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Making a Difference with Vocabulary. Mary Tweedy, Curriculum Support Specialist Keisha Kidd, Curriculum Support Specialist Dr . Millard Lightburn, District Supervisor Department of Mathematics and Science Office of Academics and Transformation. Research.

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Making a Difference with Vocabulary

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    1. Making a Difference with Vocabulary Mary Tweedy, Curriculum Support Specialist Keisha Kidd, Curriculum Support Specialist Dr. Millard Lightburn, District Supervisor Department of Mathematics and Science Office of Academics and Transformation

    2. Research Elementary teachers’ use of language to label and interpret science concepts. Study: Three teachers examined how vocabulary is used in science lessons. Purpose: They explored vocabulary as an interpretive system and as a labeling system in the classroom. Results: The data suggests that labeling is used more extensively than interpretation. Application: Engaging students in inquiry lessons, interpretative language can help students understand the importance of scientific language and understand the process of science. (5 E’s Instructional Model) Nicole J. Glen and Sharon Dotger. 2009. Journal of Elementary Science Education 21 (4): 71–83.

    3. Research Conclusion • Vocabulary knowledge plays a key role in text comprehension. Reference: Nagy and Scott, 2000 • Increases when students (not teachers) make connections between vocabulary terms. (5 E’s) • Increases when students select their own vocabulary words. • Increases when students create their own images and actions to represent word meanings. (5 E’s) • Increases when students use new vocabulary terms in multiple ways (writing, talking, organizing, graphics, etc.) (5 E’s) Reference: Blachowicz and Fisher, 2000

    4. TraditionalVocabulary Strategies • Traditional science lessons have often begun with teachers presenting students with science vocabulary words and asking them to write the words, find the definitions in a dictionary or the glossary of the textbook, match the words to definitions, or use the words in a sentence. • In this traditional model of instruction, words are often presented in isolation and students are tested on the words alone, without application to concepts.

    5. Effective Strategies for Teaching Science Vocabulary • In order for students to develop scientific literacy, they need to gain a knowledge of science content and practice scientific habits of mind. This is impossible without knowledge of science vocabulary. • The upcoming content shares research-based strategies for science vocabulary instruction that are effective for all students, including English language learners. • Adapted from Sarah J. Carrier • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education

    6. Time to Talk (Accountable Talk) • It is important to promote students’ dialogue as they have instructional conversations. (5 E’s - Explain) • Provide students with opportunities to brainstorm ideas about science and encourage them to wonder and talk about the natural world. (5 E’s – Elaborate) For example, teachers can help students learn about the process of science classification. Provide students with sets of objects with varying features like buttons or dried beans and ask students to work in small groups and discuss properties for grouping the objects. When groups share their categories with each other, students have an opportunity to experience “science talk.”

    7. Vocabulary Instruction for all LearnersKinesthetic – Visual - Auditory lungs • Drawings, diagrams, pictures, songs, and video to support the spoken word Mr. Davies Water Cycle Video • Written instructions on word cards or Whiteboard along with verbal instructions • Set-up examples to supplement written lab instructions • Audiotaped instructions alongside written directions • Pictures with words in stages of lab procedures that students can sequence Mix sand and water stir pour

    8. Engage with a Song: Heart and BloodSung to “The Ants Go Marching One by One” The heart is pumping blood for us, Hurrah, hurrah! The heart’s a muscle, fabulous, Hurrah, hurrah! The heart is pumping blood for us, It pumps all day without a fuss, And the blood goes round Because of our pumping heart! The blood supplies us oxygen, Hurrah, hurrah! It’s what our body needs to run, Hurrah, hurrah! The blood supplies us oxygen, And that’s a need for everyone, And the blood goes round Because of our pumping heart! Play Introducing the Human Heart: -

    9. Reading Science Text Cards • Text cards help students interact with words and their meanings. • Teachers can create science text cards by writing statements about science concepts on index cards and/or using online sites: • Text Cards are available online: • Examples: • True/false cards • Agree/disagree cards • Matching pairs • Sequencing • Classification true

    10. Trial 1 Word Lists / Word Banks • Interactive Science Word Wall • Use the science words as much as possible (repetition). • Students can look at the written words as teachers use them during class discussions, and teachers should encourage students to use the language of science in their verbal and written communication. • Work with students to group words into categories. Examples: • Procedure words: observe, compare, describe, measure, investigate, test, recognize, repeat, support • Tools: balance, ruler, tape measure, meter stick, graduated cylinder, measuring cup • Movement words: slide, travel, roll, slow down, speed up, accelerate, sink, float

    11. Science-BasedWord Games • Jeopardy • Hangman • Charades • Bingo • Scrabble • Trivial Pursuit • Pictionary • Twenty questions, Who am I? or What am I? • Online Games - For example: • Breaking words down into smaller words. For example: • invertebrate — in, brat, tea, tear, rate, vertebrae… • photosynthesis – sit, sin, thesis, photos…

    12. Word Parts Teachers can reinforce the structure of words as students identify and interpret prefix, suffix, base word and their meanings: • photosynthesis— photo (light), synth (make), isis (process) • metamorphosis — meta (large) morph (change) osis (process)

    13. Multiple Meaning Words Many words appear in both scientific vocabulary and in everyday speech, including: • matter • volume • observe • variable • conductor • conservation • living • balance • receiver • communicate Use vocabulary strategies to help students to identify the different meanings and applications of words with multiple meanings.

    14. Changes Graphic Organizers rocks Graphic organizers can help to present words with a range of contextual information. weather

    15. hail Most EffectiveVocabulary Strategies • Time to talk (Accountable Talk) • Instructions for all learners (Kinesthetic – Visual – Auditory) • Graphic Organizers • Word Games • Reading science text cards • Word Lists / Word Banks • Word Parts • Foldables( • 5 E’s (Engage, Explore, Explain, Evaluate, & Extend) • Interactive Notebooks (IAN) • Utilizes the above strategies.

    16. More Strategies • Vocabulary Maps • Concept of Definition Maps • Venn Diagram • Contextual Analysis • Frayer Model • Word Elaboration • Sentence and Word Expansion • On-line Glossaries - rocks igneous

    17. Vocabulary in ActionSamples from Science and Children Magazine

    18. Vocabulary Samples Frayer Model Windowpane example

    19. Foldables Gr. 5 Campbell Drive K – 8 Center Grade 5 – Kinloch Park ES

    20. Bag-and-Tag Word Walls Science and Children Magazine Gr. 5 Campbell Drive K – 8 Center

    21. Vocabulary Samples Vocabulary map Venn diagram Grade 5 – Kinloch Park ES

    22. Vocabulary Samples Classification Foldable -characteristics Grade 5 – Kinloch Park ES

    23. Authentic Science Vocabulary Samples

    24. HATS OFF TO SCIENCEBy Julie K. Jackson and Nancy NewellScience and Children Magazine Nov. 2012 Students bring vocabulary to life by creating science-themedhats for a fifth-grade parade.

    25. “Hats Off to Science” Planning Template • My science vocabulary word is: __________________ • This word means: _________________________________ • My decorating plan includes: _________________________________ • Materials that I will need: __________________________________

    26. Hat Parade Samples

    27. Hat Parade on Display

    28. ?. Questions

    29. Reflections Next steps for me include …