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DPRK Agriculture Program: SRI Project in four local farms. Brief history of AFSC agriculture development work in DPRK New program cycle of agricultural development approach in DPRK Farm experience with SRI practices and initial reports
Focus on agricultural development- soil fertility, with winter cover crop and forage
Improvement in cultivation methods - rice and corn, tackle shortfalls in production issue and structural challenges
Seed breeding and generation advancement - tackle long-term production bottlenecks
Soil fertility - address long-term agricultural needs and environment sustainability
- Cultivation methods - rice and corn
- Seed breeding and generation advancement
- Soil fertility
Based on each farm’s situation, specific location, crop, labor force, natural and economic condition, address immediate needs of increased food production
Results: By 2009, 250 hectares of rice paddy in experiments with the new cultivation methods. Average yield increases of 0.5 t to 1 t per hectare
Address one of the fundamental issues of low food production in a poor country which is lack of knowledge and means to have appropriate policy and research opportunities for producing better crop seeds
Results: three new rice varieties have been released; positive results from DPRK-based exchange programs with other institutions in Southeast Asia
Address long-term agriculture and environment sustainability issues to find ways to gradually improve soil fertility, with changes in conventional agricultural practice and systematic structure
Result: Extremely difficult to find sustainable solutions. Initial findings need more test.
Evaluate changes in cultivation methods on the farm for rice cultivation
- Ease shortage of labor and resources at planting period, and at the some time, increase crop yield and, if possible, soil fertility.
-Establish experimental stages for gradual introduction of new production methods:
3) Water management
4) Other related issues.
Seed: Pyong Do 11Seeding date: April 30 April 21Transplanted June 5 June 6 Tillers/ pyong 380 310 As of June 24, 640 440 Seed: Pyong Do 15Seeding date: April 30 April 21Transplanted June 5 June 6Tillers/pyong 360 300As of June 24 560 520
- Better scientific experimental design for the on-farm trials for finding the best combination of methods in each location
-More experiments on different transplanting densities
-Look into the possibilities of more efficient water management and ways of weed control
-Look into ways to increase the soil biomass
-Expand the experiment fields in more farms
American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)
China and DPRK Country Representative