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Livestock and Poultry Sectors in Pakistan. Dr. M. Afzal Chairman Pakistan Agricultural Research Council Islamabad. Livestock in national economy. Livestock in Pak GDP 11.4 % Share in agri. GDP 53.2 % Livestock in export 8.5 % Dependent families > 8.5 m

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livestock and poultry sectors in pakistan

Livestock and Poultry Sectors in Pakistan

Dr. M. Afzal

Chairman

Pakistan Agricultural Research Council

Islamabad

livestock in national economy
Livestock in national economy
  • Livestock in Pak GDP 11.4 %
  • Share in agri. GDP 53.2 %
  • Livestock in export 8.5 %
  • Dependent families> 8.5 m
  • Provides raw material for industry
  • Social security for rural poor
  • Security against crop failure in barani areas
livestock population
Livestock Population

(Million Heads)

Province Cattle Buffalo Sheep Goat Camel

Pakistan (2006) 29.6 27.3 26.5 53.8 0.9

Pakistan (2010) 34.3 30.8 27.8 59.9 1.0

Per cent distribution

Khyber Phakhtunkhaw 20 7 13 18 7

Punjab 49 65 24 37 22

Sindh 23 27 15 23 30

Balochistan 8 1 48 22 41

Economic Survey (2009-10)

Livestock Census (2006)

herd size profile in pakistan 2006

Million animals

Herd Size Profile in Pakistan (2006)

Values in parentheses indicate %age

livestock production systems
Livestock Production Systems
  • Cattle and Buffaloes

- Rural Subsistence Small Holdings

- Rural Market Oriented Small Holdings

- Rural Commercial Farming

- Peri-urban/Urban Commercial Dairying

- Desert Cattle Farming

- Corporate Dairy Farming

  • Sheep and Goats

- Nomadic

- Transhumant

- Sedentary / Household

  • Poultry

- Rural (range) Poultry

- Intensive Poultry

traditional rural poultry
Traditional Rural Poultry
  • Almost every rural household and some urban households raise poultry
  • Poultry Population 73.65 million
  • Contribution to egg production 41.6%
  • Contribution to meat production 24.3%
  • Breeds: 3 local, 2 imported
  • Hatching: Brooding hens
  • Feeding: Scavengers
  • Important Diseases: Newcastle disease, Fowl cholera, Fowl pox

Census 2006

intensive commercial poultry
Intensive (Commercial) Poultry
  • History
    • 1963-65 Beginning of commercial poultry
    • 1970s Broiler and layer farms
    • 1980s Breeders farms, chick quality improvement
    • 1990s Grand parents, better management
    • 2000s Environmentally controlled housing, Processing and value chain
  • Status
    • Share in poultry meat 75.7 %
    • Share in eggs 58.4 %
    • Grand parents 5 companies
    • Breeders 6.8 million
    • Layers 25 million
    • Broilers 434 million
    • Farms 25,897
    • Hatcheries 305
    • Feed Mills 154
dairy sub sector
Dairy Sub-sector
  • Total milk production (09-10) 36.299 m tons
  • Milk market
    • Producers (self or direct selling) 68.0 %
    • Informal market (Gawala operated) 28.5 %
    • Formal dairy industry 3.5 %
  • Dairy industry
    • 25 out of 49 dairy plants are operational
    • Main players are Nestle, Engro, Haleeb, Shakargang, Millac
    • Main products are UHT and Pasteurized milk, Milk powder, Yougurt, Cream, Cheese, etc.
    • 3.0 million litres per day being procurement
    • Rs 63 million daily going to rural economy
meat sub sector
Meat Sub-sector
  • Total meat production (09-10) 2.965 million tons
    • Beef Production 1.655 million tons
    • Mutton Production 0.603 million tons
    • Poultry Meat 0.707 million tons
  • Meat market
    • Butchers operated shops, many slaughter at shops
    • Main players at slaughter house are “Arties”
    • Mainly fresh meat selling
    • A few chilled meat selling modern butcheries started
  • Meat industry
    • 80 % slaughtering done outside out side slaughterhouses
    • Local governments own and operate slaughter houses, generally rated as unhygienic
    • 11 private sector slaughter houses registered by Animal Quarantine Department and importing countries
    • Total export is < 0.6 percent of the production
    • 46 casing factories processing guts for export
    • Bone meal / gelatin also being exported
roles in livestock development
Roles in Livestock Development
  • Federal
    • National policies, planning & economic coordination
    • Import/export of animals and animal products and animal quarantine
    • Research and international coordination
    • Catalyst for livestock development
  • Provincial
    • Livestock Development
    • Veterinary Vaccine Production
    • Disease surveillance and reporting
    • Livestock research
    • Livestock production and health education
    • Milk and meat quality
  • District
    • Veterinary Health service (Preventive & Curative)
    • Breeding services (Artificial insemination)
    • Animal slaughtering
    • Livestock Markets
livestock development constraints
Livestock Development Constraints
  • Inadequate feed resources (short by 30%)
  • Widespread breeding of genetically inferior livestock
  • Epidemics of infectious diseases
  • Poor marketing infrastructure
  • Inadequate institutional infrastructure
  • Outdated regulatory framework
  • Limited credit availability to the livestock farmers (1/10 of agricultural credit)
  • Low investment by government
livestock development policy
Livestock Development Policy

Vision

Promoting livestock to provide safe and quality products at competitive prices, covering entire value chain with focus on market and poverty reduction

Policy

Private sector led development with public sector providing enabling environment

Strategy

  • Private sector led
  • Increase in productivity
  • Moving from subsistence farming to market-oriented and commercial farming
  • Covering entire value chain
poultry development policy
Poultry Development Policy
  • Vision

Supply of wholesome poultry meat, eggs and value added products to the domestic and international markets at competitive prices

  • Policy

Facilitate and support private sector-led development for sustainable poultry products

  • Strategy
    • Hi-tech intensive poultry production
    • Processing and value addition
    • Improving bio-security
    • Disease control and genetic improvement in rural poultry