GEOG 101: Day 20. Sustainable Cities. Housekeeping Items. Committee of the Whole City Council Meeting at 4:30 today in Shaw Auditorium, Convention Centre. Colliery Dam park is on the agenda.
Definitions of homelessness vary dramatically. Are you homeless if your lack of shelter is “voluntary”? What if you are unable to maintain a job and home because of mental illness or an addiction? Are you homeless if you live in wholly inadequate housing? (What if the “housing” is a cardboard box or a shipping crate?) Are you homeless if you are a transient worker, sleeping each night, for example, at the construction site where you will work the next day?
Can you think of some ways in which environmental change could cause homelessness, perhaps on a temporary basis? How do environmental change and environmental hazards make life difficult for homeless people? Try to think beyond the borders of the familiar, and consider what life is like for homeless people in the developing world.
Are there homeless people in the town or city where you are living? If you think not, look again. Many homeless people are “invisible,” either because they prefer to keep a low profile or because we choose not to see them.
Zoning = practice of classifying areas for different types of development and land use
Zoning gives planners a means of guiding what gets built where
Opponents say that zoning’s government restriction violates individual freedoms
Proponents say government can set limits for the good of the community
[Zoning is often misused]
Imagine you own a 5-ha parcel of land that you want to sell for housing development – but the local zoning board rezones the land so as to prohibit the development. How would you respond?
Now imagine that you live next to someone else’s undeveloped 5-ha parcel. You enjoy the privacy it provides – but the local zoning board rezones the land so that it can be developed into a dense housing subdivision. How would you respond?
McKenzie Towne in
_______ occurred as a result of deteriorating conditions in the inner cities
a) Movement to suburbs
b) Movement to rural areas
c) Development of inner cities
d) Decentralization of city management
“Sprawl” is defined as…?
a) Increased resource extraction from rural areas
b) Creating more livable cities
c) The spread of low-density development outward from an urban center
d) The spread of high-density development outward from an urban center
Which of the following is NOT a cause of urban sprawl?
a) People like their privacy
b) Technology allows people to work from home
c) Technology frees businesses from having to be located in the city
d) All of the above are causes of sprawl
City planning tries to design cities so they….
a) Maximize their efficiency and beauty
b) Maximize their efficiency, even at the expense of their beauty
c) Maximize their beauty, even at the expense of their efficiency
d) Increase the tax base for needed infrastructure
Urban growth boundaries….
a) Encourage development in the suburbs
b) Can be implemented only in wealthier cities
c) Keeps growth within existing urbanized areas
d) Are no longer a viable option for U.S. cities
In “new urbanism,” cities are designed around…?
a) Mass transit
b) Cars and highways
d) All of the above
Which statement is false, regarding cities?
a) They must import resources from far away
b) They rely on large expanses of land for ecosystem services
c) People living in cities feel more connected to nature, particularly since TV
d) Cities tend to concentrate people, allowing for more efficient consumption of resources
What major conclusion can be drawn from this graph?
a) Urbanization will decrease in less developed regions
b) Urbanization will decrease in more developed regions
c) Urbanization will increase most rapidly in less developed regions
d) Urbanization will increase most rapidly in more developed regions
What result can be anticipated from the following type of development?
a) Urban sprawl will increase
b) Urban sprawl will decrease
c) People will leave this area and move back to the city
d) People will suffer stress from overcrowding