FATMAISMED 12232/K1-09 CALL
DEFINITION CONCEPT WHAT ACTIVITY CAN BE DONE THE HISTORY OF CALL TYPES OF CALL WHAT THE PEOPLE DO CALL
WHAT IS COMPUTER ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING? What is CALL ?
It is a term used by teachers and students to describe the use of computers as part of a language course. (Hardisty & Windeatt: 1989).
Definition; Levy (1997:1) defines CALL more succinctly and more broadly as "the search for and study of applications of the computer in language teaching and learning". http://www.llas.ac.uk/resources/gpg/61.
COMPUTER ASSISTEDLANGUAGE LEARNING • CALL is not a method. It is a tool that help teachers to facilitate the language learning process. It can be used to reinforce what has been learned in the classroom. It also can be used as remedial to help learners with limited language proficiency. www. Slideshare.net/Salina2309/chapter-2-concept-of-call
COMPUTER ASSISTEDLANGUAGE LEARNING • CALL is not a software in the sense that it is not an application program or a utility program. • Word processing program, spreadsheet program, graphic presentation software such as PowerPoint, Internet (a general term) are not considered as CALL. www. Slideshare.net/Salina2309/chapter-2-concept-of-call
People can learn the langguage from the computer by accessing The computer. • People also can get many knowledge in accessing the computer • People can use the computer more beneficially (MO, Internet, etc) • For english education student’s, It’ll be very useful to make a very creative media in teaching the langguage.
What activity can be done?? http://www2.nkfust.edu.tw/~emchen/CALL/unit1.htm#program
How Computers can be used in the Language Class 1) Teaching with one computer in the class - delivery of content (PowerPoint, word-processor, Webpages, etc.) - classroom activities/discussions mediated by the computer - Interactive whiteboard 2) Teaching in the computer network room (network-based language teaching) - task-based group work /activities - computer-mediated communication (CMC): asynchronous/synchronous - tandem learning
3) Self-access learning (independent learning) - drills and exercises - word processing - resource searching 4) Distance learning (i.e. individual learners working by themselves, at a place and time of their choice and, to some extent, at a pace and in an order also chosen by themselves.) - delivering online course content - CMC activities: email, discussion forum, chat rooms - tandem learning - community building
Computers have been used since the first half of the 20th century, they were not used for educational purposes until the 1960s. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies Vol.1, No.2, ctober 2005 O
CALL’s origins and development trace back to the 1960’s (Delcloque 2000). Since the early days CALL has developed into a symbiotic relationship between the development of technology and pedagogy. Dr. DilipBarad, Dept. of English, Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar. Gujarat – INDIA.
Warschauer (1996) divided the development of CALL into three phases: 1. Behavioristic CALL, 2. Communicative CALL and 3. Integrative CALL (Multimedia and the Internet). Dr. DilipBarad, Dept. of English, Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar. Gujarat – INDIA.
Behavioristic CALL: The first phase of CALL, conceived in the 1950s and implemented in the 1960s and '70s. Programs of this phase entailed repetitive language drills and can be referred to as "drill and practice" (or, more pejoratively, as "drill and kill"). Warschauer M. (1996) "Computer Assisted Language Learning: an Introduction".In Fotos S. (ed.) Multimedia language teaching, Tokyo: Logos International: 3-20.
Behavioristic CALL: Drill and practice courseware is based on the model of computer as tutor (Taylor 1980). In other words the computer serves as a vehicle for delivering instructional materials to the student. Warschauer M. (1996) "Computer Assisted Language Learning: an Introduction".In Fotos S. (ed.) Multimedia language teaching, Tokyo: Logos International: 3-20.
Behavioristic CALL: In the late 1970s and early 1980s, behavioristic CALL was undermined by two important factors. First, behavioristic approaches to language learning had been rejected at both the theoretical and the pedagogical level. Secondly, the introduction of the microcomputer allowed a whole new range of possibilities. The stage was set for a new phase of CALL. Warschauer M. (1996) "Computer Assisted Language Learning: an Introduction".In Fotos S. (ed.) Multimedia language teaching, Tokyo: Logos International: 3-20.
Communicative Call (70s – 80s ) : One of the main advocates of this new approach was John Underwood, who in 1984 proposed a series of "Premises for 'Communicative' CALL“, says that; • does not judge and evaluate everything the students nor reward them with congratulatory messages, lights, or bells; • avoids telling students they are wrong and is flexible to a variety of student responses; • uses the target language exclusively and creates an environment in which using the target language feels natural, both on and off the screen; and • will never try to do anything that a book can do just as well. Warschauer M. (1996) "Computer Assisted Language Learning: an Introduction".In Fotos S. (ed.) Multimedia language teaching, Tokyo: Logos International: 3-20.
INTEGRATIVE CALL: Integrative approaches to CALL are based on two important technological developments of the last decade : • multimedia computers • Internet Multimedia technology exemplified today by the CD-ROM, it allows a variety of media (text, graphics, sound, animation, and video) to be accessed on a single machine. What makes multimedia even more powerful is that it also entails hypermedia. That means that the multimedia resources are all linked together and that learners can navigate their own path simply by pointing and clicking a mouse. Warschsauer M. (1996) "Computer Assisted Language Learning: an Introduction".In Fotos S. (ed.) Multimedia language teaching, Tokyo: Logos International: 3-20.
TYPES OF CALL http://www2.nkfust.edu.tw/~emchen/CALL/unit1.htm#program
Types of CALL Programs CALL programs/materials include • CALL-specific software: applications designed to develop and facilitate language learning, such as CD-ROMs, web-based interactive language learning exercises/quizzes • Generic software: applications designed for general purposes, such as word-processors (Word), presentation software (PowerPoint, see an e-book made by students "Many Moons"), and spreadsheet (Excel), that can be used to support language learning • Web-based learning programs: online dictionaries, online encyclopedias, online concordancers, news/magazine sites, e-texts, web-quests, web publishing, blog, wiki, etc. - Computer-mediated communication (CMC) programs: synchronous - online chat; asynchronous - email, discussion forum, message board
Types of call; Types of CALL Activities : • multiple-choice & true/false quizzes • matching - re-ordering/sequencing - crossword puzzles - games - simulations - writing & word-processing - web quests/searching - web publishing - online communication (synchronous and asynchronous)
Based on these information, by taking CALL class in this semester, I believe that I can be more creative in accessing the computer and the internet. I will also focus in making a good media when I share or teach something to another people in langgauge learning.