Slovenian female soldiers in the field Janja Vuga
Female soldiers and members of the police • 1997 – Slovenia sent first soldiers and members of the police to the peace operation in Albania; • Slovenian Armed Forces (SAF) consists of approx. 15 % women; • Slovenian police consists of approx. 6 % women. • Female members of the police since 1974; • Female members of SAF since 1991; • First female member of the police on the peace operation in 2000 in Kosovo (UNMIK – CIVPOL).
Gender based perception of obstacles Female • Physical capability; • Male environment; • Lack of time for family; • Promotion vs. motherhood. Male • Physical and psychological capability; • Weakening the team cohesion; • Traditional role.
The number of Slovenian female soldiers in Peace Operations between 2005 and 2009
Few positions entrusted to female members of the SAF and the police Slovenian Armed Forces • 1999: female deputy commander of SVNCON in Cyprus; • 2000: female commander of SVNCON in Cyprus; • 2004: female commander of SVNCON in Bosnia; • 2008: the commander of the SVNCON, senior representative and the chief of Infoops division in Bosnia; • 2008: female deputy commanders in Afghanistan; • 2008: female deputy commander in Kosovo; • 2009: female officers on different levels of staff positions in KFOR and EUFOR HQ and in the Slovenian battle group in Kosovo. Slovenian Police • Police officers on the field; • Airport officials; • Regional Crime Squad.
Why gender mixed teams in peace operations make sense? • To be a role model; • To establish contacts with local women; • To include local women; • To define priorities; • To “soften” the male environment.