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Asbestos. Smelter Site – Specific Training EQUAL Code – OEMP006.61. September 2006 (Revised January 2009). Topics. Ontario Regulation 278/05 Inventories Training & Instruction Nature and Hazards of Asbestos Protective Equipment & Hygiene Type 1 Operations

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Smelter Site – Specific Training

EQUAL Code – OEMP006.61

September 2006 (Revised January 2009)

  • Ontario Regulation 278/05
    • Inventories
    • Training & Instruction
  • Nature and Hazards of Asbestos
  • Protective Equipment & Hygiene
  • Type 1 Operations
  • Inadvertent Discovery of Asbestos
inventories ontario regulation 278 05
InventoriesOntario Regulation 278/05
  • Asbestos Regulation changed in 2005 requiring a new inventory to be conducted by Q3 2007
  • Inventorying has been completed for each area of the Smelter, Matte Processing, Utilities, Oxygen and Sulphur Products Plants
  • Inventory is linked to the Smelter Homepage


Inventory is second choice


Click to select

Area Inventories

on line inventory
On–Line Inventory

The Inventory has been updated (Jan 09)

If you do not see the specific area you are interested in, contact the Smelter Occupational Health Group

If in doubt, check with the Smelter Occupational Health Group:

  • Andy Kosiw
  • Lise Fratin
  • Heather Packard
  • Rob Fleming
training instruction ontario regulation 278 05
Training & InstructionOntario Regulation 278/05

whenever a worker is to do work that(a)    involves material that,         (i) is asbestos-containing material,         (ii) is being treated as if it were asbestos- containing material,         (iii) is the subject of advice under section 9 or a notice under subsection 10 (8); or(b) is to be carried on in close proximity to material described in clause (a) and may disturb it.

Training must be provided to the worker

training instruction ontario regulation 278 051
Training & InstructionOntario Regulation 278/05

Training will consist of:

(i) the hazards of asbestos exposure,

(ii) the use, care and disposal of protective equipment and clothing to be used and worn when doing the work,

(iii) personal hygiene to be observed when doing the work, and

(iv) the measures and procedures prescribed by this Regulation;

nature and hazards of asbestos

Nature and Hazards of Asbestos


Health Effects

asbestos properties
Asbestos Properties


  • ASBESTOS is a group of minerals that occur naturally as bundles of fibres, which can be separated into thin threads.
  • Typical concentrations measured in outdoor air in Canada, Austria, Germany, South Africa and the USA ranged from < 0.0001 to about 0.01 fibre per cubic centimetre (f/cm3).
asbestos properties1
Asbestos Properties

There are 3 main types:

CHRYSOTILE –White Asbestos

AMOSITE –Brown Asbestos

CROCIDOLITE –Blue Asbestos

asbestos health effects from astdr
Asbestos Health Effectsfrom ASTDR*

When asbestos fibres are inhaled, most fibres are expelled, but some can become lodged in the lungs and remain there throughout life. Fibres can accumulate and cause scarring and inflammation. Enough scarring and inflammation can affect breathing, leading to disease. People are more likely to experience asbestos-related disorders when they are exposed to high concentrations of asbestos, are exposed for longer periods of time, and/or are exposed more often. Inhaling longer, more durable asbestos fibres (such as tremolite and other amphiboles) contributes to the severity of asbestos-related disorders. *Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


Asbestos Health Effectsfrom ASTDR

Exposure to asbestos can increase the likelihood of lung cancer, mesothelioma, and non-malignant lung conditions such as asbestosis (restricted use of the lungs due to retained asbestos fibres) and changes in the lung lining.

Changes in the lining of the lungs (pleura) such as thickening, plaques, calcification, and fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion) may be early signs of asbestos exposure. These changes can affect breathing more than previously thought. Pleural effusion can be an early warning sign for mesothelioma (cancer of the lining of the lungs). Most cases of asbestosis or lung cancer in workers occurred 15 years or more after the person was first exposed to asbestos.

asbestos health effects from astdr1
Asbestos Health Effectsfrom ASTDR

Most cases of mesothelioma are diagnosed 30 years or more after the first exposure to asbestos. Health effects from asbestos exposure may continue to progress even after exposure is stopped. Smoking or cigarette smoke, together with exposure to asbestos, greatly increases the likelihood of lung cancer.

asbestos health effects
Asbestos Health Effects


  • ASBESTOSIS: Scarring of the lungs, affects breathing, leading to disability, and can cause death
  • MESOTHELIOMA: Cancer of thin membrane surrounding lung and other internal organs
protective equipment hygiene practices
Protective Equipment & Hygiene Practices

When working in close proximity to Asbestos Containing Materials (ACM) consider the possibility of the work disturbing or damaging the ACM

If it is a possibility then:

Consider wearing disposable coveralls

Wear your respirator during certain aspects of the work

Wash hands & face when leaving the work area

asbestos operations
Asbestos “Operations”

Work on Asbestos Containing Material (ACM) is divided into three categories:

Type 1 Operation

Type 2 Operation

Type 3 Operation

The operation type is dependant upon various factors including the nature of the work and the amount of ACM involved

asbestos operations1
Asbestos “Operations”
  • Inco employees may be involved in Type 1 Operations (e.g.. ACM gasket removal or Transite panel replacement)
  • Type 2 and 3 Operations are only performed by qualified asbestos contractors
type 1 operations1

Type 1 Operations

You must be trained before doing work that is designated as a Type 1 Asbestos Operation

what are type 1 operations
What AreType 1 Operations?

