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Shoguns and Samurais . 700 C.E. Japan built a new Capital. Nara - for the next 100 years it is known as the Nara Period. NARA looked like a copy of the Chinese Capital Changan. But Smaller. Nara had broad streets and large public squares. Todai-Ji Great Buddha Hall in Nara.

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700 c e japan built a new capital
700 C.E. Japan built a new Capital
  • Nara - for the next 100 years it is known as the Nara Period
write this down
Write this down.

Nara

Capital

1. The city of ________ became the new __________ of Japan.

2. The ___________ culture became a major influence in the city.

3. The city has ___________ temples and ________ shrines throughout.

4. The Chinese influence is seen in the ________________ and ___________.

Chinese

Buddhist

Shinto

Architecture

Religion

the emperor s government
The Emperor’s Government

They organized the government officials by rank. Emperor gave jobs to people in powerful families and they can pass it down to their son. For their service they received large estates and Farms.

  • Japanese emperors added to the changes begun by Prince Shotoku
nobles estates
Nobles Estates
  • The Emperor gave Nobles farmers to farm the land
emperor s power came from his control of the land and its crops
Emperor’s Power came from his control of the land and its crops.

>Japan had a Census, a counting of the population.

>People paid taxes in rice and silk cloth.

>Men had to serve in the Army

write this down1
Write this down.

Nobles

Families

5. Emperors would pick _________ from powerful __________ to help govern.

6. Nobles would be given _______ and __________ to work the land.

7. A counting of the population is called a _________.

8. Taxes were paid to the emperor with ______ and ____________.

9. Men had to serve in the _______.

Farms

Farmers

Census

Rice

Silk Cloth

Army

buddhism spreads in japan
Buddhism Spreads in Japan
  • As the government grew strong, Buddhism became more popular in Japan.

Buddhism came to Japan from Korea

500 C.E

buddhism spreads
Buddhism Spreads
  • Japanese government officials and nobles were the first to accept the new Religion.

600-700 C.E. Buddhism spread to the common people.

buddhism spreads1
Buddhism Spreads
  • Soon Buddhism became a major religion in Japan and played a major role in the government
buddhism spreads2
Buddhism Spreads
  • Buddhism became more powerful and now there was opposition to the religion and now the fighting starts for control of the government
buddhism spreads3
Buddhism Spreads
  • Instead of fighting with the Buddhist the emperor left Nara and all the Buddhist monks
write this down2
Write this down

Japan

Korea

10. Buddhism came to _______ from _________.

11. ________ were the first to embrace Buddhism then the _________________.

12. Buddhism became a major ________ in Japan and it became a part of the _______________.

13. Eventually __________ grew between the Buddhist and the Shintoist.

Nobles

Common people

Religion

Government

Conflict

the government weakens
the government weakens
  • 794 C.E. Emperor Kammu move the capital to Heian, later was called Kyoto.

Just like Nara a lot of Chinese influence found

the government weakens1
The Government Weakens
  • 800 C.E. Emperors power declines. Why? After a time of strong Emperors, a number of weak emperors came to power. Many were children

Many Had Regents – people who rule for someone too young or too sick.

government weakens
Government Weakens
  • Emperors grew up and the regents would not give up their power. Most regents came from the Fujiwara Clan

Under the Fujiwara Emperors were honored but did not rule instead the emperors studied Buddhism. Or wrote poetry in their palace at Heian

fujiwara
Fujiwara
  • Fujiwara gained wealth and nobles gained land. Japan gained more territory and to keep everyone happy nobles stopped paying taxes and peasants had to pay more
write this down3
Write this down!

Nara

Heian

14. Emperor Kammu moved the capital from _______ to ________.

15. Emperors went from _________ to ________ many were ___________.

16. Many Emperors were too __________ and they had __________ to help rule.

17. These regents were from the __________ clan.

18. Fujiwara grew to great ________.

Strong

Weak

Children

Young

Regents

Fujiwara

Power

who were the samurai
Who Were The Samurai
  • To protect the land and enforce law, Nobles formed private armies. They gave land to Warriors in return protection

These warriors were called SAMURAI

samurais
Samurais
  • Samurais fought on horseback with swords, daggers, bows and arrows. Their armor was leather with steel scales threaded together with silk cords.

Helmets had horns or crest with scary masks.

samurai code
Samurai Code
  • Samurai means “to Serve” and Samurais live by a strict code called the Bushido “the way of the warrior”.

The Code demanded them to be loyal to their master

They have to be brave, courageous, honorable and not care about wealth

samurai code1
Samurai code
  • Samurai would rather die than betray their lord or being captured. The loyalty of the Japanese lasted all the way to Kamikaze pilots of WWII.
write this down4
Write this down!

Warriors

Samurais

19. Nobles needed protection so they hired ___________ called ___________.

20 . Samurais were given _______.

21. Samurais fought on _____________ with ________, daggers, ______ and Arrows.

22. Samurais follow a code called

__________ and they will serve their ________.

23. Samurais would rather _____than disgrace the code.

Land

Horseback

Swords

Bows

Bushido

Master

Die

the rise of the shogun
The Rise of the Shogun
  • Japan’s local government and the Emperors became dominated by Military Rulers called Shoguns.
what is a shogun
What is a Shogun?
  • By 1100 C.E. the most powerful families begun fighting each other using their Samurai armies. They fought for land and to gain control over the emperors government
gempei war
Gempei War
  • This war was between the 2 most powerful families, the Taira Clan and the Minamoto Clan. Minamoto beat Taira in a sea battle near Shikoku island.
minamoto yoritomo
MinamotoYoritomo

The Emperor from the Yamato family was worried the Minamoto Family would try to replace them. So they rewarded Yoritomo to keep him loyal to the Yamato Clan.

