KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER. INNOVATION AND TECHOLOGY. Technology. … is composed of a systematically developed set of information, skills, and processes that are needed to create, develop, and innovate products and services. Types of Technologies. Product-embodied technology
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INNOVATION AND TECHOLOGY
… is composed of a systematically developed set of information, skills, and processes that are needed to create, develop, and innovate products and services
Antecedent Characteristics of Technology Involved
Societal Culture-Based Differences in Terms of
Individualism vs. collectivism
Masculinity vs. femininity
Abstractive vs. associative
Effectiveness of Technology Transfer Across Nations
Antecedent differences in organizational cultures between the transacting organizations
Absorptive Capacity of the Recipient Organization
Local vs. cosmopolitan orientation
Existence of an already sophisticated technical core
Strategic management process
“Fluid mix of experience, values, contextual information, and expert insight that provides a framework for evaluating and incorporating new experiences and information”
First, knowledge, unlike information, is about beliefs and commitment. Knowledge is a function of a particular stance, perspective, or intention. Second, knowledge, unlike information, is about action. It is always knowledge ‘to some end.’ And third, knowledge, like information, is about meaning. It is context-specific and relational.
… of a global corporation is the sum total of its stock of knowledge, which is described in procedures and manuals as well as systematically embedded in its unique culture and in the individuals of the organization
Tacit knowledge is knowledge that is highly personal, difficult to communicate, and highly specialized. It is hard to process and transfer because it is a part of the historical and cultural context in which the organization exists.
Explicit knowledge is knowledge that can be written and transmitted. It is discrete or digital, stored in repositories such as libraries and databases.