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The Renaissance 1300-1600. The West Rediscovers its Roots. The Renaissance. French for “rebirth” A period of cultural and intellectual exuberance in Europe Europeans rediscover ancient heritage left to them by the ancient Greeks and Romans

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the renaissance 1300 1600

The Renaissance 1300-1600

The West Rediscovers its Roots

the renaissance
The Renaissance
  • French for “rebirth”
  • A period of cultural and intellectual exuberance in Europe
  • Europeans rediscover ancient heritage left to them by the ancient Greeks and Romans
  • Renaissance affected different fields such art, science, and literature
major themes in the renaissance
Major themes in the Renaissance
  • Humanism
    • Focus on the present world instead of the afterlife
    • “Man is the measure of all things.”
      • Man is glorified instead of God
      • Greater emphasis on secular subjects like science, philosophy or literature instead of religion
        • Education means something more than just training priests
major themes in the renaissance1
Major Themes in the Renaissance
  • Rediscovery of Antiquity
    • Ancient Greek and Roman literature studied again
      • Philosophy: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, etc.
      • Art: rediscovering ancient techniques
      • Architecture: Roman techniques studied again
      • Science: rediscovering how the body functions, and how the world works
where did the renaissance take place
Where did the Renaissance take place?
  • Renaissance started in Italy
    • Italian city-states 1300
      • Florence, Venice, Milan, Rome, etc.
  • Renaissance spreads throughout Europe
    • The Netherlands
    • France
    • Germany
    • England
    • Spain
what made the renaissance possible
What made the Renaissance possible?
  • Rise of central government
    • Italian city-states
    • Formation of national governments
      • France, Spain, England
  • Rise in trade
    • Growing feeling of security prompt trade
    • Growing trade means more advanced economic systems
  • Growing urbanization
    • Growing number of educated middle class
what made the renaissance possible1
What made the Renaissance possible?
  • Government support of the arts
    • By European rulers in Italian city-states and new national governments
    • The Roman Catholic Church
  • The Printing Press
    • Invented by Johannes Gutenberg
      • Information becomes more accessible
      • Bookmaking becomes much cheaper
      • Literacy rates increase
who s who in the renaissance
Who’s Who in the Renaissance
  • Art
    • Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Boticelli, Vermeer,
    • Made paintings lifelike, realistic
    • Examples
      • Frescoes in the Sistine Chapel
      • David
      • The Birth of Aphrodite
who s who in the renaissance1
Who’s Who in the Renaissance
  • Literature
    • Dante Alighieri
      • The Divine Comedy, the first work in the modern Italian language
    • Giovanni Boccaccio
      • The Decameron, 100 stories that portray human nature
    • Baldassare Castiglione
      • The Courtier, a book on manners and human nature
    • William Shakespeare
      • English playwright whose writings explore human nature
who s who in the renaissance2
Who’s Who in the Renaissance
  • Philosophy
    • Erasmus of Roterdam
      • In Praise of Folly, criticizes the Catholic Church and hypocrisy of his society
    • Sir Thomas More
      • Utopia, work about a fictional country that criticizes contemporary society
    • Niccolo Machiavelli
      • The Prince, a book that explains politics as it really was
        • The goal of rulers is to stay in power, and they will do anything to keep it.
        • Heavily criticized because he told it like it was
results of the renaissance
Results of the Renaissance
  • Europeans gain a new and broader understanding of their world
  • Rediscovery of ancient knowledge forms foundation for new knowledge
  • Did the Renaissance affect everyone?
    • No. Huge majority of Europeans still illiterate and lived feudal lifestyle
    • But Renaissance sets the stage for greater participation by everyone