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HAWAIIAN CULTURAL SEASCAPES Perspectives from paddlers, fishers & surfers in Hilo Bay

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HAWAIIAN CULTURAL SEASCAPES Perspectives from paddlers, fishers & surfers in Hilo Bay. Noelani Puniwai Steven Gray Christopher Lepczyk Craig Severance.

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slide1

HAWAIIAN CULTURAL SEASCAPES

Perspectives from paddlers, fishers & surfers in Hilo Bay

Noelani Puniwai

Steven Gray

Christopher Lepczyk

Craig Severance

Much thanks to… Cherie Kauahi, Aloha Kapono, Anthony Olayon, and the many “Watermen” who have shared their knowledge and stories with us.

slide2

Objective

’A’ohe o kahi nana

o luna o ka pali

ihomai a lalonei;

’ikeike au nuikeau iki,

he alo a he alo

Wise proverb

The top of the cliff isn’t the place to look down as us; come down here and learn of the big and little current, face to face

slide3

Objective

To use a methodology that engages knowledgeable ocean users

  • Biophysical processes of nearshore Hilo waters
  • Human relationships w/ Hilo Bay
  • How and why different ocean user groups socially construct and delineate marine space
slide4

1

Focus – Hawai’i Island

1

Hawai’i Island

1

Honoliʻi

Hilo Bay

2

Hilo, Hawai’i

3

Keaukaha

1

2

3

slide5

Approach

1:20,000

Map Scales

1:1,500,000

1:5,000

1:2,500

slide6

Approach

Ocean experts i.e. “Hawaiian Watermen”

Identify “communities” of knowledge sources

30 interviews

a. Insider approach

b. Over 50 informants

c. Snowball sampling

slide7

Paddlers – Hilo Bay

1:20,000 Scale

Paddling Community

- 2 Coaches Highly Recommended

- 6 respected individuals interviewed

  • Findings:
  • Few People Recommended as Experts ~ 0.5% of paddlers
  • Outsiders recommend paddlers as knowledgeable about ocean currents, however internally they respect only a few.

River Influence

Easy to approach

Breakwall Influence

Tidal influence

slide8

Fishers - Keaukaha

All Scales

Diverse Communities

- Locations

- Gear Type (Boat, Pole, Throw Net, Divers)

  • “Isles”
  • Retired individuals
  • Daily use - Pole
  • 7 Interviewed
  • “Keaukaha”
  • Broad Sample
  • Weekly use
  • 3 Interviewed
  • “Offshore Hilo”
  • Boat Fisherman
  • Weekly Use
  • 1 Interviewed
slide9

Fishers - Keaukaha

  • Mitchell Wailani
  • Age @ Interview 77
  • Lost at sea July 2011
  • Lifetime Commercial Fisherman
  • Talks about general current in Hilo running from S to N
  • Daily Fisherman at “Isles”:
    • Do not see themselves as knowledgeable
  • Or
    • State the currents are not easy to understand
  • Looking at currents at a small-scale, at daily intervals = hard to see larger patterns.
  • Keaukaha Fisherman
    • “Waterman”
    • Tides very important
    • Harder to identify “experts”
    • Humility
slide10

Surfers – Honoli’i

Surfers and Lifeguards

- 6 interviews on Current Flow

- 15 interviews on Surf Conditions

www.pakalove.org

slide11

Surfers – Honoli’i

1:2,500 Scale

-Colors indicate individual surfer maps

- Together they create a narrative

- People eager to share

Swell Direction

River Influence

A. Kapono

slide12

Results

Summary of Interviews

  • Surfers respect particular lifeguards
  • - All share their observations - 1:2,5000
  • Paddlers are hesitant
  • - Coaches are highly respected - 1:20,000
  • Fisherman are not an organized group
  • - More confident in their knowledge
  • - 1:5,000; 1:20,000; 1:50,000
slide13

Thoughts

Management Implications

- Watermen interact with the ocean at differentSCALES

- Watermen describe currents in

CONTEXT, hard to draw on a map

- High RESPECT for watermen of the past

- Hilo Bay currents are mild

Tidalinfluence

Future of natural resource management requires understanding stakeholder knowledge within a personal context

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