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Do Now- Adaptations Over Time. 1. List two differences between an Alaskan husky dog and a Mexican Chihuahua. 2. Why do you think these differences are needed? 3. What do you think lead to these different features of the canine family?. small. Do Now. large. Adaptation.

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do now adaptations over time

Do Now- Adaptations Over Time

1. List two differences between an Alaskan husky dog and a Mexican Chihuahua.

2. Why do you think these differences are needed?

3. What do you think lead to these different features of the canine family?

do now

small

Do Now

large

Adaptation

Eye color is a ___ variation.

Skin color is a ___ variation.

___ is any variation that makes an organism better suited to its environment.

Variations of adaptation can include an organism’s color, ___, behavior or chemical makeup.

size

slide3
Do Now- Adaptations Over Time 1. List two differences between an Alaskan husky dog and a Mexican Chihuahua.
slide4

1a. Thick fur for winter.short hair for summer.1b. Long legs for walking in snow.Short legs for digging ground.1c. Big bodies for pulling sleighs.Small bodies for going underground.

slide6
2a. Their body sizes give them different job roles. 2b. Physical features are needed to adapt to their environment.
3 what do you think lead to these different features of the canine family
3. What do you think lead to these different features of the canine family?

a. Migration to other land

b. Separation of groups

c. Food supply

do now1

hypothesis

Do Now

theory

Hypothesis and a theory

A ___ is something that can be tested.

A ___ is something that can be tested by evidence to explain a natural phenomenon.

A ___ can be incorrect. (more than one word answer)

Can there be more than one theory? (yes or no)

Yes because

theories are not

based on facts.

slide9
5. Examples of theories of how humans were created:Show video on ted camel. 5:20 – 10:50 (5min) and 12:20 – 15:50 (3 min)

Intelligent Design Theory

Theory of Evolution

Ancient Astronaut Theory

do now2

Do Now

Through adaption over time, the camel evolved with features to help it survive.

How did camels become the perfect machine in the desert?

2. What happened to the wooly mammoth and saber tooth tiger?

3. Why is the komodo dragon (dated 3.8 million years ago) still alive?

2 what happened to the wooly mammoth and saber tooth tiger
2. What happened to the wooly mammoth and saber tooth tiger?

They no longer exists because they possibly did not adapt to their environment.

Wooly mammoth

Saber tooth tiger

3 why is the komodo dragon dated 3 8 million years ago still alive
3. Why is the komodo dragon (dated 3.8 million years ago) still alive?

It possibly adapted to its environment and did not need to be evolved.

do now3

Do Now

Identify each statement as Lamarck’s hypothesis of acquired characteristics or inheritedcharacteristics.

The tails of rats are amputated so their offspring will have no tails.

Both parents’ tails are curved therefore the offspring is likely to be curved.

I am knowledgeable because I read therefore my children will be knowledgeable.

If I cut my hair then my children will have short hair.

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1. The tails of rats are amputated so their offspring will have no tails.2. Both parents’ tails are curved therefore the offspring is likely to be curved.

Acquired characteristics which is

untrue

Inherited characteristics

Can be true

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3. I am knowledgeable because I read therefore my children will be knowledgeable.4. If I cut my hair then my children will have short hair.

Acquired characteristics which is

untrue

Acquired characteristics

which is untrue

do now4

Natural selection

Do Now

Artificial selection

___ - better traits that are suitable for the environment are more likely to survive and pass on.

___ -desirable traits are made to be passed on.

identify which these statements as artificial selection or natural selection
Identify which these statements as “artificial selection” or “natural selection”.
4 nicotene in tobacco has been produced more to make smokers more addictive
4. Nicotene in tobacco has been produced more to make smokers more addictive.

Artificial selection

slide22
7. The Brassica species produced broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, cabbage and kale gives us a variety of vegetables to eat.

Artificial selection

8 whales developed flippers and lost their hind legs to be able to live in the ocean
8. Whales developed flippers and lost their hind legs to be able to live in the ocean.

Natural selection

slide24

3. Cows are bigger in size so there is more meat and milk for us.4. Nicotene in tobacco has been produced more to make smokers more addictive.5. Male birds are brightly colored to attract mates.6. Horses have become stronger in order to run faster on the racetrack.7. The Brassica species produced broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, cabbage and kale gives us a variety of vegetables to eat.8. Whales developed flippers and lost their hind legs to be able to live in the ocean.

do now and notes

artificial

Do Now and Notes

a. Domesticating pets

In ___ selection, humans have an effect on the evolution of a species rather than letting nature choose the path of evolution.

Four reasons why people use artificial selection:

b. Farming animals and plants

c. Making new drugs

and

when is artificial selection used
When is artificial selection used?
  • Domesticated animals such as dogs
  • Farming crops and animals
  • Pharmaceuticals (new drugs)
  • d. Genetic engineering
pros and cons
Pros and Cons
  • Pros:
    • Humans can manipulate organisms to benefit them
    • New variations of organisms can be produced (example: cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower are all variations of the same plant)
  • Cons:
    • Selectively bred organisms are susceptible (at risk) to environmental changes and diseases
    • Inbreeding can become a problem
    • In animals artificial selection can cause health problems
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videoshttp://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/variation/artificial/ (8min) http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=214865 (2min) http://www.sophia.org/artificial-selection/artificial-selection--2-tutorial (2.5min)

do now5

two

Do Now

Natural

Variation

If a mountain separated members of a species then each group will change over time into ___ different species.

___ selection is that organisms which survive in an environment will reproduce pass down their traits.

___ makes one member of a species different from other members of the same species.

Examples:

eye color,

ear lobe shape,

height, etc

do now6

small

Do Now

large

Adaptation

Eye color is a ___ variation.

Skin color is a ___ variation.

__ is any variation that makes an organism better suited to its environment.

Variations can involve an organism’s color, ___ , behavior or chemical makeup.

shape

do now write 2 and 3

competition

Do Now- write #2 and #3

What is the benefit in having variations in animals? Through ___ animals that have the best traits survive and pass these traits to their offspring.

What about variations in plants? There is no variation in plants within the same species because they share the ___ amount of water and sunlight.

same

slide32

3. The two ways that species can adapt to their environment are camouflage and mimicry. Camouflage is an organism blending to its ___ while mimicry is an organism that blends with a second ___ .

environment

organism

slide33
Mutations linkshttp://listverse.com/2013/02/25/10-amazing-animal-mutants/http://psycheskinner.hubpages.com/hub/Unusual-Animals