1. Installing or removing ceiling tiles that are asbestos-containing material, if the tiles cover an area less than 7.5 square metres and are installed or removed without being broken, cut, drilled, abraded, ground, sanded or vibrated.

2.    Installing or removing non-friable asbestos-containing material, other than ceiling tiles, if the material is installed or removed without being broken, cut, drilled, abraded, ground, sanded or vibrated.

what are type 1 operations1
What AreType 1 Operations?

3. Breaking, cutting, drilling, abrading, grinding, sanding or vibrating non-friable asbestos-containing material if,

i.  the material is wetted to control the spread of dust or fibres, and

ii. the work is done only by means of non-powered hand-held tools.

4. Removing less than one square metre of drywall in which joint-filling compounds that are asbestos-containing material have been used.  O. Reg. 278/05,s. 12 (2).

discovery of suspected asbestos asbestos regulation 278 section 7
Discovery of Suspected AsbestosAsbestos Regulation 278 Section 7

(8)  If it is readily apparent that friable material used in a building as fireproofing or acoustical or thermal insulation has fallen and is being disturbed so that exposure to the material is likely to occur,

  • the owner shall cause the material to be examined to establish whether it is asbestos-containing material
  • until it has been established whether the material is asbestos-containing material, no further work involving the material shall be done…..
discovery of suspected asbestos asbestos regulation 278 section 71
Discovery of Suspected AsbestosAsbestos Regulation 278 Section 7

(10) If the examination mentioned in subsection (8) establishes that the material is asbestos-containing material, or if the material is treated as though it were asbestos-containing material as described in subsection (9),

(a) the owner shall cause the fallen material to be cleaned up and removed; and

(b) if it is readily apparent that material will continue to fall because of the deterioration of the fireproofing or insulation, the owner shall repair, seal, remove or permanently enclose the fireproofing or insulation.

discovery of suspected asbestos
Discovery of Suspected Asbestos

Do not work on or disturb any insulating materials on pipes, lines vessels and equipment until you have confirmed that the insulation does not contain asbestos.

To confirm the absence or presence of asbestos in an insulating material, contact the

Smelter Health & Environment Group - Asbestos Coordinator.

Do not sample the material yourself

Asbestos Coordinator: Lise Fratin 682 - 6994

Alternates: Andy Kosiw 682 - 6177

Heather Packard 682 - 7539

discovery of suspected asbestos1
Discovery of Suspected Asbestos

The Asbestos Coordinator will inspect the material, take a bulk sample and have it analyzed for asbestos type & concentration.

The site will be caution taped or roped off with explanatory tags.

If the material is found not to contain asbestos, the Asbestos Coordinator will release the site to the workers.

If the material is found to contain asbestos, the Asbestos Coordinator will work with the Area Planner to have the material rendered safe by having it stabilized, encapsulated, repaired or removed in accordance with our protocols. Once this is completed, the Asbestos Coordinator will release the site.


Suspected friable asbestos is discovered

Contact OSHE Rep. (preferably from incident area)

Isolate the area with warning tape and tags

Follow Planned Asbestos Removal Flowchart


Contact Asbestos Coordinator

Contact Group Leader or Supervisor

Determine if ACM


Release Scene

Contact Area or Job Contact Person (i.e. Planner) if other than Group Leader or Supervisor

Identify persons potentially exposed (list name and serial number or company worked for)

Initiate incident investigation before the end of the shift

Complete shaded area if ACM is confirmed



Planned Asbestos Removal Flowchart

Team (Project Manager / Area Planner & Asbestos Coordinator) inspects job site and reviews nature & written scope of removal

Input to pre-tender inspection report and drawings

Determine if Type of removal

Complete Planning Checklist

Project Manager / Area Planner to let removal contract

Notify Area OSHE Representative regarding removal details

Contractor prepares site per Type of Operation specified

Team inspects site preparation work and crew compliance to Regulations

Removal undertaken and completed


Remedial work identified


Team inspects completed work

Clearance Monitoring conducted for Type 3 Operation

Remedial work identified and completed



Job site is released. Protective enclosures etc. are removed


smelter health contacts
Smelter Health Contacts

Asbestos Contacts

Andy Kosiw 682-6177 Tech Services Building

Lise Fratin 682-6994 Tech Services Building

Heather Packard 682-7539 Tech Services Building

Respirator Contact

Rob Fleming 682-6216 Tech Services Building

Waste Management Contacts

Lise Fratin

Andy Kosiw

Heather Packard