  • He was the commander of the Minamoto Clan.
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Write this down!

Shoguns

24. Military Leaders were called ______________.

25. By 1100 C.E. powerful _______ started to fight against each other with ___________ armies.

26. 2 clans fought, _______ against ______________ and the ____________ won.

27. ____________ was commander of the Minamoto clan.

Clans

Samurai

Taira

Minamoto

Minamoto

Yoritomo

the 1 st shogun
The 1st SHOGUN
  • 1192 the emperor gave the title of SHOGUN to Yoritomo. Shogun means commander of all of the emperors military forces.
2 governments
2 Governments
  • Emperor decided to set up 2 governments
  • 1 in Heian with Emperor in charge
  • Second in Kamakura led by the Shogun

It was Known as a Shogunate

A government run by the Shogun and Military rule.

It will last for 700 years

yoritomo
Yoritomo

Was a ruthless ruler, killed most of his family because he feared they would over throw him.

yorimoto and the shoguns after him
Yorimoto and the Shoguns after him.
  • Appointed high ranking Samurais to Govern the provinces, collect taxes, and keep the peace.

The Samurai bound by oath and loyalty to the Shogun. They became the leading group in Japan.

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Write this down!

Yoritomo

Shogun

28. The Yamato rewarded _____________ with the title of ___________.

29. The Emperor set up _ governments 1 in __________ and 1 in _____________.

30. Kamakura was controlled by Yoritomo and was called ____________.

31. Yoritomo was a __________ ruler.

32. Shoguns appointed ____________ to govern the province, collect _________, and Keep the ________.

2

Heian

Kamakura

Shogunate

Ruthless

Samurais

Taxes

Peace

the mongols attack
The Mongols Attack!
  • Kamakura Shogunate greatest challenge was when the Mongols invaded Japan in 1274 and 1281.

Led by Kublai Khan

the mongols attack1
The Mongols Attack
  • Kublai Khan sent out ships and warriors to invade Japan but the Mongols were defeated by the violent Pacific storms.
the mongols attack2
The Mongols Attack
  • The storms smashed the Mongols ships and the troops that made it ashore were easily defeated by the Japanese
typhoons
Typhoons
  • Japanese named the mighty TYPHOONS – KAMIKAZES which means “divine wind” to honor the Spirits that saved the island .
kamikazes
Kamikazes
  • During WWII Japanese Pilots took the name because of the sacrifice to protect the island.
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Write this down!

Kublai Khan

Mongol

33. _______________ was the emperor of the ___________ empire.

34. In 1274 and 1281 the _________ invaded Japan. On their way they hit violent _______.

35. Mongol Ships were __________ , the boats and troops that made it were ___________ by the Japanese.

36. The ____________ were named ____________ which means “divine _______”

37. Japanese WWII Pilots were named ______________ .

Mongols

Storms

Smashed

Defeated

Typhoons

Kamikazes

Wind

Kamikazes

the daimyo divide japan
The Daimyo Divide Japan
  • Kamakura Shogunate ruled Japan until 1333 C.E.. Many Samurais grew resentful, land kept getting divided between the Samurais and it was getting smaller and smaller. Their loyalty to the Shogun weakened.
emperor rebells against the shogun
Emperor rebells against the Shogun

>The Samurais help the emperor with the rebellion and the revolt was a success. The emperor did not gain total control and the loyalty of the Samurai because he did not give them more land.

ashikaga takauji
Ashikaga Takauji
  • Was a general who turned against the Emperor and named himself Shogun in 1333. Ashikaga shogunate began.
ashikaga shoguns
Ashikaga Shoguns
  • Proved to be weak and revolts broke out across Japan. Soon the country was divided into small territories and controlled by military lords called daimyo (DY•mee•OH).
the daimyo pledge loyalty
The daimyo pledge loyalty
  • To the emperor and the shogun. However they ruled their land like a small kingdom. To protect their lands the daimyo had samurai armies.
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Write this down!

Respect

Shoguns

38. Samurais started to lose __________ towards the ___________.

39. Samurais aided the ___________ in a revolt against the ________________________.

40. The revolt was successful but the emperor did not gain control, ____________ _________ made himself Shogun.

41. He proved himself to be _______. Japan broke into _______ territories.

42. They were controlled by the _________.

they pledge loyalty to the _________ and the___________.

Emperor

Kamakura Shogunate

Ashikaga

Takauji

Weak

Small

Daimyo

Emperor

Shoguns

samurais became vassals
Samurais became vassals
  • To the Daimyo and they pledge loyalty to the Daimyo and serve in times of war. In return the daimyo gave them land. The bond of loyalty between lord and vassal is Feudalism.
the 10 year onin war
The 10 Year Onin War

Japan’s Warriors fought each other from 1467-1477. Heian, the capital, is now Kyoto, was almost completely destroyed. They burned temples and palaces as they passed through.

100 years after the war
100 years after the war
  • Japan tried to unite the country under 1 ruler. They continued to fight Shoguns and daimyo but they were too weak to overcome and rule.
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Write this down!

Loyalty

43. The Samurai pledge _________ to the daimyo. This bond between lord and vassal is called ____________.

44. The _______ war lasted ___ years and Japan’s ____________ fought for control. The city of ________ was almost completely destroyed.

45. For the next _____ years __________ and __________ fought for control of Japan none were strong enough to unite the country.

Feudalism

Onin

10

Samurais

Heian

100

Shoguns

Daimyo