the ecuadorian educational system k 12 n.
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The Ecuadorian Educational System K-12

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The Ecuadorian Educational System K-12

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  1. The Ecuadorian Educational System K-12 Maria Mercedes Salmon Head Educational Advisor Fulbright Commission in Ecuador June 2005

  2. The K-12 Structure • 3 levels of education • Pre-Primario (kindergarten = 1 year) • Primario (elementary = 6 years) • Medio (middle/highschool = 6 years) • Básico (3 years) – basic general culture; activities that allow student to choose the specialization that will tie him/her to professional life • Diversificado (3 years) – interdisciplinary approach that allows students the integration of knowledge into the materialization of the profession and the connection with higher education studies

  3. The K-12 Structure • Diversificado • Physics and Mathematics • Chemistry and Biology • Social Sciences • Entrepreneurial • Diploma = Bachillerato • Education is mandatory at the primario (6 years) and medio-ciclo básico (first 3 years)

  4. K-12 Institutions • 5 types • Fiscales (Central Government) • Municipales (Local Government) • Fiscomisionales (Central Government + Religious order) • Particulares (Private) • Reliogiosos (Religious Order) • Laicos (Lay)

  5. The Academic Year • 2 systems: 185 days • Coastal (April – January) • Mountain (September - June) • 3 shifts • Morning • Afternoon • Evening

  6. Ley de Educación y Cultura In force: written in 1983 Reformed: 2001 Regulation of the System

  7. The numbers… • 28,212 institutions