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Investigation and Research on the Actual Status of Youth Human Rights Compared with International Standards II. Senior Research Fellow: Lee Jong-won Research Fellow: Jang Geun-yeong Research Fellow: Kim Hyeong-joo. 1. Summary of the Research. Purpose of the Research

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Investigation and Research on the Actual Status of Youth Human Rights Compared with International Standards II

Senior Research Fellow: Lee Jong-won

Research Fellow: Jang Geun-yeong

Research Fellow: Kim Hyeong-joo

1 summary of the research
1. Summary of the Research
  • Purpose of the Research
  • To develop the subject matters of investigation for international comparison and survey in 2008 (Qualitative Index).
  • To investigate the actual status, by human right categories, of the local youth and to identify their relevant problems.
  • To suggest the policy direction and tasks by political categories to enhance the youth’s human rights.
  • Research Methods
  • Questionnaires for the youth: 6,800 pupils from junior and senior high schools
  • In-depth interview of the youth: 50 pupils from junior and senior high schools
  • Telephone interview of adults: 1,000 parents who have children attending junior and senior high schools
2 major results 1
2. Major Results(1)

1) Survival Right Category

  • Half of the youth subjects skipped a meal (breakfast) or more per week.
  • Majority of the youth neglected nutritional and health management i.e., not conducting regular physical exercise.
  • Not less than 70% of the youth attended school in spite of being ill.
  • A small minority of juveniles went to the hospital when they were ill.
  • A majority of juveniles slept for 6~7 hours per night, which was less than the daily recommended number of hours of sleep for the youth.
  • Not less than 70% experienced stress from schoolwork; ¼ of them considered their friends as competitors.
2 major results 2
2. Major Results(2)

2) Protection Right Category

  • A majority of juveniles experienced physical punishment from parents, while not less than 2/3 of them experienced punishment from a teacher.
  • More than half of juveniles experienced discrimination by gender or by school record in their daily lives.
  • More than 1/3 of the youth who had part-time jobs experienced improper treatments for being juvenile.
  • A majority of juveniles discussed troubles/worries with their friends rather than with their parents.
2 major results 3
2. Major Results(3)

3) Development Right Category

  • Most youth considered graduating from university or college is an essential condition to: get a good job; obtain a high-level spouse; and be respected in the society.
  • 70% or more of the youth received private education but a majority of them doubted its usefulness.
  • A majority of juveniles had leisure time for approximately 3 hours a day, but the lack of cultural/leisure facility is the biggest dissatisfaction factor of all.
  • Satisfaction on friendship is at a high level, while less than half of the juveniles were not satisfied with their home life and school life.
2 major results 4
2. Major Results(4)

4) Youth Participation Right

  • A majority of juveniles thought their opinions were neglected or passively accepted in the decision-making process at home.
  • Not less than 1/3 of the subjects answered that their parents did not respect their opinions regarding a higher level of education/direction issues.
  • A majority of juveniles had negative response about the controls related with uniform and hairstyle in their school.
  • ¼ of the youth subjects stated that they can give their free opinions to the teacher.
  • In case of punishing pupils in school, only 10% of those who were subjected to punishment were given the explanation/reason why they were being punished.
3 political suggestions
3. Political Suggestions
  • Systematic use of the Youth Human Right Index.

⇒ Investigate the Index in a long-term and continuous basis and

publish the Youth Human Rights White Book.

  • Build social infrastructures to enhance the youth’s human rights.

⇒ Introduce and implement the youth card system by reorganizing youth

level.

  • Establish the system to promote youth human rights policies.

⇒ Designate the department in charge of youth human rights and operate

a policy consulting body.

  • Build the youth human rights monitoring system.

⇒ Introduce and operate the youth human rights ombudsman system.

  • Build the youth human rights protection system.

⇒ Establish and operate the “Cyber Youth Human Right Information

Center.”