Final Written Exam • Total marks = 75 marks. • Section I: 20 marks.40 min • Section II: 55 marks.2 hours 20 min
Section I20 marks • Section A:MCQ questions 30 questions • Section B:extended matching questions. 10 questions. • Total number of questions 40 questions . • Each question 1/2 mark. • The questions are only for the second term; Female , eye, ear, skin, nervous system. • 40% of questions from the questions in the MCQ book. • 60% of questions are new from the text book.
Section II55 marks • Short questions. • Involve all the core subjects. • One drawing question either separate for 1or 2 marks or as a part of short question.Pencil
Lymphatic system • Structure , functions and circulation of lymph node. • Structure, functions and circulation of spleen. • Compare lymph node and spleen. • Structure and functions of thymus. • Blood thymic barrier. • Mononuclear phagocytic system. 8
Digestive system: Tube • Lingual papillae and taste buds. • Epithelial cells of Fundal mucosa with diagrams. • Differences between fundus and pylorus of the stomach. • Epithelial cells of small intestinal mucosa with diagrams. • Changes at rectoanal junctions. • Differences between small and large intestine.
Digestive System :glands • Secretory acini of salivary glands(serous,mucous and mucoserous). • Basket cell. • Differences between serous and mucous acini. • Duct system of salivary glands. • Differences between major salivary glands (parotid,submandibular and sublingual). • Exocrine part of pancreas(acini and ducts). • Cells of Islets of Langerhans.
Digestive System :glands • Differences between parotid and pancreas. • Hepatocytes. • Von Kupffer cells. • Space of Disse. • Liver acinus. • Define classic hepatic lobule, portal lobule and liver acinus. • Biliary passages.
Endocrine Glands: • Acidophils and basophils of pars distalis. • Neurosecretory cells. • Suprarenal cortex. • Chromaffin cells. • Thyroid follicles. • Chief and oxyphil cells of parathyroid. • Pinealocytes. • APUD cells.
Urinary System: • Podocytes with diagram.pencil • Blood renal barrier. • Mesangial cells. • Differences between PCT and DCT. • Juxtaglomerular apparatus with diagram. • Male urethra.
Male genital system: • Spermatogenic cells. • Sertoli cells. • Spermatogenesis and factors affecting it. • Interstitial cells of Leydig. • Epithelial lining of genital ducts. • Prostate.
Female genital system: • Ovarian follicles (primordial,primary, secondary,mature Graafian,atretic follicles). • Corpus Luteum. • Ovogenesis. • Compare spermatogenesis and ovogenesis. • Menstrual cycle. • Structure and functions of placenta. • Placental barrier. • Differences between resting and lactating mammary glands.
Eye and Ear: • Compare between cornea and sclera. • Describe histology of cornea. • List and explain causes of transparency of cornea. • Describe histological changes at corneoscleral junction. • Describe refractive media of the eye. • Describe choroid. • Histology of the retina with diagram.pencil
Eye and Ear: • Pigmented epithelium of the retina. • Differences between rods and cones. • Fovea centralis. • Eustachian tube. • Organ of Corti. • Macula and crista ampullaris.
Skin • Histology of thick skin. • Keratinocytes. • Non keratinocytes • Differences between thick skin and thin skin. • Glands of the skin. 18
Nervous System • Neuroglia • Nerve endings • Describe ascending tracts to cortical levels. • Describe lemnisci of the brain stem. • Short tracts in spinal cord; site, origin, termination & function. • Describe corticobulbar tracts and corticospinal tracts; origin, course, termination and function.
Compare superior and inferior level of mid brain. • Red nucleus;charcters,site,connections and functions. • Describe sensory pathways from face and head(pain & temperature, touch, proprioception, auditory and vestibular). • Describe medial longitudinal bundle;definition,site, connections and functions. • Describe blood brain barriers; definition, structure and function.