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Cognados. Música: Charly Garcia , “No soy un extraño”. Cognados básicos. Here are some basic cognates you will need to recognize when we get our textbooks next week . Copy and translate each one in your notebook as it appears : artículo diario/a estudiantes fútbol tiempo.

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cognados

Cognados

Música: CharlyGarcia, “No soy un extraño”

cognados b sicos
Cognados básicos
  • Here are somebasiccognatesyouwillneedtorecognizewhenwegetourtextbooksnextweek. Copy and translateeachone in yournotebook as itappears:
  • artículo
  • diario/a
  • estudiantes
  • fútbol
  • tiempo
cognados b sicos1
Cognados básicos
  • artículo
  • diario/a
  • estudiantes
  • fútbol
  • tiempo
  • article
  • daily (diary)
  • students
  • football
  • time
reglas para reconocer cognados regla una
Reglasparareconocercognados: Reglauna
  • Spanish nouns and adjectives usually end in an ‘a’ or an ‘o.’ This can often be dropped in English, or replaced by a final silent ‘e.’
  • problema = problem
  • radioactivo = radioactive
  • planta = plant
  • silencio = silence
  • mágica = magic
reglas para reconocer cognados regla dos
Reglas para reconocer cognados: Regla dos
  • ManydifferentSpanishlettershavethesamephoneticmeaning, so wordscontainingonelettermayhaveanEnglishequivalentwiththeother
    • ‘b’ = ‘v’
    • soft ‘c’ = ‘s’ = ‘z’
    • soft ‘g’ = ‘j’ = ‘x’
reglas para reconocer cognados
Reglasparareconocercognados
  • Rule Two examples:
    • arribar = to arrive
    • ejercicio = exercise
    • actriz = actress
reglas para reconocer cognados regla tres
Reglasparareconocercognados: Reglatres
  • Certain endings in Spanish have regular cognates in English:
    • ‘-ción’ = ‘-tion’
    • ‘-idad’ = ‘-ity’
    • ‘-ía’ = ‘-y’
reglas para reconocer cognados1
Reglas para reconocer cognados
  • Rule Threeexamples:
    • nación = nation
    • comunicación = communication
    • comunidad = community
    • maternidad = maternity
    • astronomía = astronomy
    • espía = spy
reglas para reconocer cognados regla cuatro
Reglas para reconocer cognados: Regla cuatro
  • Thesoundchanges ‘o’ > ‘ue’ and ‘e’ > ‘ie’ in stem-changingverbs can oftenbeused in conjunctionwiththeother rules tofindcognatesbetweenSpanish and Englishwords
  • Stem-changingverbs:
    • Poder: puedo, puedes, puede, podemos, podéis, pueden
    • Perder: pierdo, pierdes, pierde, perdemos, perdéis, pierden
reglas para reconocer cognados2
Reglasparareconocercognados
  • Rule Four examples
    • puerto = port
    • fuerza = force
    • escuela = school
    • descuento = discount
    • diciembre = December
    • miembro = member
    • movimiento = movement
reglas para reconocer cognados regla cinco
Reglasparareconocercognados: Reglacinco
  • Many English words begin with an “st”, “sp”, or “sc” combination, but Spanish does not allow words to begin with those sound combinations. In many cases, Spanish simply adds an “e” before the word. Other cognate rules may also apply.
  • estudiante = student
  • especie = species
  • escenario = scenery