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  1. Institutional support for finance, infrastructure and marketing of post harvest management products Next End

  2. Value addition to food products has assumed vital importance in our country due to diversity in socio-economic conditions, industrial growth, urbanization and globalization. • Importance of Post-harvest technology lies in the fact that it has the capability to meet food requirement of growing population by eliminating losses making more nutritive food items from raw commodities by proper processing and fortification. • India, where 80 percent people live in the villages and 70 percent of them depend on agriculture has experienced that the process of industrialization has shifted the food, feed and fiber industries to urban areas. POST HARVEST TECHNOLOGY- IMPORTANCE AND ROLE Introduction Previous Next End

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  4. General conditions for Post Harvest Management/Post Primary Projects Primary Processing and Post-Harvest Management related projects shall be implemented either as on-farm projects linked with individual projects of area expansion of commercial horticulture or as a common facility for cluster of new projects of commercial horticulture and existing orchards / farms. Institutional Financial assistance Previous Next End

  5. Benefit of exclusive components of cold storage scheme shall also be available to the promoters over and above the assistance that will be provided under Commercial Horticulture Scheme • Projects relating to setting up of new production units shall be technically and financially appraised to ensure and enable entrepreneur to incorporate latest available technology • Projects under this scheme component may be integrated as part of new Production Related projects or in integration with existing Production. Contd…. Previous Next End

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  8. Infrastructure Developmental Programs A project on strengthening the postharvest infrastructure for horticultural crops was initiated by the National Horticulture Board in 1988–89. This project provided assistance in the establishment of grading/packing centers, retail outlets, cool stores, the procurement of plastic crates and transport vehicles. Facilities were also provided to provide access to market information, for the production of fruit juice/fruit based beverages. Previous Next End

  9. Postharvest Management Practices For Improving Marketing Controlled/Modified Atmospheric Storage/Packaging Containerization Cold/Cool Chain Freeze Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables Previous Next End

  10. Controlled/Modified Atmospheric Storage/Packaging • Modified atmosphere (MA) storage essentially involves changing the normal atmospheric gas composition around a fruit or vegetable.. • In situations where this environmental change is strictly controlled with certain specific gaseous concentrations of N2 CO2 and O2, it is termed “controlled atmosphere” (CA). • Modification of the atmospheric environment for the packaging and storage of fresh horticultural commodities, involves either a reduction in O2 levels or an elevation of CO2 concentrations. • Beneficial effects of CA and MA treatments include the retardation of ripening, senescence and physiological changes as well as the reduction of chilling injury. Previous Next End

  11. Containerization Although containerization was recently introduced into India, little use is made of containers for the national distribution of fresh horticultural produce. Potential, however, exists for the design of low-cost containers which employ ventilation and evaporative cooling. Cold/Cool Chain The cold chain has contributed tremendously to trade in fruits, vegetables and flowers in developed countries. Maintenance of low temperatures at different stages through the cold chain, results in the reduction of losses and retention of the quality of horticultural produce. Previous Next End

  12. Freeze Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables • While conventionally dried fruits and vegetables lose their structural integrity and exhibit poor rehydration characteristics, freeze-dried or dehydrated fruits and vegetables retain their nascent texture and color and reconstitute fairly rapidly even in cold water owing to their porous structures. • Freeze dehydration can be thought of as an up scaling on lyophilization, a technique which is widely used in pharmaceutical and biotechnological applications to dehydrate and thereby conserve and preserve certain pharmacological and biological materials. Previous Next End

  13. Safety In The Postharvest Management Of Fruits And Vegetables 1) Regulation of specifications for foods, and 2) Regulation of hygienic conditions of processing and/or manufacturing. Some of these food safety regulations are mandatory while others are voluntary: a) The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act (PFA) implemented by the Ministry of Health, outlines specifications for various food products and is mandatory. b) The Agriculture Produce (Grading & Marking) Act implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development is voluntary. This particular act set forth the specifications for various agricultural commodities including some processed foods. Previous Next End

  14. c) The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the largest body responsible for the creation of standards for various food products. BIS standards are voluntary. d) A number of quality control orders have been issued under the essential Commodities Act. These include the Food Product Order (FPO), Milk and Milk Products Order (MMPO). Contd…. Previous Next End

  15. Centralization and Jurisdiction of Local Agencies A number of food analysts and food inspectors in India are mandated to assist consumers with food poisoning or food contamination concerns. Food Inspectors collect samples for analysis by the public analyst and the local (health) authority (LHA). In situations where food samples are adulterated, the vendor, manufacturer, distributor, or business is prosecuted by the LHA. Previous Next End

  16. Let us sum up • India has a good resource base, adequate research and development infrastructure and excellence in several areas of horticultural interest. • The demand for horticultural produce in India is on the rise, owing to increasing populations, changing food habits, the nutritional value of horticultural crops and a greater emphasis on postharvest management, processing and value addition. • Advantages of growth can be harnessed with well planned strategies, so as to ensure a positive future outlook. • Food safety is of growing importance in food production, processing and marketing. • Investment in food safety, while assuring risk-free ventures related to horticulture, will increase the cost of fresh produce and the processing of fruits and vegetables. • Efforts geared toward improving production technologies for fruits and vegetables will become meaningful only if the effective postharvest technology is developed and wastage is reduced. Previous