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Mobilizing Industry (24.3) PowerPoint Presentation
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Mobilizing Industry (24.3)

Mobilizing Industry (24.3)

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Mobilizing Industry (24.3)

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  1. Mobilizing Industry (24.3) • War Industries Board (Bernard Baruch): • Govt. decides what is produced, set prices in areas like industry, agriculture, transportation, fuel • Daylight savings time introduced • Production and efficiency increased • Food and Fuel Administration (Hoover) • Wheatless, meatless, gasless, heatless days • Prohibition proposed 1917

  2. Food and Fuel Administrations set up to conserve materials

  3. Mobilizing Labor (24.3 and 24.4) • Labor: • Government set standards for wages, hours, conditions • Worked with unions to prevent strikes • Women took men’s jobs • “act of patriotism” (1 million) • 4 M Blacks moved north to fill factory jobs 1910-1930 • Created opportunities BUT tension • HUGE opportunities for Women / Blacks Bridgeport, CT New Haven, CT

  4. Mobilizing Finance (24.3) • Money: • $35.5 billion to war effort • Billions to allies • Collected through • Taxes (War Revenue Act) • Loans / Gov’t bonds • Pressure to buy…

  5. Standard # 3 • Analyze the role of government and the media on public opinion and civil liberties during WWI • Liberty vs. Security • Which do you value more? • This question comes up often during times of war

  6. Mobilizing Public Opinion: Disloyalty • Civil Liberties Restricted! • Espionage Act 1917– crime to interfere with draft, spying, sabotage. • Sedition Act 1918– crack down on dissent, language… • Schenck v. US • Govt. able to limit speech in special circumstances • 1st Amendment….not always a guarantee • Penalties: Fines up to 10,000, deportations, 20 years in Jail, mail censorship, publications banned and English ONLY!!

  7. Other Civil Liberties • Women gain the right to vote • African Americans – 3,000 lynched in US

  8. Wrap - Up

  9. Assignment • Create a piece of propaganda that either • 1) Is supportive of the American mission in Europe • 2) Is critical of the domestic changes that have occurred in America. • Espionage & Sedition Act • Race Issues • Gender Differences