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Christian Doctrine: The Our Father POWERPOINT 1B. Prayer of the Week The Lord’s Prayer.

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prayer of the week the lord s prayer
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. BillingsPrayer of the WeekThe Lord’s Prayer

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

red letter points ppt 1b
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. BillingsRed Letter Points – PPT 1B
  • Why is the Our Father so important (give three points)?
  • List and explain the seven petitions of the Our Father.
  • List some of the OT roots of the Lord’s prayer.
  • Terms to know:
    • Kaddish; Abba; ipsissimavox; Hallowed; Pater Noster
slide4
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

Pater Noster Church, Jerusalem (image)

slide5
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. Billings

Pater Noster Church,

Jerusalem

(image)

The Lord’s Prayer in many languages of the world – most prayed prayer in the world?

why is the our father so important give three points
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. BillingsWhy is the Our Father so important (give three points)?

1) ) It contains Jesus’ personal teaching:

  • This is more than a Gospel “account” (“according to…”) – it is taught by Jesus himself.

2) It contains Jesus’ very words:

“This term abbais an ipsissimavox (very words) of Jesus…”: many quotations may paraphrase, but these words are directly from Him

3) It summarizes basics of teaching of Christ

  • “…the Lord’s Prayer is the clearest and, in spite of its terseness, the most comprehensive summary of Jesus’ proclamation which we possess.” (J. Jeremias)
list and explain the seven petitions of the our father
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. BillingsList and explain the seven petitions of the Our Father.
  • “Thy name be hallowed” (may God’s holiness be revered)
  • “Thy kingdom come” (may God’s authority be over us)
  • “Thy will be done” (may God’s will shape our lives; not our wills)
  • “Give us this day our daily bread” (may God supply our need)
  • “Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive…”
    • (repentance, forgiveness are basic to Christ)
  • “Lead us not into temptation” (we need guidance in difficult world)
  • “Deliver us from evil” (much is at stake: good versus evil)
the lord s p rayer expresses the faith of the ot old testament give evidence
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. BillingsThe Lord’s Prayer expresses the faith of the OT (Old Testament) – give evidence.

(1) God long called “Father” in OT (Old Testament): Jesus expresses that faith

  • “Look down from heaven and see, from thy holy and glorious habitation… thou art our father” (Isaiah 63:15-16)

(2) God long seen as supplying our food: Jesus fulfills that faith

  • “…feed me with the food that is needful for me…” (Proverbs 30:8); “Bread of Presence” in OT worship; constant theme (e.g., manna) of God supplying our needs

(3) Forgiveness and repentance in OT: Jesus completes that forgiveness

  • “Forgive your neighbor the wrong he has done… your sins will be pardoned…” (Sirach 28:2)

(4) Theme of God’s “kingdom” also in OT: Jesus draws on that understanding

“Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty; for all that is in the heavens and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all.” (1 Chronicles 29:11)

(5) Prayer is similar: strong resemblance of Our Father to the “Kaddish”

    • A central Jewish prayer (see following slide)
the kaddish
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. BillingsThe Kaddish

“…May His great name be exalted and sanctified is God's great namein the world which He created according to His will! May He establish His kingdom and may His salvation blossom and His anointed be near during your lifetime and during your days and during the lifetimes of all the House of Israel, speedily and very soon!”

- “Kaddish is an ancient Jewish prayer”; “Of the prayer-forms of Kiddush Hashem (“sanctification of the name”), the most extreme example is the Kaddish. No other words we say in all our prayers are attributed the same level of sanctity.” Chabad.org

terms
Christian Doctrine 1 / Dr. BillingsTERMS
  • Kaddish
    • Ancient Jewish prayer; closely resembles Lord’s prayer in part
  • Abba
    • Jesus uses this for God: respectful, familiar “Father”
  • ipsissimavox
    • The very voice, the very word of Jesus (as in the Our Father)
  • Hallowed
    • Holy, sacred
  • Pater Noster
    • “Our Father” (in Latin)