Chechnya. Marc Gerst. Where is Chechnya?. What Is Chechnya?. Discussion Questions 1 & 2. History. Surrounded by vastly different ethnic groups Chechens have long sought their own national identity.
PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chechnya' - bryant
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When the Soviet Union broke up in the early 1990s several Republics gained their independence. An independence movement started in Chechnya but was opposed by Boris Yeltsin who argued:
(1) Chechnya had not been an independent entity within the Soviet Union – as the Baltic, Central Asian, and other Caucasian States had – but was a part of the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic and hence did not have a right under the Soviet constitution to secede;
(2) Other ethnic groups inside Russia, such as the Tatars, would join the Chechens and secede from the Russian Federation if they were granted that right; and
(3) Chechnya was at a major chokepoint in the oil-infrastructure of the country and hence would hurt the country's economy and control of oil resources
More terrorists attacks and bombings on Civilian targets occur in Russia.
November 16, 1996 - Dagestani terrorists blew up an apartment building in Kaspiysk (Dagestan); 69 persons, mostly relatives of border guards, died.
April 23, 1997 - A bomb exploded in the Russian railway station of Armavir; 3 people died.
May 28, 1997 - Explosion in the Russian railway station of Pyatigorsk; 2 people died.
December 22, 1997 - "Dagestani Central Liberation Front" and the Arab warlord Ibn al-Khattab raided the base of the 136th Armoured Brigade of the Russian Army in Buinaksk (Dagestan), destroying its motor pool of some 300 vehicles, including 50 T-72 tanks, and killing scores of soldiers.
April 16, 1998 - A Russian army convoy was ambushed in Ingushetia near the Chechnya border; a general, two colonels and 3 soldiers were killed and Ingush militants were blamed.
March 19, 1999 - An explosion in the Central market of Vladikavkaz (North Ossetia); 64 people died.
April 7, 1999 - Chechen gunmen killed 4 Russian policemen patrolling the border near Stavropol.
The seizure on October 23, 2002 of a crowded Moscow theatre by armed Chechen men and women who claimed allegiance to the separatist movement in Chechnya. They took over 900 hostages and demanded the withdrawal of Russian forces from Chechnya.
Russian Spetsnatz stormed the building after unleashing an unknown gas. In the ensuing battle 33 militants and 128 hostages died. Most from the deadly gas.
Putin defended the raid saying Russian troops “achieved the near impossible, saving hundreds, hundreds of people”