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The State of Mentoring in Michigan
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  1. The State of Mentoring in Michigan Report on the Mentor Michigan Census: Wave I, Fall 2004 Robert W. Kahle, Ph.D. Kahle Research Solutions Inc.Ferndale, MI 48220(248) 541-6200 rwkahle@KahleResearch.com October 12, 2004

  2. Organization of This Presentation I. Background and Introduction- Objectives- Defining Mentoring- Conceptual Overview…Mentoring Funnel- Methods Used to Conduct the MentorMichigan Census Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  3. Organization of This Presentation(Cont’d) II. Key Findings- Overview of Key Funnel Measures- Mentee and Mentor Demographics- Organizational Profile- Michigan’s Mentoring Gap III: Strategic Challenges- Q&A and Discussion Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  4. Mentor Michigan Census Objectives 1. Identify, count, describe and track-Mentoring organizations-Mentoring programs-Matches, Mentors and Mentees 2. Understand program components, processes, resources and needs 3. Encourage and support program evaluation Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  5. Defining Mentoring Mentoring is a structured and trusting relationship that brings young people together with caring individuals who offer guidance, support and encouragement aimed at developing the competence and character of the mentee. (National Mentoring Partnership) Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  6. Defining Mentoring Responsible mentoring can take many forms: • Traditional mentoring(one adult to one young person) • Group mentoring(one adult to up to four young people) • Team mentoring(several adults working with small groups of young people, in which the adult to youth ratio is not greater than 1:4) • Peer mentoring(caring youth mentoring other youth) • E-mentoring(mentoring via e-mail and the internet) Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  7. The Mentoring Funnel Recruitment MentorPreparation andSelection Mentoring Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  8. The Mentoring Funnel Awareness Interest Inquiry Application Background Checks Training Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  9. The Mentoring Funnel Awareness Interest Inquiry Application Background Checks Training Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  10. The Mentoring Funnel Awareness Interest Inquiry Application Background Checks Training Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  11. Awareness Interest Inquiry Application Background Checks Training Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer Outcomes for… Children Adults Mentoring Organizations Communities State of MI Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  12. Method Mentor MI Registry 156 Organizationsas of Oct. 1 Mentor MI CensusWave I Wave II – Spring 2005 105Complete Wave III – Fall 2005 Wave IV – Spring 2006 Wave V – Fall 2006 Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  13. Special Thanks • BBBS of Northwestern MI • BBBS of Marquette County • Alpena Public Schools • BBBS of Otsego County • BBBS of Sault St. Marie • Central Michigan University • BBBS of Northeast Michigan • Child and Family Services of the UP • Baraga County 4 H Youth Programs • Brethren High School • Oscoda County FIA

