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Immigration & Ethno-cultural Statistics. Statistics Canada. Tina Chui Calgary & Edmonton, Alberta December 10 & 11, 2003. Increasing focus on immigration & cultural diversity. Increasingly important component of total population growth as well as labour force growth

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Immigration ethno cultural statistics

Immigration & Ethno-cultural Statistics

Statistics Canada

Tina Chui

Calgary & Edmonton, Alberta

December 10 & 11, 2003

Increasing focus on immigration cultural diversity
Increasing focus on immigration & cultural diversity

  • Increasingly important component of total population growth as well as labour force growth

  • Continuing cultural diversity, particularly in large urban areas

  • Economic situation of recent immigrants

Key immigration ethno cultural data sources
Key Immigration & Ethno-cultural Data Sources

  • Census of Population

  • Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB)

    • The Longitudinal Administrative Databank (LAD) & IMDB

  • Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC)

  • Ethnic Diversity Survey (EDS)

  • Other household surveys

Census of population1
Census of Population

  • Long history of questions on:

    • place of birth

    • citizenship

    • year of immigration

  • In 2001, questions added on birthplace of parents, religion and language of work

  • Census of population2
    Census of Population

    • Ethno-cultural characteristics

      (ethnic origin, visible minority status, languages, etc.)

    • Education

    • Labour force activity

    • Occupation

    • Income

    What census data tell us
    What Census Data Tell Us

    • Size & origins of the immigrant population, children of immigrants, ethnic groups, etc.

    • Settlement & mobility patterns of immigrants and ethnic groups over time

    • Labour market experience of immigrants, adult children of immigrants, visible minorities, ethnic groups

    Data availability 2001 census
    Data Availability: 2001 Census


      • 2001 Census Analysis Series

      • Thematic maps

      • Multimedia presentation: 100 years of immigration

      • Highlight tables, Canadian Overview Tables, etc.

      • Community Profiles

    • Profiles of immigrant groups, ethnic origins, visible minority groups and religions

    • Core tables for the Metropolis Project

    Advantages of using census data
    Advantages of Using Census Data

    • More than 100 years of historical data

    • Detailed information on birthplaces, ethnic origins, visible minority groups, languages, etc.

    • Data available for small geographic areas

    • Wide range of socio-cultural and economic variables can be used in analysis

    Limitations of census data
    Limitations of Census Data

    • Not longitudinal – cannot follow the same respondents over time

    • No year of arrival information

      (asks the year landed immigrant status was obtained)

    • No immigration program information

      (e.g. categories of admission; selection characteristics)

    • Outcome measures, rather than process

    Longitudinal immigration database

    Longitudinal Immigration Database

    What is the imdb
    What is the IMDB?

    • Administrative database of linked immigration files with taxation files

    • Longitudinal: 1980-2000; updated annually

      • All landed immigrants from 1980-2000

      • Tax data from 1980-2000

      • Up to 16 years of information

    • Supported by a federal-provincial consortium, led by Citizenship & Immigration Canada (CIC)

    Contents of the imdb
    Contents of the IMDB

    • Designed to address the need for detailed, policy-relevant data on the immigration program

    • Content includes:

      • Demographic data & characteristics of landing

      • Program & selection information

      • Detailed income data over time

      • Geographic location over time

    Contents of the imdb continued
    Contents of the IMDB (continued)

    • From the immigration portion – primarily used as independent variables in analysis

      • Demographic data

      • Program & selection information

      • Personal attributes at time of landing

      • Province of original destination

    Contents of the imdb continued1
    Contents of the IMDB (continued)

    • Selected fields from T1:

      • Employment earnings

      • Income from self-employment

      • Employment insurance

      • Welfare benefits (from 1992)

      • Investment income

      • Geographic location for each tax year

    • SIC(80) from T4 based on dominant earnings

    What the imdb tells us
    What the IMDB tells us?

    • Link between immigrant policy levers (e.g., selection criteria) and economic outcomes

    • Labour market behaviour of different categories of admission of immigrants over time

    • Secondary inter-provincial & inter-urban migration of immigrants

    • Potential information on immigrant children

    Imdb access confidentiality
    IMDB: Access & confidentiality

    • Condition of linkage approval – no public access to microdata

    • Access restricted to the IMDB project team

    • Only aggregated data released outside STC

    • All data randomly rounded

    • Screened for confidentiality

    Imdb products
    IMDB: Products

    • Compendium Tables

    • Standard Summary Tables

    • Ad hoc requests

    What isn t in the imdb
    What isn’t in the IMDB?

    • No comparison or reference group

    • No family/household information

    • No information on skills, education, and language abilities acquired after landing

    What is the longitudinal administrative databank lad
    What is the Longitudinal Administrative Databank (LAD)

    • Longitudinal sample of individuals (20% of tax-filing Canadians, sampled from T1 Family File)

    • Contains over 270 variables relating to these individuals and their families

    • Presently spans 19 years (1982-2000); update as additional years become available

    Contents of the lad
    Contents of the LAD

    • Individual demographics

      • age, sex, marital status

    • Family demographics

      • type of family, number & age of children

    • Geography

      • Province/territory, city, town, postal code, census geography (CMA, CD, CT)

    • Income variables

      • Employment income, investment, transfer payments, other income

    Lad imdb
    LAD & IMDB

    • Match by SIN, all immigrant tax-filers to the LAD sample

    • Result, 20% of immigrants

    • Data are weighted to produce estimates

    • 17 key immigrant variables retained

    Lad imdb access confidentiality
    LAD & IMDB: access & confidentiality

    • Controlled access

      • Very limited access to microdata

      • Confidential data must remain on-site

      • Secure physical environment

    • Rules to prevent disclosure

      • Addition of noise, suppression, dominance, residual disclosure avoidance, rounding

    What lad imdb tell us
    What LAD & IMDB tell us?

