3B – El imperativo negativo - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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3B – El imperativo negativo

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  1. 3B – El imperativo negativo Negative Commands

  2. A. El imperativo formal

  3. Just add “No” to make the command negative.(Just add –n on to the verb to make the command plural. Add “Uds” if you wish.) AffirmativeNegative • Hable No hable(n) Ud(s) • Coma No coma • Duerma No duerma • Pague No pague • Comience No comience • Haga No haga • Oiga No oiga • Ponga No ponga • Vaya No vaya

  4. B. “Let’s” Commands

  5. Just add “No” to make the “Let’s” command negative. AffirmativeNegative • Hablemos – Let’s talk No hablemos – Let’s not talk • Comamos No comamos • Durmamos No durmamos • Paguemos No paguemos • Comencemos No comencemos • Hagamos No hagamos • Oigamos No oigamos • Pongamos No pongamos • Tengamos No tengamos

  6. C. El imperativo familiar

  7. To form the negative familiar commands there are 3 steps. • 1. Find the polite command • 2. Place “no” before the verb • 3. Add an “s” to the end Ejemplo: Caminar 1. camine 2. no camine 3. no camines Don’t walk.

  8. parar • 1. pare • 2. no pare • 3. no pares Don’t stop.

  9. cerrar • 1. cierre • 2. no cierre • 2. no cierres Don’t close.

  10. pedir • 1. pida • 2. no pida • 3. no pidas Don’t order/request.

  11. volver • 1. vuelva • 2. no vuelva • 3. no vuelvas Don’t return.

  12. salir • 1. salga • 2. no salga • 3. no salgas Don’t leave.

  13. estar • esté • no esté • no estés Don’t be

  14. ir • vaya • no vaya • no vayas Don’t go

  15. But…..Negative Commands with Pronouns

  16. Pronouns must be placed before the verb in negative commands.

  17. A. POLITE COMMANDS Affirmative CommandNegative Command Llámeme. - Call me. No me llame.- Don’t call me. Póngaselo. – Put it on. No se lo ponga. - Don’t put it on. Devuélvala. – Return it. No la devuelva.- Don’t return it. Díganmelo. – Tell it to me. No me lo digan. - Don’t tell it to me. Escríbanlas. – Write them No las escriban. - Don’t write them. Levántense.- Get up. No se levanten. - Don’t get up. • In the negative command, the pronoun is placed • before the verb. • *In the negative command, there is no accent.

  18. B. “LET’S” COMMANDS Affirmative CommandNegative Command Llamémoslo.– Let’s call him. No lo llamemos.- Let’s not call him. Pongámonoslos.– Let’s put them on No nos los pongamos – Let’s not put them on. Devolvámosla. – Let’s return it. No la devolvamos.- Let’s not return it. Dígámosles. – Let’s tell (to)them. No les digamos. – Let’s not tell them. Digámoselo.- Let’s tell it to them. No se lo digamos – Let’s not tell it to them Escríbámoslas. – Let’s write them. No las escribamos. –Let’s not write them. Levantémonos.- Let’s get up. No nos levantemos. – Let’s not get up. • *In the negative command, the pronoun is placed before the verb. • In the negative command, there is no accent. • Don’t forget: Indirect before direct. • Don’t forget: le or les becomes se in front of lo, la, los or las • Don’t forget: drop the “s” on levantemos when adding nos

  19. C. FAMILIAR COMMANDS Affirmative CommandNegative Command Llámame. - Call me. No me llames.- Don’t call me. Póntelo. – Put it on. No te lo pongas. - Don’t put it on. Devuélvela. – Return it. No la devuelvas.- Don’t return it. Dímelo. – Tell it to me. No me lo digas. - Don’t tell it to me. Escríbelas. – Write them. No las escribas. - Don’t write them. Levántate.- Get up. No te levantes. - Don’t get up. • *Don’t forget the 3 steps: change to the polite command, add “no”, add “s”. • *Place the pronoun before the verb. • *In the negative command, there is no accent. • *Don’t forget: Indirect before direct. • *Don’t forget: le or les becomes se in front of lo, la, los or las

  20. Negative Commands – Notice all pronouns are placed before the verb. A. Polite • No me las cante Ud. . Don’t sing them to me. • No lo haga Ud. Don’t do it. • No tenga Ud. fiesta. Don’t have a party. B. Let’s • No estemos aquí mañana. Let’s not be here tomorrow. • No la cerramos. Let’s not close it. • No les digamos la verdad. Let’s not tell the truth to them. C. Familiar • No me la digas. Don’t tell it to me. • No se lo des. Don’t give it to him. • No te pongas los zapatos. Don’t put on your shoes.

  21. Change the affirmative command to the negative

  22. Dígame – Tell me. No me diga – Don’t tell me. Manéjelo – Drive it. No lo maneje – Don’t drive it. Cómpremelas – Buy them for me. No me las compre. – Don’t buy them for me Lávese. – Wash. No se lave. – Don’t wash. Tómela. – Take it. No la tome. – Don’t take it. Prepáreselas. – Prepare them for her. No se las prepare. – Don’t prepare them for her. A. Polite Place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, remove accents.

  23. Digámosle. – Let’s tell her. No le digamos. – Let’s not tell her. Manejémoslo. – Let’s drive it. No lo manejemos – Let’s not drive it. Comprémoselas. – Let’s buy them for him. No se las compremos. – Let’s not buy them for him. Lavémonos. – Let’s wash. No nos lavemos. – Let’s not wash. Tomémosla. – Let’s take it. No la tomemos . – Let’s not take it. Preparémoselas. – Let’s prepare them for her. No se las preparemos. – Let’s not prepare them for her. B. “Let”s” Place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, and remove accents.

  24. Dime. – Tell me. No me digas. – Don’t tell me. Manéjalo. – Drive it. No lo manejes – Don’t drive it. Cómpramelas. – Buy them for me. No me las compres. – Don’t buy them for me Lávate. – Wash. No te laves. – Don’t wash. Tómala. – Take it. No la tomes. – Don’t take it. Prepáraselas. – Prepare them for her. No se las prepares. – Don’t prepare them for her. C. Familiar Change verb to the Polite command, place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns before the verb, add an “s”, and remove the accents.

  25. Gracias por su atención.