second language acquisition learning n.
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SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION/LEARNING. English Methodology II Mg Roxanna Correa P. 2009. SLA depends on many factors some pertaining to : The learner Learning situation. Learner/ Learning situation.

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second language acquisition learning

SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION/LEARNING

English Methodology II

Mg Roxanna Correa P.

2009

learner learning situation
Learner/ Learning situation
  • Different learners in different situations learn a L2 in different ways.(Ellis, 2008, p 4)
sla versus fla
SLA versus FLA
  • SLA research has tended to follow in the footsteps of L1 acquisition research.
  • SLA is not intended to contrast with foreign language acquisition
acquisition learning
Acquisition / Learning
  • Acquisition refers to “ picking up” a SL through exposure whereas the term Learning is used to refer to the consciuos study of a SL.
acquisition learning1
Acquisition / Learning
  • SLA refers to the subconcious or concious processes by which a language other than the mother tongue is learnt in a natural way or tutored setting (Ellis, 2008, p 6)
slide7
Krashen (1981) formulated the following hypothesis . He argued the there are two mental processes operating in SLA: Conscious Learning (CL) and Subconscious Acquisition (SA).
slide8
CL focuses on grammatical rules,enabling the learner to memorize rules and to identify instances of rule violation.
  • SA faclitates the acquistion of rules at a subconscious level.
slide9
What was new and radical was Krashen’s assertion that these processes were totally separate; that is ; learning could not become acquisition
slide10
A very important point that also needs to be stated is that learning does not “run into” acquisition ( Krashen, 1982:p 83)
key concepts factors in sla
Key concepts/factors in SLA

Linguistic enviroment in which

the learning takes place: Naturalistic

or classroom SLA enviroment

  • 1.Situational factors
  • 2. Input
  • 3. Learner differences

The extent to which the input determines the process of SLA. Can we adapt the input to the learners?

Age, aptitude, intelligence, motivation, needs personality, gognitive style, attitude…

slide12
4. Learner processes
  • 5. Linguistic output

They maybe metacognitive, cognitive, affective or linguistic

The learners use their knowledge of the L2 in predictable ways , but not in the same way in every context.

references
References
  • Cook, V.J., Long, J., & McDonough, S. (1979), ‘First and second language learning’, in G.E. Perren (ed.) The Mother Tongue and Other Languages in Education, CILTR, 7-22
  • Ellis, R. ( 2008) Understanding Second Language Acquisiton, Oxford University Press.
  • Nunan, D. (1999). Second Language Teaching and Learning. Boston:Heinle and Heinle Publishers.