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The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Part A : Social and Economic Rights Prof. Dr. Monika Böhm. Why adopt a written Charter?. Part A : Social and Economic Rights – Work, Health and Education. Introduction Overview of the Charter

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the charter of fundamental rights of the european union

The Charter of Fundamental Rightsofthe European Union

Part A : SocialandEconomicRights

Prof. Dr. Monika Böhm

part a social and economic rights work health and education
Part A: SocialandEconomicRights – Work, Healthand Education
  • Introduction
  • Overviewofthe Charter
  • Dispute abouttheadoptionofthe Charter
  • Discussion: Visibilityandguidanceforthe ECJ versus national sovereignty
  • Dispute aboutthescopeofsocialandeconomicrights
  • Work
  • Health
  • Education
  • Discussion: Importanceandmeaningofsocialandeconomicrights in the Charter of Fundamental Rights
  • Protocol on the application of the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union to Poland and to the United Kingdom
  • Conclusion
ii overview of the charter 1 preamble
II. OverviewoftheCharter1. Preamble

“The peoples of Europe, in creating an ever closer union among them, are resolved to share a peaceful future based on common values.

….

ii overview of the charter 1 preamble1
II. Overviewofthe Charter 1. Preamble

….

The Union contributes to the preservation and to the development of these common values while respecting ….. the national identities of the Member States ….

….

ii overview of the charter 1 preamble2
II. OverviewoftheCharter 1. Preamble

….

To this end, it is necessary to strengthen the protection of fundamental rights in the light of changes in society, social progress and scientific and technological developments by making those rights more visible in a Charter.

….

ii overview of the charter 1 preamble3
II. OverviewoftheCharter 1. Preamble

….

The Union therefore recognizes the rights, freedoms and principles set out hereafter.”

ii overview of the charter
II. Overviewofthe Charter

There are not only rights but freedoms and principles as well.

What does that mean for the scope of social and economic rights and for the competences of the EU and the Member States?

ii overview of the charter 2 contents
II. OverviewoftheCharter 2. Contents

Title 1 Dignity (Art. 1-5)

Title 2 Freedoms (Art. 6-19)

Title 3 Equality (Art. 20-26)

Title 4 Solidarity (Art. 27-38)

Title 5Citizens`Rights(Art. 39-46)

Title 6 Justice (Art. 47-50)

Title 7 General Provisions Governing the Interpretation and Application of the Charter (Art. 51-54)

iii dispute about the adoption of the charter civitas org uk 1 arguments for the charter
III. Dispute abouttheadoptionofthe Charter - civitas.org.uk - 1. Arguments FORthe Charter
  • The Charter makes the rights of EU citizens visible and brings them together in one document.
  • The Charter provides judges with an explicit guide to fundamental rights, rather than leaving them to interpret vaguely worded agreements.
iii dispute about the adoption of the charter civitas org uk 2 arguments against the charter
III. Dispute abouttheadoptionofthe Charter - civitas.org.uk - 2. Arguments AGAINSTthe Charter

When the CFR became legally binding, the EU acquired jurisdiction over many aspects of employment and social life that had previously been considered to be the responsibility of elected national governments. Many rights would be better dealt with by elected politicians, who have a mandate to determine their country´s priorities, rather than unelected judges.

v dispute about the scope of social and economic rights
V. Dispute aboutthescopeofsocialandeconomicrights

Thereis a differencebetween

“individually justiciable classic rights” (civil and political rights) and new social and economic rights which are not justiciable in the same way.

(Lord Goldsmith QC, UK Government´s representative in the Convention)

v dispute about the scope of social and economic rights1
V. Dispute aboutthescopeofsocialandeconomicrights

Such principles “only give rise to rights to the extent that they are implemented by national law or, in those areas where there is such competence, by Community law”.

