation • High inflation and high unemployment • Deficit spending • International • Minorities • Foreign oil

  25. SALT I • Froze the number of strategic ballistic missile launchers at existing levels

  26. Realpolitik • “Real Politics” • Foreign policy based on what is really happen and not ideology/fantasy

  27. China

  28. 26th Amendment • 18 year olds the right to vote

  29. Watergate • President Nixon orders a break-in into Democratic Party national headquarters

  30. US v. Nixon • Pres. Nixon refuses to give up Oval Office tapes as evidence of his knowledge of the Watergate break-in. • “Above the law”

  31. EPA