Articulatory Processes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Articulatory Processes

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  1. Articulatory Processes Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net

  2. The Most Common Processes • Assimilation • Dissimilation • Deletion • Epenthesis • Metathesis • Vowel reduction

  3. Assimilation: Two sounds becoming more alike • Regressive Assimilation • Assimilation in which a sound influences the preceding segment. • E.g. indefinite, impossible, incomplete • Progressive Assimilation • Assimilation in which a sound influences the following segment. • E.g. books, bags

  4. [-z] or [-s] • Bananas • Grapes • Lemons • Cookies • Cakes • Tarts • Potatoes • Carrots • [-z] • [-s] • [-z] • [-z] • [-s] • [-s] • [-z] • [-s]

  5. [-d], [-t], or [-id] • Studied • Kicked • Eliminated • Erased • Looked • Typed • Measured • Surrounded • [-d] • [-t] • [-id] • [-d] • [-t] • [-t] • [-d] • [-id]

  6. Dissimilation:Two Sounds Becoming Less Alike • Fifths: [f  f  s]  [f  f t s] Three fricatives  fricative+stop+fricative

  7. Deletion • A process that removes a segment from certain phonetic context. • In English, a schwa [] is often deleted when the next vowel in the word is stressed. suppose: [spz]  [spz]

  8. Epenthesis • A process that inserts a segment into a particular environment. • For example: • (in careful speech) something is pronounced [smp] instead of [sm]

  9. Metathesis • A process that reorders a sequence of segments • For example: • Brid (Old English)  Bird (Modern English)

  10. Vowel Reduction • The articulation of a vowel moves to a more central position when the vowel is unstressed. • For example: • considerate vs. consideration

  11. P.67, Question #15, a-h a. Assimilation b. Assimilation c. Deletion d. Deletion e. Epenthesis f. Deletion g. Deletion h. Metathesis

  12. That’s All For Today See You Next Week Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net