    • 19 years of data

    • Low income measure (LIM)

    • Family information from T1FF

    • Census family & SLID census family

    • Comparison group of all tax-filers

    • Child tax benefit information

    • QC tax estimates

    Questions on imdb lad imdb
    Questions on IMDB, LAD & IMDB

    Heather Dryburgh

    Manager, Longitudinal Immigration Database

    (613) 951-0501

    [email protected]

    Client Services: 613-951-5979

    [email protected]

    Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada

    Survey Objectives:

    • to study how new immigrants adjust to life in Canada over time

    • to provide information on the factors that can help or hinder this adjustment

    LSIC Target population and sampling frame

    Target population includes immigrants who:

    • arrived in Canada between October 2000 and September 2001

    • landed from abroad

    • Are age 15 and over

    • About 165,000 immigrants meet these criteria

      Sampling frame

      Administrative database provided by Citizenship and Immigration Canada

    LSIC Survey Timelines

    • Longitudinal – 3 interviews – approximately 6 months, 2 years and 4 years after arriving in Canada

      • Wave 1: April 2001 to March 2002

      • Wave 2: December 2002 to November 2003

      • Wave 3: October 2004 to September 2005

    LSIC Survey Design

    • Computer assisted interviewing (CAI), face-to-face interview environment

    • Average household visit of 90 minutes

    • Interviews are conducted in 15 different languages

    • The longitudinal respondent is the unit of analysis; 12,000 individuals interviewed in Wave 1

    LSIC Questionnaire Content

    • Socio-demographic information (Wave 1 only)

    • Reasons for coming to Canada (Wave 1 only)

    • Social interactions

    • Language skills

    • Housing

    • Education

    • Employment

    • Health

    LSIC Questionnaire Content (continued)

    • Values and attitudes

    • Citizenship

    • Perceptions of settlement

    • Income

    • Event history analysis for housing, employment & education experiences since arrival

    • Problems encountered, type of help needed & sources of help received

    LSIC Data Outputs

    • A major release in Statistics Canada’s The Daily, accompanied by an analytical report of results & tables – September 4, 2003

    • Joint STC-CIC publication – Winter 2004

    • Production of a set of standard tables

    • Master microdata files for Research Data Centres

    • Remote data access and custom tabulations

    Questions on lsic
    Questions on LSIC

    Tracey Leesti

    Senior Project Manager

    (613) 951-5693

    [email protected]

    Client Services

    1-800-461-9050 or [email protected]

    Ethnic Diversity Survey

    Survey Objectives:

    • to provide information on the ethnic & cultural backgrounds of people in Canada and how these backgrounds related to their lives today

    • To better understand how Canadians of different ethnic backgrounds interpret and report their ethnicity

      Target population:

    • Population aged 15 and over living in private dwellings in the 10 provinces, excluding Indian Reserves and Aboriginal

    EDS Sample design & selection

    Two-phase stratified design

    • Phase I: 2001 long census questionnaires (one-in-five households in Canada)

    • Phase II: Selected a sample of respondents from the Census according to specific characteristics

      Sample selection:

      • Divided the Census population into groups according to the responses to the following three questions:

        • Ethnic origin

        • Birthplace of respondent

        • Birthplace of parents

      • Total of 15 strata; random selection within each strata

    EDS Interviews

    • 57,000 persons selected to be interviewed (no proxy reporting) between April and August 2002

    • Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing, approximately 35 minute interviews

    • Interviewed in 9 different languages

    • 42,500 people were interviewed

    Eds content modules themes
    EDS Content Modules & Themes

    • Entry

    • Ethnic self-Definition

    • Respondent & Family Background

    • Knowledge & Use of Language

    • Family Interaction

    • Social Networks

    Eds content modules themes continued
    EDS Content Modules & Themes(continued)

    • Civic Participation

    • Interaction with Society

    • Attitudes

    • Trust & Satisfaction

    • Socio-economic activities

    • Who answered 2001 Census questionnaire

    EDS Potential Research Areas

    Unpacking Ethnicity

    Discrimination & Unfair Treatment

    Socio-economic Status


    Social Capital

    Social Networks

    Participation in Society


    Transmission of Culture & Language

    Eds products
    EDS Products

    • Official release in Statistics Canada’s The Daily – September 29, 2003

    • Analytic article: Ethnic Diversity Survey: Portrait of a multicultural society

    • Analysis file for Research Data Centres

    • Possible Public Use Microdata File in 2004

    Questions on eds
    Questions on EDS

    Jane Badets

    Immigration & Ethno-cultural Statistics

    (613) 951-2561

    [email protected]

    Client Services: 613-951-5979

    [email protected]

    Other household surveys1
    Other household surveys

    • Immigration questions are included on most household surveys….but immigrant samples tend to be small.

    • Canadian Community Health Survey

    • Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics

    • Youth in Transition Survey

    • Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey


    • Immigration & Ethno-cultural Statistics

    • Housing, Family & Social Statistics Division

    • Statistics Canada

  • Jane Badets Tina Chui

  • Ottawa, Ontario Ottawa, Ontario

  • (613) 951-2561 (613) 951-8108

  • [email protected] [email protected]

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