Classifying Countries Measuring Development
Grouping Countries • Measuring the degree to which a country actively participates in the globalized world • Three major areas for consideration: 1) Economic Development – a country’s material wealth and trade, which is determined by its GDP/capita, ratios of cars to people, and per capita electrical power capacity for example;
2) Social Development – level of education, healthcare, life expectancy, and rate of infant mortality; 3) Political Maturity – measured by considering factors such as whether a country is democratic, has a low level of corruption, a functioning and established electoral system and rule of law.
Measuring Social and Economic Development • The UN Human Development Index (HDI) • Identify the top 10 countries with the highest HDI and the bottom 10 with the lowest • What patterns do you observe on the HDI ranking list?
Other Indicators • At your table, choose 3 other indicators from the list of examples on page 42 of your textbook. Discuss the following: • What the indicator might reveal about the social and economic development of the country and how/why; • What the indicator does NOT tell us about the country’s level of development
Mapping a Developing Worldhttp://worldmap.canadiangeographic.ca/ • Analyze the CIDA graded-shaded world map and select three countries to compare – one from the low, medium and high HDI ranking. Compare the following: • Population • Life expectancy (male/female) • Primary school enrollment • GDP/capita
CIDA Map Activity • In your group, use the map, graphs and written section of the CIDA map entitled Canadians making a difference in the world Answer the following questions on your laptop (Compare Canada to another country in Africa: 1. Roughly how many people live in extreme poverty throughout the world? 2. Identify the top three regions of the world where most people survive on less than $1/day. 3. Brainstorm a few reasons that might explain the low level of development in these regions. 4. According to CIDA, what is needed in order for social and economic development to begin in a country? 5. Analyze the global literacy graph at the bottom of the map. Make two observations about the trends on the graph. What might account for these trends?