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ECVET - the basics. Heidi Leskinen | 06.11.2013. ECVET – WHAT IS IT?. The European Credit system of Vocational Education and Training = (ECVET ), promoted by European Union

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ecvet the basics

ECVET - the basics

Heidi Leskinen | 06.11.2013

ecvet what is it
  • The European Credit system of Vocational Education and Training = (ECVET), promoted by European Union
  • The development of ECVET began in 2002 after the Copenhagen Process emphasized the need for a credit transfer system for VET. National governments and the European Parliament gave their final approval to legislation in June 2009.
  • The profounding aims of ECVET (and EU) are to
  • Promote transnational mobility in EU

(workers, students)

  • Facilitate lifelong learning in Europe (acknowledgment of prior learning)
  • Raise the quality of vocational education and training

(knowledge, skills, competence)

ecvet what s that in practice
ECVET – what’sthat in practice?
  • EU is giving only recommendations – all the changes (and a lot of work) are done on national level
  • For example in Finland: years of work in National Board of Education & Ministry of Education and Culture (also Finnish Parliament & Government)

→changes and adjustment in laws and regulationsconcerning VET

→ NBE makeschanges in National QualificationRequirements for VocationalEducation and Training

ecvet what s that in practice1
ECVET – what’sthat in practice?

→ VET providers (collegeslikeEsedu) start to implementthese new qualificationrequirement in alltheirtraining and education

  • In Finland thislegislationcomes in to effect 1.8.2014, when the new schoolyearstarts(or 2015?)
  • Afterthatwewillhaveallourqualificationsand learningmodulesdefinedas ECVET-points
what new comes with ecvet
What new comeswith ECVET?
  • For Finland – actually not many things (our VET system is already “ECVET-friendly”)
  • For most of European countries:
      • Competence-based training (credits are not measured with work-time, but the competence it leads into)
      • Recognising prior learning and informal learning (giving credits)
      • Use of study units/modules – qualifications can be divided in many units – part of the qualification can be done in other institution

→This should lead to flexibility in VET (individual learning paths)

→ international studies/placements can be used as part of a qualification (based on agreed documents)

international mobility
International mobility
  • In the coming ECVET –system international studies/placements have more value: learning outcomes should be used as part of a student’s qualification
  • and in the future: qualifications acquired abroad should be recognized in all EU-countries as valid qualifications → affects to salary → workers’ mobility in EU etc
  • Because of this it is important to carefully plan international mobility and base it to on agreed documents (→validation and recognition is easier)
mobility documents
  • Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)
  • Learning Agreement (LA)
  • Learning Outcomes (described as: knowledge, skills, competence) / or Learning Units
  • Assessment Form / EuropassMobility Certificate
  • Part of these documents used also earlier, e.g. MoU contains similar parts than Letter of Intent
memorandum of understanding
Memorandum of Understanding
  • It is essential for the sending and hosting institutions to discuss and agree in advance all the necessary matters concerning the students’ mobility according the ECVET principles.
  • Through this process, they make informed judgements about the conditions under which they can recognise(transfer) credit achieved in otherEuropeancountry/school.
  • In this long-term agreement competent institutions acknowledgethattheytrusttheirpartners’ approaches to designing units, assessment, validation, recognition as well as quality assurance.
  • In LLP (Erasmus+) projects no need for Letter of Intents if one has a MoUwith partner institution
learning agreement
  • Earlier: TrainingAgreement, TrainingContractetc – containssimilarthings, butmorespecificattention to student’slearning
  • LA is an individualised document which sets out the conditions for a specific mobility period. It specifies, for a particular learner, which learning outcomes and units should be achieved.
  • LA willalsocontain ECVET -points
learning agreement1
  • Learningoutcomesshouldbedescribed as knowledge, skills and competence (KSC) and ECVET-points
  • In thiswayit’spossible to compare the acquiredlearning to the learningobjectives in home school (curricula)
  • If the mobilitybetweeninstitutes on certainstudyfield/qualification is on permanentbasis, the sending and hostinginstitutescanagree on specificLearningUnit
  • LearningUnit = a fix set of learningoutcomes

(for example: ForkliftCourse in Odense)

europass mobility certificate assessment form
EuropassMobilityCertificate / AssessmentForm
  • Sending and hostinginstituteshave to agree on how to assess the mobilityperiod
  • In ECVET the idea is to assess the student’slearningoutcomeduringmobilitywith the hostcountry/school’scriteria

→ in somecountriesthisis stillnotpossibleaccording to the legislation (Finnishstudentsshouldbeassessedaccording to Finnishcriteriaetc)

→ it is important to useEuropassMobilityCertificateor/andAssessmentform to describein wichextense the studenthasacquired the plannedlearningoutcomes

→ validation and recognisation at home institute

summa summarum
Summa summarum
  • Wait for the instructionsfromnational level (ECVET-points) → changes in VET
  • New morespecificdocuments in studentmobilitycan and shouldalreadybeusedalwayswhenit’spossible (alsorequired in LLP and Erasmus+ etc)