(Lord Goldsmith QC, UK Government´s representative in the Convention)

vi work 1 article 15 cfr freedom to choose an occupation and right to engage in work
VI. Work1. Article 15 CFR Freedom to choose an occupation and right to engage in work

(1) Everyone has the right to engage in work and to pursue a freely chosen or accepted occupation.

….

vi work 2 article 16 cfr freedom to conduct a business
VI. Work2. Article 16 CFR Freedom to conduct a business

The freedom to conduct a business in accordance with Union law and national laws and practices is recognized.

vi work 3 articles 27 34 cfr
VI. Work3. Articles 27-34 CFR

Art. 27: Workers´ right to information and consultation within the undertaking

Art. 28: Right of collective bargaining and action

Art. 29: Right of access to placement services

Art. 30: Protection in the event of unjustified dismissal

Art. 31: Fair and just working conditions

Art. 32: Prohibition of child labour and protection of young people at work

Art. 33: Family and professional life

Art. 34: Social security and social assistance

vii health 1 articles 2 and 3 cfr right to life to the integrity of the person
VII. Health1. Articles 2 and 3 CFR (Righttolife/totheintegrityoftheperson)

Art. 2 (1): Everyone has the right to life.

Art. 3 (1): Everyone has the right to respect for his or her physical and mental integrity.

vii health 2 article 35 cfr health care
VII. Health2. Article 35 CFR (Health Care)

Everyone has the right of access to preventive health care and the right to benefit from medical treatment under the conditions established by national laws and practices. A high level of human health protection shall be ensured in the definition and implementation of all the Unions`s policies and activities.

vii health discussion guarantee of minimum rights or mere reference to national laws and practices
VII. Health- Discussion: Guaranteeofminimumrightsormerereferenceto national lawsandpractices?
viii education 1 article 14 cfr right to education
VIII. Education1. Article 14 CFR Righttoeducation

(1) Everyone has the right to education and to have access to vocational and continuing training.

(2) This right includes the possibility to receive free compulsory education.

(3) The freedom to found educational establishments with due respect for democratic principles and the right of parents to ensure the education and teaching of their children in conformity with their religious, philosophical and pedagogical convictions shall be respected in accordance with the national laws governing the exercise of such freedom and right.

viii education 2 article 2 of the protocol to the echr
VIII. Education2. Article 2 of the Protocol to the ECHR

No person shall be denied the right to education. In the exercise of any functions which it assumes in relation to education and to teaching, the State shall respect the right of parents to ensure such education and teaching in conformity with their own religious and philosophical convictions.

viii education 4 uk government dius and dcsf
VIII. Education 4. UK-Government (DIUS and DCSF)

(1) The Charter right is expressed as a positive right, whereas the ECHR right was expressed as a negative right “Right not to be denied education”.

viii education 5 the right to education and the european court of human rights
VIII. Education5. The right to education and the European Court of Human Rights

Positive right to education, notwithstanding its negative formulation or right to just distribution (of places at university)?

slide27

IX. Discussion: Importance and meaning of social and economic rights in the Charter of Fundamental RightsRights or guiding principles for the legislator (and the other EU-institutions, for example the European Central Bank – impact of monetary policy on employment)?

slide28
X. Protocol on the application of the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union to Poland and to the United KingdomArticle 1:

(1) The Charter does not extend the ability of the Court of Justice of the European Union, or any court or tribunal of Poland or of the United Kingdom, to find that the laws, regulations or administrative provisions, practices or action of Poland or of the United Kingdom are inconsistent with the fundamental rights, freedoms and principles that it reaffirms.

slide29
X. Protocol on the application of the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union to Poland and to the United KingdomArticle 1:

(2) In particular, and for the avoidance of doubt, nothing in Title IV of the Charter creates justiciable rights applicable to Poland or for the United Kingdom except in so far as Poland or the United Kingdom has provided for such rights in its national law.

xi conclusion
XI. Conclusion

Visibility

Guidance

Field ofApplication?