  14. Method • On-line survey • Data collected between September 9 and September 29, 2004 • Data collected at both organizational and program levels • Mentoring organization representatives involved in design and pre-test • Special focus in Wave I on mentoring organizations Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  15. Context and Comparison Three key sources of roughlycomparable data: National Mentoring Partnership online survey of Michigan Organizations (2003) National Mentoring Partnership National Prevalence Study (2002) National Mentoring Partnership National Prevalence Study (2000) Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  16. Overview of FindingsKey Funnel Measures Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  17. How Many Inquiries?Applications? 5,823: New inquiries in 2004 3,976: New written applications received from potential mentors 2,017: Mentors on waiting lists 2,345: Children on waiting lists Awareness Interest Inquiry Application Background Checks Training Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer 2003 NMP survey showed 475 mentorsand 2661 children and on waiting lists Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  18. Mentor Background Checks? Awareness Interest Inquiry Criminal Background 89% Application Background Checks Training Personal Interviews 86% Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer 83% Written Application Character References 79% 70 75 80 85 90 Background checks up from 61% in 2003 survey, comparable to national norms Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  19. 0 20 40 60 80 Mentor Background Checks? Awareness Interest Inquiry Drivers Lic./Driving Record Application Background Checks Training 64% Sex Offender Registry 60% Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer Child Abuse Registry 40% 3% Credit Do None ofthe Above 3% Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  20. 0 10 20 30 Mentor Training Required Percent of Organizations Requiring... Awareness Interest Inquiry Application Background Checks Training None 11% 25% 1-2 Hours Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer 23% 2-4 Hours 4-8 Hours 14% Only 75% require training, but up from 59% in 2003 9+ Hours 13% 14% Other/DK Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  21. How Many Children Served?How Many Mentors? 16,574: Young people mentored in 2004 9,108: Active mentors 22,500:Estimated active mentor/mentee relationships in MI as of fall 2004 Awareness Interest Inquiry Application Background Checks Training Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer This compares to 17,710 young people mentored as counted in 2003 online survey and 3,711 from 2000 NMP prevalence study Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  22. More or Less Mentoring? 45: Organizations reporting an increase in matches in 2004 14: Organizations reporting a decrease in matches in 2004 2,195: increase in new matches in 2004 - 848: decrease in matches in 2004 1,347: net increase in matches in 2004 Awareness Interest Inquiry Application Background Checks Training Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  23. Number/Percent of Children Served by Mentoring Type* Peer 12%1,714 • One to one mentoring is most common and accounts for more than half of all active matches Team 19%2,778 E-mentoring <1% 72 Proportion of one-to-one mentoring is down from 2003 and below national norms Group 17%2,511 One-to-One 52%7,696 * 1,803 matches not categorized by respondents Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  24. Reported Minimum Weekly Mentoring Intensity Awareness Interest Inquiry No MinimumTime Required 19% Application Background Checks Training 28% 1 Hour per Week Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer 23% 2 Hours per Week 10% 3-5 Hours per Week Intensity has increased slightly since 2003 4% 6+ Hours per Week 0 10 20 30 Don’t know/no answer not shown Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  25. Reported Average Match Duration Awareness Interest Inquiry Avg. Match Duration <5 Months 7% Application Background Checks Training Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer Avg. Match Duration6-12 Months 48% Avg. Match Duration 12 Months to 5 Years 34% Match duration has increased since 2003 and is well above national norms 0 10 20 30 40 50 Don’t know/no answer not shown Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  26. Mentor Tenure • Only 57% of organizations track tenure of mentors Awareness Interest Inquiry 2nd Year(1229) 1st Year(1789) Application Background Checks Training • Referral from existing mentors is most effective recruitment approach: 44% of organizations indicate referrals work best. A distant second is college-based recruitment (11%) and third, faith-based recruitment (9%). Mentoring Duration & Intensity Repeat & Refer 29% 42% 3rd Year(338) 8% 7% 4% 10% 4th Year(278) 6+ Years(453) 5th Year(169) Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  27. Evaluation Process Outcome Yes -Internal Yes -Internal 57% 49% Yes - External 7% 21% 21% Yes -Combination Yes -Combination 6% 23% 16% Yes - External No/DK No/DK Reported evaluation is up significantly from2003 and comparable to national norms Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  28. Mentee and Mentor Demographics Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  29. Mentee Profile Mentee Gender 44%Male 56%Female Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  30. Gender of Mentees and Mentors Mentee Gender Mentor Gender 34%Male 44%Male 66%Female 56%Female Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  31. 18-252% 15-1818% 6-1135% 12-1445% Mentee Profile Mentee Age Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  32. 18-252% 65+8% <1817% 15-1818% 55-6516% 6-1135% 18-2526% 25-5533% 12-1445% Age of Mentees and Mentors Mentee Age Mentor Age Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  33. Mentee Profile Mentee Race/Ethnicity Caucasian44% African-Am.47% Other <1% Arab-Am. <1% Hispanic 5% Native Am. 2% Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  34. Race of Mentees and Mentors MenteeRace/Ethnicity Mentor Race/Ethnicity Caucasian44% Caucasian76% African-Am.47% African-Am.22% Hispanic 2% Other <1% Native Am. <1% Arab-Am. <1% Arab-Am. <1% Hispanic 5% Native Am. 2% Other <1% Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  35. Organizational Profile Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  36. Mentoring Organizational Profile • Non-profit organizations account for most mentoring organizations Business 1% Other 4% High Ed.4% Faith Based 6% Gov't. Orgs. 9% Distribution is similar to national Schools 17% Non-Profits59% Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  37. Role of Mentoring Within Organizations • About half of the organizations see mentoring as their primary or a major part of their purpose Major Part11% Primary40% Small Part 13% One of Several36% Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  38. Budgets of Mentoring Organizations • Three of ten programs operate with less than $25K annually • 17% operate with more than $300K annually 19% 0-$5K 11% $5-25K 21% $25-100K 21% $100-300K 9% $300-500K 8% $500K + 11% Don't Know 0 5 10 15 20 25 Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  39. Organizational Experience With Mentoring Programs • Nearly half of the organizations have more than 10 years experience • Fewer than one in ten is in its first year of operations 1 year or less9% 1-2 years9% 10+ years46% 2-3 years 9% 3-5 years 9% 5-10 years 20% Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  40. Board Roles and Degree of Involvement Board Involvement Very 21% 27% Board of Directors 6% 22%NO 78%YES 37% 31% 27% Somewhat Mentor Planning Fundraising Recruitment Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  41. 0 10 20 30 40 50 Organizational Needs from Board • Boards are actively involved in fundraising, but programs want more board help with mentor recruitment Fundraising 50% Mentor Recruitment 45% Program Planning 14% ProgramEvaluation 7% Mentor Training 7% Match Supervision 4% Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  42. Michigan’s Mentoring GapMichigan Population: 10,050,446* Recruitment Potential MentorsAdults 22+: 6,913,793 PreparationandSelection Mentoring 22,500 Estimated Matches * U.S. Census Bureau population estimate, 2002 Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  43. Michigan’s Mentoring GapMichigan Population: 10,050,446* Low Risk 50% Potential MenteesYouth Age 10-17: 1,205,047 90% NotCandidates Moderate Risk 25% Candidates High Risk 15% Candidates NotCandidates Very High Risk 10% Estimated Michigan youth in need of a Mentor: 602,524 * U.S. Census Bureau population estimate, 2002 Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  44. Michigan’s Mentoring GapMichigan Population: 10,050,446* Potential Mentees Potential Mentors GAP: 580,024 children who are good candidates for mentoring and are not currently matched Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.

  45. Strategic Challenges Q & A Discussion Mentor Michigan Census, Wave I, Fall 2004, Kahle Research Solutions Inc.