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DPRK Agriculture Program: SRI Project in four local farms. Brief history of AFSC agriculture development work in DPRK New program cycle of agricultural development approach in DPRK Farm experience with SRI practices and initial reports

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dprk agriculture program sri project in four local farms
DPRK Agriculture Program:SRI Project in four local farms
  • Brief history of AFSC agriculture development work in DPRK
  • New program cycle of agricultural development approach in DPRK
  • Farm experience with SRI practices and initial reports
  • Next stage of focus on SRI and some of the issues we are facing
brief history of afsc agricultural development work in dprk
Brief history of AFSC agricultural development work in DPRK
  • 1990-2000

Humanitarian assistance

  • 2000-2007

Focus on agricultural development- soil fertility, with winter cover crop and forage

  • 2007-present

Improvement in cultivation methods - rice and corn, tackle shortfalls in production issue and structural challenges

Seed breeding and generation advancement - tackle long-term production bottlenecks

Soil fertility - address long-term agricultural needs and environment sustainability

the new program cycle of agricultural development approaches in dprk
The new program cycle of agricultural development approaches in DPRK

Three focuses:

- Cultivation methods - rice and corn

- Seed breeding and generation advancement

- Soil fertility

cultivation methods rice and corn
Cultivation methods - rice and corn

Based on each farm’s situation, specific location, crop, labor force, natural and economic condition, address immediate needs of increased food production

Results: By 2009, 250 hectares of rice paddy in experiments with the new cultivation methods. Average yield increases of 0.5 t to 1 t per hectare

seed breeding and generation advancement
Seed breeding and generation advancement

Address one of the fundamental issues of low food production in a poor country which is lack of knowledge and means to have appropriate policy and research opportunities for producing better crop seeds

Results: three new rice varieties have been released; positive results from DPRK-based exchange programs with other institutions in Southeast Asia

soil fertility
Soil fertility

Address long-term agriculture and environment sustainability issues to find ways to gradually improve soil fertility, with changes in conventional agricultural practice and systematic structure

Result: Extremely difficult to find sustainable solutions. Initial findings need more test.

first element address immediate need for increase food production at farm level
First element: address immediate need for increase food production at farm level

Evaluate changes in cultivation methods on the farm for rice cultivation

  • Farm experience with SRI and initial reports: see pictures below
reasons and processes for the original introduction of sri to farms
Reasons and processes for the original introduction of SRI to farms

- Ease shortage of labor and resources at planting period, and at the some time, increase crop yield and, if possible, soil fertility.

-Establish experimental stages for gradual introduction of new production methods:

1) Seeding

2) Transplanting

3) Water management

4) Other related issues.

slide13

Seed: Pyong Do 11Seeding date: April 30 April 21Transplanted June 5 June 6 Tillers/ pyong 380 310 As of June 24, 640 440 Seed: Pyong Do 15Seeding date: April 30 April 21Transplanted June 5 June 6Tillers/pyong 360 300As of June 24 560 520

comparison of the effects of conventional and new cultivation methods on rice plants
Comparison of the effects of conventional and new cultivation methods on rice plants
slide16
Color differences between rice seedlings in the experimental field: new on the left---conventional on the right
next stage of focus on sri and some of the issues that we are facing
Next stage of focus on SRI and some of the issues that we are facing

- Better scientific experimental design for the on-farm trials for finding the best combination of methods in each location

-More experiments on different transplanting densities

-Look into the possibilities of more efficient water management and ways of weed control

-Look into ways to increase the soil biomass

-Expand the experiment fields in more farms

thank you
Thank you

American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)

Wuna Reilly

China and DPRK Country Representative