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APUSH Exam Review Significant Presidential Elections. Jake Barden. First Presidential election in U.S. History Occurs after the ratification of the Constitution Washington ran essentially unopposed John Adams gets 2 nd most electoral votes, thus becoming first V.P.

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Apush exam review significant presidential elections

APUSH Exam ReviewSignificant Presidential Elections

Jake Barden


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • Revolution of 1800” – significance?

  • Jefferson narrowly defeats Adams & Burr

    • Role of Alexander Hamilton & House of Representatives?

  • First transfer of power b/w different political parties in U.S. history

  • Sets precedent for future elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • The “Corrupt Bargain” details of alleged conspiracy?

    • Role of Henry Clay

  • JQA defeats Old Hickory despite not winning the popular vote or majority of electors

  • What group of people does Andrew Jackson appeal to?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • Andrew Jackson finally claims the White House

  • Significance of “Jacksonian Democracy”?

    • Democratic - Republicans are reborn as Democrats

  • Executive Branch will be greatly strengthened over the next 8 years

    • What are the three main issues of Jackson’s presidency?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • “Log Cabin Campaign” , “Tippecanoe & Tyler Too” enemy Henry Clay

  • War hero William Henry Harrison* defeats staunch Jacksonsian incumbent Martin Van Buren to become first Whig President

  • How did the Whigs beat the Democrats at their own game?

  • *Died of pneumonia, president for only 30 days


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • In 1844 the Democrats were split… enemy Henry Clay

  • James K. Polk narrowly defeats seasoned Whig candidate Henry Clay

    • Role of Liberty Party candidate James Birney?

  • Manifest Destiny achieved?

  • Four goals of Polk’s presidency?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • Amid building sectional tensions James Buchanan is elected enemy Henry Clay

  • A Northern Democrat, Buchanan will be sympathetic to southern interests and will do little to stop the decent into civil war

  • 1856 marks the first Republican Candidate for President

    • Republican Party Platform?

    • What groups joined to form the Republicans?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • Last election before the outbreak of the Civil War enemy Henry Clay

  • Democrats split along sectional lines, ensuring Lincoln’s election despite not winning a true majority of votes

  • Lincoln’s election spurs the South to follow through with threats of secession if a Republican is elected President


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • The Corrupt Bargain Part II? challenge from an old acquaintance – General George McClellan, aka “Tardy” George

  • In an election decided by the House of Rep, Hayes defeats Tilden by one Electoral vote

  • How does the Election of 1876 effect Reconstruction?

    • Main terms of Compromise of 1877?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • Final election of the 19 challenge from an old acquaintance – General George McClellan, aka “Tardy” Georgeth Century, U.S. on the verge of modernity

    • Nation is emerging from the Gilded Age

  • Peak of Populist movement - People’s Party briefly merges with Democrats & nominates William Jennings Bryan

    • Main Issues of 1896 election?

    • Significance of William McKinley’s victory?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • TR win’s the presidency in his own right challenge from an old acquaintance – General George McClellan, aka “Tardy” George

  • TR concentrates on more progressive reforms in his 2nd term

    • Square Deal?

    • Bully Pulpit?

    • Trust Busting?

    • Big Stick Diplomacy?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • Three major candidates all claim to be progressives challenge from an old acquaintance – General George McClellan, aka “Tardy” George

  • Height of Progressive Era

    • New Freedom vs. New Nationalism

    • Role of TR & the Bull Moose Party/relationship with Taft?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • Reelection for Woodrow Wilson challenge from an old acquaintance – General George McClellan, aka “Tardy” George

    • Triple wall of privilege?

  • Wilson’s official foreign policy position?

  • How do events in and around Europe force Wilson to change this position in regard WWI?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • With WWII raging, FDR wins an unprecedented 4 brewing in Europe & East Asia, FDR is granted a 3th term in office

  • With FRD’s death in April of 1945, Harry Truman assumes the presidency

    • Truman will make the final decisions that will end WWII


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • In perhaps the most surprising election result in U.S. history, incumbent Harry Truman defeats heavily favored Thomas Dewey

  • In his 2nd term Truman, will continue to use economic aid to rebuild war torn Europe in the face of spreading communism

  • Truman will also deal with criticism over failure to contain communism in Asia

    • Dixie-crat (states rights) Senator Strom Thurmond runs on a segregationist platform and garners significant votes in the deep south


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • War hero Gen. Dwight Eisenhower is elected as the nation begins an era of unprecedented prosperity

  • Beneath the perceived aura of domestic stability of the 1950s are serious issues which will explode in the near future

    • Civil Rights

    • Women’s Rights

    • Nuclear proliferation (M.A.D.) & the continuing Cold War


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


Apush exam review significant presidential elections

  • 1980 begins the resurgence of conservatism in American Politics

    • What prompted this shift to the right in American politics?

  • CA governor Ronald Reagan leads the neoconservatives into power

    • Birth of the modern conservation movement?

    • Influence of religious right?

    • Reaganomics?


Apush exam review significant presidential elections


The american two party system
The American Two Party System Politics

**Dates are general in nature, it is possible for overlap to exist**

  • Pre-Party System: Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

  • 1st Party System: Late 1790s – 1828

    • Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans: Adams – JQA

  • 2nd Party System: 1828 – 1854

    • Democrats vs. Whigs: Jackson – Pierce/Buchanan

  • 3rd Party System: 1854 – mid 1890s

    • Democrats vs. Republicans: Lincoln – Cleveland

  • 4th Party System: 1896 – 1932

    • Democrats(Populists & Progressives) vs. Republicans: McKinley – Hoover

  • 5th Party System: 1933 - ??? Still ongoing?

    • New Deal Democrats vs. Conservative Republicans: FDR - ???

      **Did a 6th Party System begin in the 1980s with conservative resurgence?**