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BACKGROUND INFORMATION. WHAT IS ASBESTOS? IT IS: A NATURALLY OCCURING MINERAL FOUND THROUGHOUT THE WORLD . BACKGROUND INFORMATION. HOW IS ASBESTOS PRODUCED? STRIP/OPEN MINING HOW DOES IT GET ITS NAME? GREEK ADJECTIVE- INEXTINGUISHABLE GREEK MIRACLE MINERAL. BACKGROUND INFORMATION.

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background information
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • WHAT IS ASBESTOS?
  • IT IS:
    • A NATURALLY OCCURING MINERAL
    • FOUND THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
background information1
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • HOW IS ASBESTOS PRODUCED?
    • STRIP/OPEN MINING
  • HOW DOES IT GET ITS NAME?
    • GREEK ADJECTIVE-
      • INEXTINGUISHABLE
    • GREEK MIRACLE MINERAL
background information2
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • WHERE IS ASBESTOS PRODUCED?
    • FORMER SOVIET UNION
    • CANADA
    • SOUTH AFRICA
    • LIMITED IN USA
background information3
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • WHO USES ASBESTOS NOW?
    • EUROPEAN, ASIAN COUNTRIES
    • CANADA AND MEXICO
    • SOUTH AMERICA
    • UNITED STATES
      • NO CURRENT BAN
      • ONLY A BAN ON VISIBLE EMMISSIONS
      • REGULATORY IMPLICATIONS LIMIT USE
background information4
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • GROUPS OF ASBESTOS
    • SERPENTINE
      • SHEET/LAYERED
      • CHRISOTILE (95%)
    • AMPHIBOLE
      • CHAIN LIKE
      • AMOSITE
      • CROCIDOLITE
      • ANTHOPHYLLITE
      • TREMOLITE
      • ACTINOLITE
background information5
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • FRIABLE VS. NON-FRIABLE
    • FRIABLE
      • CRUMBLED BY HAND PRESSURE
      • SANDED,GROUND
      • ABILITY TO BE AIRBORNE
    • NON-FRIABLE
      • HARD/ROCK LIKE
friable
Friable

Non-Friable

background information6
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • CATEGORIES OF ACBM/PACM
    • SURFACING
      • SPRAY/TROWLED
    • THERMAL SYSTEM
      • INHIBIT HEAT TRANSFER
    • MISCELLANEOUS
      • ANY OTHER MATERIAL
background information7
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • PROPERTIES OF ASBESTOS
    • FIRE RESISTANT
    • THERMAL QUALITIES
    • ACOUSTICAL PROPERTIES
    • ELECTRICAL INSULATOR
    • TENSILE STRENGTH
    • CHEMICALLY REST
background information8
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
  • COMMON USES OF ASBESTOS
    • PIPE INSULATION
    • BOILER BREECH/LAGGING
    • BOILER DOOR
    • FIRE PROOFING
    • DEC/ACOUSTICAL
    • CEILING TILE
    • ROOFING
    • ELECTRICAL INSULATION
health effects
HEALTH EFFECTS
  • HARMFUL PROPERTIES
    • SIZE OF FIBER
    • DURABILITY
      • FIBERGLASS 2-3 YEARS
      • ASBESTOS >100 YEARS
    • SHAPE OF FIBER
    • BODIES ABILITY TO BREAK DOWN
    • NO PROOF ON DIFFERENT TOXICITY
health effects1
HEALTH EFFECTS
  • MAN-MADE MATERIALS
    • FIBERGLASS
  • ROUTES OF ENTRY
    • INHALATION
    • INGESTION
health effects2
HEALTH EFFECTS
  • RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
    • NATURAL DEFENSE
      • NASAL HAIRS
      • MUCUS
      • SILIVA
      • CILIA
      • TRACHEA
      • PRIMARY BRONCHI
    • DEEP LUNG
      • ALVEOLI
      • EXCHANGE OF GASES
asbestos related diseases
ASBESTOS RELATED DISEASES
  • ASBESTOSIS
    • LUNG DISEASE CALLED ASBESTOSIS DIAGNOSED IN 1900
    • SCARING OR FIBROSIS OF THE LUNG TISSUE
      • IMPAIRS ELASTICITY RESTRICTS O2 INTAKE
    • LATENCY PERIOD:15-30 YEARS
    • IRREVERSIBLE WITH NO CURE
asbestos related diseases1
ASBESTOS RELATED DISEASES
  • LUNG CANCER
    • MALIGNANT TUMOR OF THE BRONCHI COVERING
    • LATENCY PERIOD: 20-30 YEARS
asbestos related diseases2
ASBESTOS RELATED DISEASES
  • MESOTHELIOMA
    • CANCER OF THE MESOTHELIUM
      • LINING OF CHEST/ABDOMEN
    • AT TIME OF DIAGNOSES USUALLY FATAL
    • NO DOSE RESPONSE EFFECT
    • LANTENCY PERIOD: 30-40 YEARS
  • OTHER DISEASES
health effects3
HEALTH EFFECTS
  • SYNERGISTIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ASBESTOS AND SMOKING
  • 20 CIGARETTES/DAY
      • 10X FOR LUNG CANCER
    • ASBESTOS ONLY
      • 5X FOR LUNG CANCER
    • CIGARETTES + ASBESTOS 90X GREATER
regulations
REGULATIONS
  • AHERA (For all K-12 Public and Private)
    • INSPECTION
    • REINSPECTION
    • SAMPLING
      • ANALYSIS
    • ASSESSMENT
    • ASSESSMENT CATEGORIES
    • TRAINING
    • MANAGEMENT PLAN
regulations1
REGULATIONS
  • DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND FAMILY SERVICES
    • DHFS
    • STATE EPA
    • WORKER CERTIFICATION
  • DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
operations maintenance program
OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
  • PURPOSE
    • MAINTAIN ACM NON-FRIABLE
    • RESPOND TO DAMAGED ACM
  • MAJOR COMPONENTS
    • DECON/CLEANING
    • GENERAL MAINT/CLEANING
operations maintenance program1
OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
  • EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROCEDURES
  • PERIODIC SURVEILLANCE
  • REINSPECTION
  • RECORD KEEPING
    • WASTE MANIFEST
    • O&M FORMS
operations maintenance program2
OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
      • REFER TO INSP/MGMT PLAN/SURV.
      • IF IN DOUBT - SAMPLE
      • REFER TO D.P.
  • O&M vs. PLANNED ABATEMENT
    • INTENT
    • BLUEPRINTS
    • QUANTITY
      • ONE GLOVEBAG
operations maintenance program3
OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
  • REMOVE ONLY WHAT IS DAMAGED
  • FLOOR TILE
  • EXAMPLES
    • COIL REPLACEMENT
    • UNIVENT LEAK
    • ROOF LEAK
asbestos removal
ASBESTOS REMOVAL
  • PLANNED ABATEMENT:
    • STATE NOTIFICATION
    • NEGATIVE PRESSURE CONTAINMENT
    • DECONTAMINATION SUITE
    • CERTIFIED WORKERS
    • PROPER TECHNIQUES
    • CLEARANCE AIR TESTING
operations maintenance program4
OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
  • EMERGENCY RESPONSE
    • MINOR RELEASE
      • < 3 FT2 OR 3 LF
      • IN-HOUSE
    • MAJOR RELEASE
      • > 3FT2 OR 3LF
      • PROJECT DESIGN/RESPONSE ACTION
    • ISOLATE AREA
    • SHUT DOWN HVAC
    • CALL EMC